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The human brain is the center of the human nervous system and is a highly complex organ. Enclosed in the cranium, it has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but is over three times as large as the brain of a typical mammal with an equivalent body size.
UC biologists use frog models to study how early stressors may play role in onset of adult diseases

UC biologists use frog models to study how early stressors may play role in onset of adult diseases

UC biologists have turned to amphibian sources -- specifically frogs and tadpoles -- to help shed light on how early stressors in the womb and shortly after birth may play a part in the onset of adult diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. [More]
RIT research explores impact of shear stress on cells moving through blood vessels

RIT research explores impact of shear stress on cells moving through blood vessels

How do cells and protein molecules respond to stress as they travel through blood vessels? Could resulting changes to these biological components impact how diseases are spread? [More]
Scientists harness rabies viruses for assessing connectivity of nerve cell transplants

Scientists harness rabies viruses for assessing connectivity of nerve cell transplants

Scientists under the leadership of the University of Bonn have harnessed rabies viruses for assessing the connectivity of nerve cell transplants: coupled with a green fluorescent protein, the viruses show where replacement cells engrafted into mouse brains have connected to the host neural network. [More]
Study shows structural impact of membrane lipids on medically relevant serotonin transporters

Study shows structural impact of membrane lipids on medically relevant serotonin transporters

Neurotransmitter transporters are some of the most popular transport proteins in research as they play a major role in the processing of signals in the brain. A joint study by TU Wien and the Medical University of Vienna has now successfully demonstrated for the first time the structural impact of membrane lipids on medically relevant serotonin transporters. [More]
Mandarin speakers have musical pitch at much earlier age than previously thought

Mandarin speakers have musical pitch at much earlier age than previously thought

Mandarin makes you more musical - and at a much earlier age than previously thought. That's the suggestion of a new study from the University of California San Diego. But hold on there, overachiever parents, don't' rush just yet to sign your kids up for Chinese lessons instead of piano. [More]
New research provides insight into how estrogen modulates fear learning

New research provides insight into how estrogen modulates fear learning

Low estrogen levels may make women more susceptible to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at some points in their menstrual cycles or lifetimes, while high estrogen levels may be protective. [More]
New way of repurposing existing drugs could unearth promising treatments for Parkinson’s disease

New way of repurposing existing drugs could unearth promising treatments for Parkinson’s disease

By bringing together cutting-edge stem cell technologies and computational biology, researchers at Oxford University have developed a unique way to identify existing drugs that could potentially be repurposed for treating Parkinson’s. [More]
Neurofeedback combined with biofeedback could help treat congenital disorder

Neurofeedback combined with biofeedback could help treat congenital disorder

Proper brain function occurs when both sides of the brain communicate without interruption and work together. If the brain has a communication problem, major cognitive, motor, and social issues can occur. [More]
Study identifies molecular signals that maintain nerve cell structures in the adult brain

Study identifies molecular signals that maintain nerve cell structures in the adult brain

Humans and other vertebrates depend on a portion of the brain called the hippocampus for learning, memory and their sense of location. Nerve cell structures in the adult hippocampus are sustained by factors whose identities have remained largely mysterious so far. [More]
Researchers show how adult learning is impaired in females using mouse models of Rett syndrome

Researchers show how adult learning is impaired in females using mouse models of Rett syndrome

Neurodevelopmental disorders like autism very likely have their origin at the dawn of life, with the emergence of inappropriate connectivity between nerve cells in the brain. [More]
Researchers uncover how stress hormone prevents digestive enzymes from damaging pancreas

Researchers uncover how stress hormone prevents digestive enzymes from damaging pancreas

UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have uncovered the mechanism by which the stress hormone FGF21 keeps digestive enzymes from damaging the pancreas. [More]
Mapping premature infant's brain after birth may help better predict developmental problems

Mapping premature infant's brain after birth may help better predict developmental problems

Scanning a premature infant's brain shortly after birth to map the location and volume of lesions, small areas of injury in the brain's white matter, may help doctors better predict whether the baby will have disabilities later, according to a new study published in the January 18, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. [More]
Study shows multiplying effects of delirium and dementia in older patients

Study shows multiplying effects of delirium and dementia in older patients

When hospitalised, people can become acutely confused and disorientated. This condition, known as delirium, affects a quarter of older patients and new research by UCL and the University of Cambridge shows it may have long-lasting consequences, including accelerating the dementia process. [More]
Scientists discover adverse, unpredictable side effects of approved MS therapy

Scientists discover adverse, unpredictable side effects of approved MS therapy

The multiple sclerosis (MS) therapy alemtuzumab can trigger severe, unpredictable side effects. [More]
MRI as a new tool for MS, with the help of Siemens Healthineers and Biogen

MRI as a new tool for MS, with the help of Siemens Healthineers and Biogen

Siemens Healthineers and Biogen announced today that the companies plan to jointly develop Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) applications with the intent of quantifying key markers of multiple sclerosis (MS) disease activity and progression. Biogen is a leading biotechnology company with a deep focus on neurological and autoimmune conditions, which for two decades has been at the forefront of delivering therapies to MS patients. [More]
Scientists discover new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety

Scientists discover new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety

Researchers have made a ground-breaking discovery revealing new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety. [More]
BetterYou magnesium can raise cellular mineral levels faster than traditional tablets

BetterYou magnesium can raise cellular mineral levels faster than traditional tablets

Low magnesium levels are leading to a worrying level of undissolved calcium and increased heavy metal toxicity which can severely impact on our health and wellbeing, say mineral analysis experts. [More]
Study challenges concept of gender differences in the human brain

Study challenges concept of gender differences in the human brain

How different are men and women's brains? The latest evidence to address this controversy comes from a study at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, where a meta-analysis of human amygdala volumes found no significant difference between the sexes. [More]
Heavy adolescent drinking alters cortical excitability and functional connectivity in the brain

Heavy adolescent drinking alters cortical excitability and functional connectivity in the brain

Long-term heavy use of alcohol in adolescence alters cortical excitability and functional connectivity in the brain, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital. [More]
New ‘5-D fingerprint’ technique could precisely measure properties of individual protein molecules

New ‘5-D fingerprint’ technique could precisely measure properties of individual protein molecules

In research that could one day lead to advances against neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, University of Michigan engineering researchers have demonstrated a technique for precisely measuring the properties of individual protein molecules floating in a liquid. [More]
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