A recent analysis conducted by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the University of Michigan, provided the first hard evidence that malaria is indeed present at higher elevations during warmer years and restricted to lower altitudes when temperatures cool.
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Researchers have discovered a mechanism that may explain how a recently discovered mutation causes two devastating neurological diseases.
Cystic fibrosis is a rare, life-shortening genetic disease for which there is no cure. It affects more than 75,000 people worldwide. In CF, thick, sticky mucus blocks the passages in many organs, leading to a variety of symptoms. In particular, mucus builds up and clogs airways in the lungs making it easier for bacteria to grow.
The fundamental discipline of nanotechnology is poised to change virtually every aspect of our lives, in just about any sector we can think of.
The incidence of autism spectrum disorders has increased sharply since it was first described 60 years ago. Today, ASD affects more than 1% of all children in the U.S. and about half of them develop a life-long disability.
Babies that are delivered by caeserean section are more likely to become overweight or obese as adults, according to researchers from Imperial College, London.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States, contributing to as many as a third of injury-related deaths. When a patient presents to the emergency department with a TBI in isolation or as part of multi-system injury, he or she is stabilized, evaluated and a treatment...
The World Health Organization (WHO) has called antibiotic resistance one of the biggest threats to human health today - and international travel is contributing to the problem.
The number of adult patients with congenital heart disease is growing worldwide. Advances in medical treatment, percutaneous interventions, and surgery offer the vast majority of these patients a good life expectancy.
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is the transfer of fecal matter and its associated microbiome from a “healthy” individual to a recipient, to correct the dysbiosis and restore balance. FMT is not a new concept, and its first mention in the literature was during the 4th century when Ge Hong described the use of fecal suspension by mouth for treatment of severe diarrhea or food poisoning.
Migraine is a common and disabling neurological condition. Migraine is currently estimated to affect more than 860 million people worldwide. Migraine has recently been rated by the Global Burden of Disease Study from the World Health Organization as the third most common and eighth most burdensome disease on the planet, and it alone is responsible for 3 % of disability...
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a human prion disease, extremely rare yet always fatal. Most cases are sporadic, usually occurring in people over 65 years of age and with an overall incidence around the world of one case per million people.
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