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Amino Acid is one of several molecules that join together to form proteins. There are 20 common amino acids found in proteins.
Study finds decreased cysteine/cystine ratio could serve as accurate redox biomarker for epilepsy

Study finds decreased cysteine/cystine ratio could serve as accurate redox biomarker for epilepsy

Approximately 2.9 million people in the United States suffer from epilepsy, according to the CDC. [More]
Maternal serum levels of nicotinamide linked to child’s risk of atopic eczema

Maternal serum levels of nicotinamide linked to child’s risk of atopic eczema

Infants whose mothers had a higher level of a particular type of vitamin B during pregnancy have a lower risk of eczema at age 12 months, new Southampton research has shown. [More]
CIRM approves $5.2 million for research on life-long treatment for rare childhood disease

CIRM approves $5.2 million for research on life-long treatment for rare childhood disease

Cystinosis is a rare disease that usually strikes children before they are two years old and can lead to end stage kidney failure before their tenth birthday. [More]
KIT researchers use high-resolution microscopy to uncover how scavenger cells repair muscle fibers

KIT researchers use high-resolution microscopy to uncover how scavenger cells repair muscle fibers

Everybody knows the burning sensation in the legs when climbing down a steep slope for a long time. It is caused by microruptures in the cell membrane of our muscle fibers. [More]
Researchers reveal presence of toxic protein aggregates in the human brain

Researchers reveal presence of toxic protein aggregates in the human brain

The following factors facilitate the formation of putatively toxic structures in the neuronal nuclei of Alzheimer's patients. [More]
Mood stabilizers may decrease negative symptoms in psychiatric patients with specific genotype

Mood stabilizers may decrease negative symptoms in psychiatric patients with specific genotype

A drug prescribed to many patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder may decrease negative symptoms for people with a certain variant of the COMT gene, suggests a new study from researchers at Columbia University Medical Center. [More]
Oral antidiabetic drug modulates the body's nitrogen and urea metabolism

Oral antidiabetic drug modulates the body's nitrogen and urea metabolism

The most frequently prescribed oral antidiabetic drug metformin significantly affects metabolic pathways. [More]
Research offers new insights into underlying mechanisms of deadly cystic fibrosis

Research offers new insights into underlying mechanisms of deadly cystic fibrosis

A minor hiccup in the sequence of a human gene can have devastating impacts on health. Such flaws cause cystic fibrosis (CF), a disease affecting the lungs and other vital organs, often leading to death by the age of 30. [More]
CHORI scientists reveal improved protective antibody responses to new meningococcal vaccine

CHORI scientists reveal improved protective antibody responses to new meningococcal vaccine

A study conducted by UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute scientists shows greatly improved protective antibody responses to a new mutant vaccine antigen for prevention of disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis - also known as meningococcus - that has the potential to improve the current vaccines for meningitis. [More]
New PET scan can detect prostate cancer earlier than MRIs and CT scans

New PET scan can detect prostate cancer earlier than MRIs and CT scans

Loyola Medicine is the first center in the Midwest to offer the first effective PET/CT scan for prostate cancer patients. [More]
Researchers describe how genetic mutations cause unnamed neurological disorder

Researchers describe how genetic mutations cause unnamed neurological disorder

In rare cases -- for instance, among siblings in two families from Pakistan and Oman described in a new study -- children have been born with an unnamed neurological disorder. [More]
Mitosis study identifies new potential target for cancer therapy

Mitosis study identifies new potential target for cancer therapy

Structural biologists show in a new study that an apparently key step in the process of cell division depends on a unique interaction among specific proteins, including one that is strongly linked to cancer. Their hope now is that the detailed new characterization of the interaction will make it a target for exploring a new cancer therapy. [More]
Studying mutant peptides may help detect weaknesses in tumor cells

Studying mutant peptides may help detect weaknesses in tumor cells

Researchers from MIPT, the Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, the Institute for Energy Problems of Chemical Physics, and the Research Institute of Physico-Chemical Medicine have presented an algorithm to detect mutant proteins based on mass spectrometry data and the results of exome sequencing. [More]
Researchers engineer protein-shelled nanostructures useful for ultrasound imaging

Researchers engineer protein-shelled nanostructures useful for ultrasound imaging

Ultrasound imaging is used around the world to help visualize developing babies and diagnose diseases. Sound waves bounce off the tissues, revealing their different densities and shapes. [More]
Cells may need some reactive forms of oxygen to maintain health

Cells may need some reactive forms of oxygen to maintain health

Within our bodies, high levels of reactive forms of oxygen can damage proteins and contribute to diabetic complications and many other diseases. [More]
New research article reveals global patterns of genetic variation

New research article reveals global patterns of genetic variation

Published in today's edition of Nature, the research led by Dr Monkol Lek of the University of Sydney and Dr Daniel MacArthur of The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard Universities reveals patterns of genetic variation worldwide by sequencing the exomes of 60,706 individuals with diverse geographic ancestries, including European, African, South Asian, East Asian and Latino populations. [More]
Scientists identify potential mechanism that paves way for improved treatment of fungal infections

Scientists identify potential mechanism that paves way for improved treatment of fungal infections

By identifying new compounds that selectively block mitochondrial respiration in pathogenic fungi, Whitehead Institute scientists have identified a potential antifungal mechanism that could enable combination therapy with fluconazole, one of today's most commonly prescribed fungal infection treatments. [More]
Pancreatic cancer cells find alternative source of nutrition to avoid starvation

Pancreatic cancer cells find alternative source of nutrition to avoid starvation

Pancreatic cancer cells avert starvation in dense tumors by ordering nearby support cells to supply them with an alternative source of nutrition. [More]
Research findings could provide framework for understanding fertilization mechanism

Research findings could provide framework for understanding fertilization mechanism

A Japanese research group has determined the crystal structure of the JUNO protein, an egg surface protein essential for fertilization. These structure-based mutational analyses elucidated a mechanism of the interaction between egg (JUNO protein) and sperm (IZUMO1) on a molecular level. [More]
TSRI scientists zoom in to view how experimental therapy ZMapp targets Ebola virus

TSRI scientists zoom in to view how experimental therapy ZMapp targets Ebola virus

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute now have a high-resolution view of exactly how the experimental therapy ZMapp targets Ebola virus. [More]
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