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Preventive interventions for adolescent alcohol and drug use may need to begin in early childhood

Preventive interventions for adolescent alcohol and drug use may need to begin in early childhood

Research from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions suggests the approach to preventing alcohol and drug use by some adolescents should begin in early childhood. [More]
Telephone-based intervention holds potential to help military members struggling with alcohol abuse

Telephone-based intervention holds potential to help military members struggling with alcohol abuse

Alcohol abuse is pervasive in the military, where a culture of heavy drinking and the stress of deployment lead many soldiers down a troubled path. [More]
Highly caffeinated alcoholic drinks may induce changes in the adolescent brain similar to cocaine

Highly caffeinated alcoholic drinks may induce changes in the adolescent brain similar to cocaine

Drinking highly caffeinated alcoholic beverages triggers changes in the adolescent brain similar to taking cocaine, and the consequences last into adulthood as an altered ability to deal with rewarding substances, according to a Purdue University study. [More]
Alcohol produces same neural and molecular changes as rapid antidepressant drugs

Alcohol produces same neural and molecular changes as rapid antidepressant drugs

Can having a few drinks help people with clinical depression feel better? Yes. At least in terms of biochemistry. [More]

Study examines racial differences in alcohol involvement and trauma exposures

Trauma exposure has consistently been reported as a risk factor for alcohol use and related problems. [More]
Waiting impulsivity may help spot offspring of alcoholics at risk for developing alcohol addiction

Waiting impulsivity may help spot offspring of alcoholics at risk for developing alcohol addiction

Researchers know that youth with a family history of alcoholism have a greater risk of developing an alcohol use disorder; this heightened vulnerability may be due to impulsive behavior. [More]
Adults with pain could be at higher risk of developing prescription opioid use disorders

Adults with pain could be at higher risk of developing prescription opioid use disorders

What do we really know about the relationship between the experience of pain and risk of developing opioid use disorder? Results from a recent study - the first to directly address this question -- show that people with moderate or more severe pain had a 41 percent higher risk of developing prescription opioid use disorders than those without, independent of other demographic and clinical factors. [More]
Study finds dramatic increase in nonmedical use of prescription opioids in the U.S.

Study finds dramatic increase in nonmedical use of prescription opioids in the U.S.

Nonmedical use of prescription opioids more than doubled among adults in the United States from 2001-2002 to 2012-2013, based on a study from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, part of the National Institutes of Health. Nearly 10 million Americans, or 4.1 percent of the adult population, used opioid medications in 2012-2013 a class of drugs that includes OxyContin and Vicodin, without a prescription or not as prescribed (in greater amounts, more often, or longer than prescribed) in the past year. [More]
Understanding dangers of binge drinking

Understanding dangers of binge drinking

Researchers estimate that each year 1,825 college students ages 18-24 die from alcohol-related unintentional injuries, including motor vehicle collisions. About 20 percent of college students meet the criteria for an alcohol use disorder, with one in four college students report adverse academic consequences from drinking, including missing class, falling behind, doing poorly on exams or papers, and receiving lower grades overall. [More]
Adults who use marijuana more likely to develop alcohol use disorder

Adults who use marijuana more likely to develop alcohol use disorder

Adults who use marijuana are five times more likely to develop an alcohol use disorder (AUD) --alcohol abuse or dependence-- compared with adults who do not use the drug. And adults who already have an alcohol use disorder and use marijuana are more likely to see the problem persist. [More]
New article provides guidance on managing critically ill patients at risk for alcohol withdrawal

New article provides guidance on managing critically ill patients at risk for alcohol withdrawal

Alcohol withdrawal adds challenges to caring for critically ill patients, and nurses must be diligent at each stage of care to minimize complications, according to an article in the February issue of Critical Care Nurse. [More]
African-Americans who did not engage in exercise nearly twice as likely to abuse alcohol

African-Americans who did not engage in exercise nearly twice as likely to abuse alcohol

A large-scale survey of African-American men and women found that those who rarely or never exercised had about twice the odds of abusing alcohol than those who exercised frequently, a finding that could have implications across all groups. [More]
People near the middle of social hierarchies suffer higher rates of depression and anxiety

People near the middle of social hierarchies suffer higher rates of depression and anxiety

Individuals near the middle of the social hierarchy suffer higher rates of depression and anxiety than those at the top or bottom, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. [More]
Addiction history indicates bipolar conversion risk from precursor disorders

Addiction history indicates bipolar conversion risk from precursor disorders

Substance use and the presence of subthreshold affective symptoms may predict future bipolar disorder in young people with precursor conditions such as depression, research suggests. [More]
Non-suicidal self-injury common among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans

Non-suicidal self-injury common among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans

Non-suicidal self-injury--that is, purposefully hurting oneself without conscious suicidal intent--is relatively common among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans, according to a study published online April 1, 2015, in Psychiatry Research. [More]
TSRI Scientists find that nicotine use increases compulsive alcohol consumption

TSRI Scientists find that nicotine use increases compulsive alcohol consumption

Why do smokers have a five to ten times greater risk of developing alcohol dependence than nonsmokers? Do smokers have a greater tendency toward addiction in general or does nicotine somehow reinforce alcohol consumption? [More]
Biological clue could help explain why some drinkers can't resist alcohol

Biological clue could help explain why some drinkers can't resist alcohol

Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have discovered a biological clue that could help explain why some drinkers develop a dependence on alcohol and others do not. [More]
Women with alcoholic partners may benefit from Internet-based interactive support program

Women with alcoholic partners may benefit from Internet-based interactive support program

Women married to men with alcohol abuse problems can face a slew of problems themselves, with finding support for their situation near the top of the list. [More]
Door-to-door campaing encourages people to get tested for hepatitis C and to get linked to care

Door-to-door campaing encourages people to get tested for hepatitis C and to get linked to care

In Philadelphia, as in many cities, neighborhoods with high rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) often also have limited access to screening and treatment. A new study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine shows that when expert advocates made a focused effort in a medically underserved area, they were able to help vulnerable patients leap each of the many hurdles that often keep people out of care. [More]
Cellular mechanisms of alcohol dependence: an interview with Dr Sanna, TSRI

Cellular mechanisms of alcohol dependence: an interview with Dr Sanna, TSRI

In the brain there are both excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters. These are molecules that are released from nerve endings in the brain and in the periphery and either excite or inhibit other nerve cells, also known as neurons. [More]
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