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Socioeconomic status impacts cardiovascular outcomes in diabetes

Socioeconomic status impacts cardiovascular outcomes in diabetes

Patients with Type 2 diabetes are at a particularly high risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes if they have low socioeconomic status, a registry study from Sweden shows. [More]
Canadian study reveals who benefits most from cardiac rehab program

Canadian study reveals who benefits most from cardiac rehab program

Toronto Rehab researchers have discovered a new approach for determining which patient populations benefit most from cardiac rehabilitation. [More]
Vitamin D sufficiency linked to better pancreatic cancer survival

Vitamin D sufficiency linked to better pancreatic cancer survival

Survival is improved in pancreatic cancer patients with sufficient versus deficient plasma levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, as assessed prior to diagnosis. [More]
Benign brain tumors less likely to emerge in people with high blood sugar

Benign brain tumors less likely to emerge in people with high blood sugar

In a surprising twist, benign brain tumors that have previously been tied to obesity and diabetes are less likely to emerge in those with high blood sugar, new research has found. [More]
Diabetic mothers three times more likely to have anti-fetal brain autoantibodies

Diabetic mothers three times more likely to have anti-fetal brain autoantibodies

Mothers of children with autism and were diagnosed with metabolic conditions during pregnancy, particularly gestational and type 2 diabetes, were more likely to have anti-fetal brain autoantibodies in their blood compared to healthy women of children with autism. [More]
Overweight in adolescence portends early heart failure

Overweight in adolescence portends early heart failure

A study of Swedish army conscripts shows that men who have an increased body mass index (BMI) at the age of 18 years risk early heart failure. And the increased risk began at a BMI gener ... [More]
Obese teenagers more likely to develop heart failure in early middle age

Obese teenagers more likely to develop heart failure in early middle age

Research that followed more than 1.6 million Swedish men from adolescence onwards between 1968 and 2005 has shown that those who were overweight as teenagers were more likely to develop heart failure in early middle age. [More]
Sleep-disordered breathing increases cardiovascular risk in ACS patients

Sleep-disordered breathing increases cardiovascular risk in ACS patients

Sleep-disordered breathing is an important risk factor for major adverse cardiocerebrovascular events among patients with acute coronary syndromes, Japanese research shows. [More]
Surgical treatment more effective than medical therapy for treating severely obese adolescents

Surgical treatment more effective than medical therapy for treating severely obese adolescents

An analysis of the results of a study of bariatric surgery and a separate trial of medical therapy in treating type 2 diabetes in teenagers with severe obesity shows that after two years of treatment, body mass index (BMI) and HbA1c, a measure of blood sugar control, are both significantly better with surgery. [More]
Researchers suggest shorter HF-WBI course as preferred option for early-stage breast cancer patients

Researchers suggest shorter HF-WBI course as preferred option for early-stage breast cancer patients

Early-stage breast cancer patients receiving a shorter course of whole breast radiation with higher radiation doses per fraction reported equivalent cosmetic, functional and pain outcomes over time as those receiving a longer, lower-dose per fraction course of treatment, according to researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. [More]
Brain's reward system in obese people operates differently in response to food and dopamine

Brain's reward system in obese people operates differently in response to food and dopamine

As young people reach adulthood, their preferences for sweet foods typically decline. But for people with obesity, new research suggests that the drop-off may not be as steep and that the brain's reward system operates differently in obese people than in thinner people, which may play a role in this phenomenon. [More]
FDA approves novel stomach-draining device to treat obesity

FDA approves novel stomach-draining device to treat obesity

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a new obesity treatment device that uses a surgically-placed tube to drain a portion of the stomach contents after every meal. [More]
Weight reduction surgery improves serum lipids in obese patients

Weight reduction surgery improves serum lipids in obese patients

Fifty years after the first reported partial-ileal bypass, metabolic surgery has an established role in achieving weight loss and reducing cardiovascular death in obese patients. [More]
Adequate maternal folate may protect children from future obesity risk

Adequate maternal folate may protect children from future obesity risk

Proper maternal folate levels during pregnancy may protect children from a future risk of obesity, especially those born to obese mothers, according to a study led by researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health. [More]
Early-life peanut consumption feasible and nutritionally safe for children, study finds

Early-life peanut consumption feasible and nutritionally safe for children, study finds

Introducing peanut-containing foods during infancy as a peanut allergy prevention strategy does not compromise the duration of breastfeeding or affect children's growth and nutritional intakes, new findings show. [More]
Air pollution becomes leading risk factor for stroke worldwide

Air pollution becomes leading risk factor for stroke worldwide

Air pollution – including environmental and household air pollution - has emerged as a leading risk factor for stroke worldwide, associated with about a third of the global burden of stroke in 2013, according to a new study published in The Lancet Neurology journal. [More]
Body composition and caloric intake can influence sleep quality

Body composition and caloric intake can influence sleep quality

The old adage "you are what you eat," may be better phrased as "your sleep relates to what you eat." [More]
Liraglutide enhances high-dose insulin treatment in Type 2 diabetes

Liraglutide enhances high-dose insulin treatment in Type 2 diabetes

The addition of the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist liraglutide improves short-term outcomes and treatment satisfaction in patients who have uncontrolled Type 2 diabetes despite high doses of insulin, shows a randomised trial. [More]
Smoking, obesity lower chances of achieving sustained remission in early RA patients

Smoking, obesity lower chances of achieving sustained remission in early RA patients

The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress showed that the likelihood of achieving sustained remission in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is significantly lower in patients who smoke and who are obese. [More]
Late sleep timing linked to lower BMI, poorer diet quality and lower physical activity

Late sleep timing linked to lower BMI, poorer diet quality and lower physical activity

A new study suggests that among healthy adults with a habitual sleep duration of at least 6.5 hours, late sleep timing was associated with higher fast food consumption and lower vegetable intake, particularly among men, as well as lower physical activity. [More]
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