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New article provides guidance on managing critically ill patients at risk for alcohol withdrawal

New article provides guidance on managing critically ill patients at risk for alcohol withdrawal

Alcohol withdrawal adds challenges to caring for critically ill patients, and nurses must be diligent at each stage of care to minimize complications, according to an article in the February issue of Critical Care Nurse. [More]
African-Americans who did not engage in exercise nearly twice as likely to abuse alcohol

African-Americans who did not engage in exercise nearly twice as likely to abuse alcohol

A large-scale survey of African-American men and women found that those who rarely or never exercised had about twice the odds of abusing alcohol than those who exercised frequently, a finding that could have implications across all groups. [More]
People near the middle of social hierarchies suffer higher rates of depression and anxiety

People near the middle of social hierarchies suffer higher rates of depression and anxiety

Individuals near the middle of the social hierarchy suffer higher rates of depression and anxiety than those at the top or bottom, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. [More]
Addiction history indicates bipolar conversion risk from precursor disorders

Addiction history indicates bipolar conversion risk from precursor disorders

Substance use and the presence of subthreshold affective symptoms may predict future bipolar disorder in young people with precursor conditions such as depression, research suggests. [More]
Non-suicidal self-injury common among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans

Non-suicidal self-injury common among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans

Non-suicidal self-injury--that is, purposefully hurting oneself without conscious suicidal intent--is relatively common among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans, according to a study published online April 1, 2015, in Psychiatry Research. [More]
TSRI Scientists find that nicotine use increases compulsive alcohol consumption

TSRI Scientists find that nicotine use increases compulsive alcohol consumption

Why do smokers have a five to ten times greater risk of developing alcohol dependence than nonsmokers? Do smokers have a greater tendency toward addiction in general or does nicotine somehow reinforce alcohol consumption? [More]
Biological clue could help explain why some drinkers can't resist alcohol

Biological clue could help explain why some drinkers can't resist alcohol

Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have discovered a biological clue that could help explain why some drinkers develop a dependence on alcohol and others do not. [More]
Women with alcoholic partners may benefit from Internet-based interactive support program

Women with alcoholic partners may benefit from Internet-based interactive support program

Women married to men with alcohol abuse problems can face a slew of problems themselves, with finding support for their situation near the top of the list. [More]
Door-to-door campaing encourages people to get tested for hepatitis C and to get linked to care

Door-to-door campaing encourages people to get tested for hepatitis C and to get linked to care

In Philadelphia, as in many cities, neighborhoods with high rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) often also have limited access to screening and treatment. A new study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine shows that when expert advocates made a focused effort in a medically underserved area, they were able to help vulnerable patients leap each of the many hurdles that often keep people out of care. [More]
Cellular mechanisms of alcohol dependence: an interview with Dr Sanna, TSRI

Cellular mechanisms of alcohol dependence: an interview with Dr Sanna, TSRI

In the brain there are both excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters. These are molecules that are released from nerve endings in the brain and in the periphery and either excite or inhibit other nerve cells, also known as neurons. [More]
Excessive alcohol intake is not just the realm of alcoholics

Excessive alcohol intake is not just the realm of alcoholics

Excessive alcohol consumption, which is responsible for 88,000 deaths annually in the US, is commonly assumed to occur in people who are alcohol-dependent. However, of these deaths only 3,700 were due to alcohol dependence. A study published yesterday found that in 9 out 10 cases, adults who drink too much alcohol are not alcoholics or alcohol-dependent. [More]
Teen binge drinking effects may last a lifetime, suggests UMass Amherst study

Teen binge drinking effects may last a lifetime, suggests UMass Amherst study

Binge drinking can have lasting effects on brain pathways that are still developing during adolescence, say neuroscience researcher Heather N. Richardson and her colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Louisiana State University. [More]
Reducing heart failure deaths: an interview with Dimitrios Georgiopoulos, UK Medical Director, Novartis

Reducing heart failure deaths: an interview with Dimitrios Georgiopoulos, UK Medical Director, Novartis

Heart failure is a debilitating, and life-threatening, condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood around the body. When heart failure continues to progress and worsen over time, the persistent condition is known as chronic heart failure. [More]
NIH awards $8.2 million to SUNY Research Foundation in support of DEARC

NIH awards $8.2 million to SUNY Research Foundation in support of DEARC

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded a five-year grant in the amount of $8.2 million to the SUNY Research Foundation in support of the Developmental Exposure Alcohol Research Center (DEARC), an alcohol research center led by Binghamton University. [More]
Returning National Guardsmen more likely to turn to alcohol when faced with issues at home

Returning National Guardsmen more likely to turn to alcohol when faced with issues at home

Regardless of traumatic events experienced during deployment, returning National Guard soldiers were more likely to develop a drinking problem if faced with civilian life setbacks, including job loss, legal problems, divorce, and serious financial and legal problems-all commonplace in military families. [More]

Alcohol abuse is a major concern for reservists returning home

Regardless of traumatic events experienced during deployment, returning National Guard soldiers were more likely to develop a drinking problem if faced with civilian life setbacks, including job loss, legal problems, divorce, and serious financial and legal problems - all commonplace in military families. [More]
Son's vulnerability for alcohol use disorders could be shaped by father

Son's vulnerability for alcohol use disorders could be shaped by father

Even before conception, a son's vulnerability for alcohol use disorders could be shaped by a father who chronically drinks to excess, according to a new animal study from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. [More]
Alkermes initiates second ALKS 3831 Phase 2 clinical study for treatment of schizophrenia

Alkermes initiates second ALKS 3831 Phase 2 clinical study for treatment of schizophrenia

Alkermes plc today announced the initiation of the second phase 2 study of ALKS 3831, a novel, oral, broad-spectrum antipsychotic medicine in development for schizophrenia. [More]
Unexpected death may trigger mania in loved ones

Unexpected death may trigger mania in loved ones

The unexpected loss of a loved one can trigger a range of psychiatric disorders, including mania, in patients with no history of mental illness, a study shows. [More]
Researchers examine relationships between alcohol and PTSD

Researchers examine relationships between alcohol and PTSD

Alcohol abuse occurs in 52% of men and 28% of women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Comorbid alcoholism and PTSD leads more frequently to low income, unemployment, and overall social dysfunction than either condition on its own, in part due to the clinical challenges their simultaneous treatment poses. [More]
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