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Blood sugar concentration, or glucose level, refers to the amount of glucose present in the blood of a human or animal. Normally, in mammals the blood glucose level is maintained at a reference range between about 3.6 and 5.8 mM (mmol/l). It is tightly regulated as a part of metabolic homeostasis.
Cinnamon treatment turns poor-learning mice into good ones, research shows

Cinnamon treatment turns poor-learning mice into good ones, research shows

If Dr. Kalipada Pahan's research pans out, the standard advice for failing students might one day be: Study harder and eat your cinnamon! [More]
SHIP1 inhibition prevents excess weight gain, improves blood sugar control in mice

SHIP1 inhibition prevents excess weight gain, improves blood sugar control in mice

Obesity can cause a variety of health complications in affected individuals. Several lines of evidence support an association between chronic inflammation in adipose tissue and obesity complications. [More]
Risk of hypoglycemia differs between SU agents, study reveals

Risk of hypoglycemia differs between SU agents, study reveals

Adding sulphonylureas (SUs) to metformin remains a commonly used strategy for treating type 2 diabetes, but individual SUs differ and may confer different risks of abnormally low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia. SUs-which include newer generation agents such as gliclazide, glipizide, glimepiride, and glibenclamide-stimulate the production of insulin in the pancreas and increase the effectiveness of insulin in the body. [More]
Breastfeeding leads to long-term metabolic changes in mothers, study shows

Breastfeeding leads to long-term metabolic changes in mothers, study shows

An interdisciplinary team of scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum M√ľnchen has studied the metabolism of women with gestational diabetes after giving birth. [More]
Eating more healthy fats may lower type 2 diabetes risk

Eating more healthy fats may lower type 2 diabetes risk

Eating more unsaturated fats, especially polyunsaturated fats, in place of either dietary carbohydrate or saturated fats lowers blood sugar levels and improves insulin resistance and secretion, according to a new meta-analysis of data from 102 randomised controlled feeding trials in adults. [More]
Preventable hospitalisation from diabetic foot disease costing Australia millions of dollars

Preventable hospitalisation from diabetic foot disease costing Australia millions of dollars

New research from QUT shows preventable hospitalisation from diabetic foot disease is costing Australia hundreds of millions of dollars each year. [More]
Older Japanese patients exhibit most resilience after triple disaster, study reveals

Older Japanese patients exhibit most resilience after triple disaster, study reveals

Research into the aftermath of the Fukushima earthquake, tsunami and subsequent nuclear meltdown found that the oldest were least likely to experience a deterioration of existing chronic conditions. [More]
New analysis finds rise in hospital admissions for avoidable complication of diabetes

New analysis finds rise in hospital admissions for avoidable complication of diabetes

Hospital admissions for a short-term and avoidable complication of diabetes have risen by 39 per cent in the last ten years, a new analysis has concluded. [More]
Study finds increasing trends in hospital admissions for hypoglycaemia

Study finds increasing trends in hospital admissions for hypoglycaemia

Hospital admissions for a short-term and avoidable complication of diabetes have risen by 39 per cent in the last ten years, a new analysis has concluded. [More]
Researchers use microfluidic chip to study how adipose stem cells develop into mature fat cells

Researchers use microfluidic chip to study how adipose stem cells develop into mature fat cells

A Freiburg-based research group has developed a microfluidic chip where more than one hundred apidose-derived adult stem cell cultures can grow and divide. In the human body, adipose tissue acts as a primary energy store. [More]
Diabetic patients inspire family members, study finds

Diabetic patients inspire family members, study finds

Better outcomes may be possible if family members receive support to help their loved ones with diabetes, according to the DAWN2 study, with analysis led by a Penn State College of Medicine researcher. [More]
Manipulation of gut microbes can reverse negative effects of high fat diet, researchers find

Manipulation of gut microbes can reverse negative effects of high fat diet, researchers find

Did you know that your gut sends neural messages to the brain to tell it when it is full? Researchers at the University of Georgia, Binghamton University, and Pennsylvania State University have now found that chronic consumption of high fat foods disturbs these neural messages in rats by shifting the populations of bacteria that ordinarily reside inside the gut. [More]
Prevalence of global diabetes has been vastly underestimated, say Monash researchers

Prevalence of global diabetes has been vastly underestimated, say Monash researchers

A landmark paper led by Monash University with partners in the UK and US suggests there may be more than 100 million people with diabetes globally than previously thought. [More]
New study identifies four subtypes of human insulin producing beta cells involved in diabetes

New study identifies four subtypes of human insulin producing beta cells involved in diabetes

A new study led by nationally prominent stem cell scientist Markus Grompe, M.D., has determined the existence of at least four separate subtypes of human insulin producing beta cells that may be important in the understanding and treatment of diabetes. The findings were published online today in the journal Nature Communications. [More]
Thousands of volunteers join clinical trial to help transform early detection of diabetic eye disease

Thousands of volunteers join clinical trial to help transform early detection of diabetic eye disease

More than 4,500 people from Liverpool with diabetes have volunteered to join a clinical trial funded by the National Institute for Health Research to help transform early detection of diabetic eye disease. [More]
Medical marijuana reduces use of prescription drugs, research finds

Medical marijuana reduces use of prescription drugs, research finds

Medical marijuana is having a positive impact on the bottom line of Medicare's prescription drug benefit program in states that have legalized its use for medicinal purposes, according to University of Georgia researchers in a study published today in the July issue of Health Affairs. [More]
Electrically-powered bicycles can improve fitness levels and cardiovascular health of riders

Electrically-powered bicycles can improve fitness levels and cardiovascular health of riders

A new University of Colorado Boulder study shows that using an electrically-powered bicycle on a regular basis can provide riders with an effective workout while improving some aspects of cardiovascular health, especially for riders who previously had been sedentary. [More]
IQWiG study: HBOT shows neither hint of benefit nor of harm in people with diabetic foot

IQWiG study: HBOT shows neither hint of benefit nor of harm in people with diabetic foot

If people with a diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) receive hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in addition to conventional treatment, this can promote wound healing. However, the certainty of conclusions of the available study results is restricted. [More]
Liraglutide drug lowers blood sugar levels in diabetic patients taking large doses of insulin

Liraglutide drug lowers blood sugar levels in diabetic patients taking large doses of insulin

When Amy Sweat was 19 years old, while she was in the hospital recovering from surgery, she was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Ms. Sweat was treated for her diabetes, first on oral drugs, then on increasingly larger doses of insulin, but the years went by and she never was able to achieve good blood sugar control. [More]
Pediatric endocrinologist outlines top summertime tips for kids with Type 1 diabetes

Pediatric endocrinologist outlines top summertime tips for kids with Type 1 diabetes

For kids, the perfect summer can mean sleeping in, eating whenever hunger strikes, playing outdoors in the sun, swimming and staying up late. But for children with Type 1 diabetes, all of the above, and the general lack of schedule, can wreak havoc with their blood sugar levels. [More]
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