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Study finds link between alcohol use and risky sexual encounters among young women

In-depth interviews conducted by researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine of 20 young women attending an urban sexually transmitted disease clinic have documented a variety of unexpected, unintended sexual encounters linked to their alcohol use before sex occurs. [More]
New research shows gastric bypass surgery lowers alcohol tolerance in women

New research shows gastric bypass surgery lowers alcohol tolerance in women

Women who have gastric bypass surgery to lose weight should keep a close eye on their alcohol consumption, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. [More]
PHI model helps identify top health risks associated with chronic diseases

PHI model helps identify top health risks associated with chronic diseases

Public health agencies across the globe are challenged with preventing the spread of chronic diseases while dealing with limited funds and devastating budget cuts. [More]
PEth biomarker significantly higher in binge drinkers

PEth biomarker significantly higher in binge drinkers

A biomarker found in the blood of alcohol users is significantly higher in binge drinkers than in those who consume alcohol moderately, according to a study by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago. The biomarker, called phosphatidylethanol (PEth), could be used to screen young adults for harmful or heavy drinking such as binge drinking. [More]

States with more restrictive alcohol policies have lower rates of drunk driving

States with more restrictive alcohol policies and regulations have lower rates of self-reported drunk driving, according to a new study by researchers at the Boston University schools of public health and medicine and the University of Minnesota School of Public Health. [More]
Brain protein key to binge drinking? An interview with Dr. Candice Contet

Brain protein key to binge drinking? An interview with Dr. Candice Contet

Alcohol binge drinking is mostly driven by positive reinforcement, a process in which a rewarding experience (e.g., the euphoria one feels when intoxicated) strengthens the behaviour leading to this experience (e.g., going to a bar). [More]
U.S. states with stronger alcohol policies have lower rates of youth drinking

U.S. states with stronger alcohol policies have lower rates of youth drinking

A new study by Boston University and Boston Medical Center researchers reveals that U.S. states with stronger alcohol policies have lower rates of youth overall drinking and binge drinking. The study's results, published in the journal Pediatrics, further suggest that the link is largely a result of policies intended mostly for adults and their effects on reducing adult binge drinking. [More]
Brain protein plays key role in controlling binge drinking

Brain protein plays key role in controlling binge drinking

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have discovered that a brain protein has a key role in controlling binge drinking in animal models. They found that deleting the gene for this protein in mice ramped up alcohol consumption and prevented the brain from signaling the rewarding properties of alcohol. [More]
Energy drink manufacturers market their products on TV channels that appeal to teen audiences

Energy drink manufacturers market their products on TV channels that appeal to teen audiences

Though the Academy of Pediatrics advises against the consumption of energy drinks by teens, researchers at Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center found that manufacturers market the bulk of their products on television channels that likely appeal to teen audiences. [More]
Study: Government anti-drinking campaigns irrelevant to young binge drinkers

Study: Government anti-drinking campaigns irrelevant to young binge drinkers

Government advertising campaigns to tackle excessive drinking are dismissed as irrelevant by young binge drinkers, because consuming extreme quantities of alcohol is part of their sub-cultural social identity, according to research published this week (18th March) in the Journal of Business Research. [More]
Naturally-occurring protein in the brain can curb binge alcohol drinking

Naturally-occurring protein in the brain can curb binge alcohol drinking

A new study led by University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers has found that a naturally-occurring protein in the brain can act to suppress binge alcohol drinking, a major public health problem estimated to cost the U.S. more than $170 billion each year. [More]
Raising sale age for tobacco products to 21 may prevent adolescents from taking up smoking

Raising sale age for tobacco products to 21 may prevent adolescents from taking up smoking

Raising the minimum age to buy cigarettes to 21 would save lives by preventing adolescents from ever taking up smoking, a new report suggests. [More]
Health campaigns should focus on benefits of abstaining, says study

Health campaigns should focus on benefits of abstaining, says study

Campaigns to get young people to drink less should focus on the benefits of not drinking and how it can be achieved, a new study suggests. [More]
Alcohol drinking pattern influences risk of cirrhosis

Alcohol drinking pattern influences risk of cirrhosis

Approximately 170,000 people die from alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver in Europe every year. Although alcohol is the most important risk factor, less is known about the significance of different patterns of drinking. Currently scientists believe that cirrhosis is a function of the volume of alcohol consumed irrespective of patterns of drinking. Investigators have now established that alcohol drinking pattern has a significant influence on the risk of cirrhosis and that daily drinking increases that risk compared with drinking less frequently. [More]
Exposure to alcohol TV ads associated with underage drinking

Exposure to alcohol TV ads associated with underage drinking

Seeing and liking alcohol advertising on television among underage youths was associated with the onset of drinking, binge drinking and hazardous drinking, according to a study by researchers at the Norris Cotton Cancer Center and Children's Hospital at Dartmouth-Hitchcock published online by JAMA Pediatrics. [More]
Moderate drinking may reduce heart failure risk

Moderate drinking may reduce heart failure risk

Evidence already exists for the beneficial effects of drinking moderate amounts of alcohol on the risk of developing a number of heart conditions; however, the role it plays in the risk of developing heart failure has been under-researched with conflicting results. [More]
Study finds that binge drinking can significantly disrupt immune system

Study finds that binge drinking can significantly disrupt immune system

Binge drinking in young, healthy adults significantly disrupts the immune system, according to a study led by a researcher now at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. [More]
Study finds link between contraband cigarette and illicit drug use among teens in Canada

Study finds link between contraband cigarette and illicit drug use among teens in Canada

A University of Alberta economics professor has discovered a link between contraband cigarette use and illicit drug use among Canadian teens. [More]
New report finds that American children are generally safer, better-educated

New report finds that American children are generally safer, better-educated

American children are generally safer and better-educated than they have been in 20 years, a new report from Duke University finds. [More]
National survey shows decrease in alcohol, cigarette and illicit drug use among U.S. teens

National survey shows decrease in alcohol, cigarette and illicit drug use among U.S. teens

A national survey of students in U.S. middle schools and high schools shows some important improvements in levels of substance use. [More]
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