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A biomarker is a biological molecule found in blood, other body fluids, or tissues that is a sign of a normal or abnormal process, or of a condition or disease. A biomarker may be used to see how well the body responds to a treatment for a disease or condition. Also called molecular marker and signature molecule.
Defects in mitochondria play key role in transition of normal cells to cancerous cells

Defects in mitochondria play key role in transition of normal cells to cancerous cells

Cancer cells defy the rules by which normal cells abide. They can divide without cease, invade distant tissues and consume glucose at abnormal rates. [More]
New research shows that pupil response can predict child's risk of depression

New research shows that pupil response can predict child's risk of depression

How much a child's pupil dilates in response to seeing an emotional image can predict his or her risk of depression over the next two years, according to new research from Binghamton University. [More]
Changes in key biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease during midlife may help predict future dementia risk

Changes in key biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease during midlife may help predict future dementia risk

Studying brain scans and cerebrospinal fluid of healthy adults, scientists have shown that changes in key biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease during midlife may help identify those who will develop dementia years later, according to new research. [More]
More support for amyloidosis as earliest AD biomarker

More support for amyloidosis as earliest AD biomarker

A longitudinal study of people with autosomal dominant Alzheimer’s disease shows that β-amyloid deposition begins well before neurodegeneration and cognitive decline. [More]
ALS ACT initiative to speed discovery of new ALS treatments

ALS ACT initiative to speed discovery of new ALS treatments

The ALS Association and the ALS Finding a Cure Foundation are pleased to announce $3 million in funding for two new Phase II clinical studies through the ALS Accelerated Therapeutics (ALS ACT) initiative. [More]
University of Georgia's Lynn Bailey leads international paper on folate biomarkers

University of Georgia's Lynn Bailey leads international paper on folate biomarkers

A University of Georgia researcher is lead author on an international paper on folate biomarkers as part of an initiative to provide evidence-based guidance for the global nutrition and public health community. [More]
Nuclea and Aelan partner to develop, commercialize novel biomarker tests using STEM cells as models

Nuclea and Aelan partner to develop, commercialize novel biomarker tests using STEM cells as models

Nuclea Biotechnologies Inc. announced today that it is partnering with Aelan Cell Technologies Inc. (San Francisco, California) for the development, validation and commercialization of novel biomarker tests and companion diagnostics using human STEM cells as models. [More]
Study supports need for diagnostic analysis of germline and tumor biomarker information

Study supports need for diagnostic analysis of germline and tumor biomarker information

A core tenet of precision medicine is that predictive biomarkers can enhance therapeutic decision-making. In a new pilot study, scientists at Molecular Health analyzed a randomly selected set of 250 patients with solid tumors and detected predictive biomarkers in more than 85% of tumors. [More]
BioClinica expands presence in Europe

BioClinica expands presence in Europe

BioClinica, Inc., the world's leading specialty clinical trial service provider, announced today the opening of new and expanded offices in London and Munich to better serve its growing client base in Europe. [More]
New species of tRNA-derived small RNAs contribute to cell proliferation in cancer

New species of tRNA-derived small RNAs contribute to cell proliferation in cancer

Since their discovery in the 1950s, transfer RNAs (tRNAs) have been best known for their role in helping the cell make proteins from messenger RNA templates. However, recent studies have led to a previously-unsuspected concept that tRNAs are not always the end product; namely, they further serve as a source of small RNAs. [More]
Researchers identify better way to screen for lung cancer

Researchers identify better way to screen for lung cancer

The Valley Hospital in Ridgewood, NJ, is pleased to announce that two of its oncologists and a research scientist are helping pave the way to an easier, more accurate, less invasive way to screen for the most common form of lung cancer. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in men worldwide and the number one cancer killer in the United States. [More]
Scientists examine rates of secondary mutations in biomarker genes

Scientists examine rates of secondary mutations in biomarker genes

Many tests for predictive biomarkers in tumors focus on selected known mutations or regions (e.g. hotspot panels). In a new study, scientists at Molecular Health examined the rates of secondary mutations in known biomarker genes and their potential impact on the diagnostic reliability of specific single-nucleotide variant (SNV) biomarker testing. [More]
Hartmuth Kolb named recipient of 2015 Alzheimer Award

Hartmuth Kolb named recipient of 2015 Alzheimer Award

The Journal of Alzheimer's Disease is proud to announce that Hartmuth Kolb, PhD, Head of Neuroscience Biomarkers, Johnson & Johnson, San Diego, CA, has been chosen as the recipient of the 2015 Alzheimer Award presented by the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease in recognition of his outstanding work on the importance and imaging of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). [More]
Weight loss, combined with vitamin D supplements, reduces chronic inflammation

Weight loss, combined with vitamin D supplements, reduces chronic inflammation

For the first time, researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have found that weight loss, in combination with vitamin D supplementation, has a greater effect on reducing chronic inflammation than weight loss alone. Chronic inflammation is known to contribute to the development and progression of several diseases, including some cancers. [More]
E2F4 biomarker can help predict prognosis and response to BCG therapy in bladder cancer

E2F4 biomarker can help predict prognosis and response to BCG therapy in bladder cancer

Investigators from Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center harnessed genomic data to discover that the previously identified E2F4 signature in breast cancer can be utilized to predict prognosis and response to therapy in bladder cancer. [More]
Immune Pharmaceuticals begins bertilimumab Phase II clinical trials in Bullous Pemphigoid, Ulcerative Colitis

Immune Pharmaceuticals begins bertilimumab Phase II clinical trials in Bullous Pemphigoid, Ulcerative Colitis

Immune Pharmaceuticals Inc. announced today that it has initiated its Phase II Ulcerative Colitis clinical trial and is scheduled to initiate its Phase II Bullous Pemphigoid clinical trial on July 1, 2015. Study Initiation is the training of hospital staff to allow for patient screening and immediate patient enrollment into the clinical trial upon selection. [More]
Weight loss along with vitamin D supplementation reduces chronic inflammation

Weight loss along with vitamin D supplementation reduces chronic inflammation

For the first time, researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have found that weight loss, in combination with vitamin D supplementation, has a greater effect on reducing chronic inflammation than weight loss alone. [More]
Sugar-gobbling enzyme helps restore normal function in heart muscles of diabetic rats

Sugar-gobbling enzyme helps restore normal function in heart muscles of diabetic rats

Working with heart muscle cells from diabetic rats, scientists at Johns Hopkins have located what they say is the epicenter of mischief wreaked by too much blood sugar and used a sugar-gobbling enzyme to restore normal function in the glucose-damaged cells of animal heart muscles. [More]
Gene-encoded protein may be effective in early detection of pancreatic cancer

Gene-encoded protein may be effective in early detection of pancreatic cancer

A protein encoded by the gene glypican-1 (GPC1) present on cancer exosomes may be used as part of a potential non-invasive diagnostic and screening tool to detect early pancreatic cancer, potentially at a stage amenable to surgical treatment, according to a study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. [More]
New study aims to raise awareness of Parkinson’s disease, improve quality of life

New study aims to raise awareness of Parkinson’s disease, improve quality of life

Raising awareness of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) and improving the quality of life for sufferers is the aim of a new study at Griffith University. [More]
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