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The human brain is the center of the human nervous system and is a highly complex organ. Enclosed in the cranium, it has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but is over three times as large as the brain of a typical mammal with an equivalent body size.
Working memory may be underlying mechanism of cognitive reserve in MS

Working memory may be underlying mechanism of cognitive reserve in MS

Kessler Foundation scientists have shown that working memory may be an underlying mechanism of cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis (MS). [More]
Study shows xenon gas treatment reduces brain damage after head injury

Study shows xenon gas treatment reduces brain damage after head injury

Treatment with xenon gas after a head injury reduces the extent of brain damage, according to a study in mice. [More]
People with multiple sclerosis lose myelin in gray matter

People with multiple sclerosis lose myelin in gray matter

People with multiple sclerosis (MS) lose myelin in the gray matter of their brains and the loss is closely correlated with the severity of the disease, according to a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study. [More]
New way to preserve flexibility and resilience of the brain

New way to preserve flexibility and resilience of the brain

As Alzheimer's disease progresses, it kills brain cells mainly in the hippocampus and cortex, leading to impairments in "neuroplasticity," the mechanism that affects learning, memory, and thinking. [More]
Sex hormone that helps protect females from stroke may also reduce risk of autism, say scientists

Sex hormone that helps protect females from stroke may also reduce risk of autism, say scientists

The same sex hormone that helps protect females from stroke may also reduce their risk of autism, scientists say. [More]
People can become addicted to eating but not to consuming foods high in sugar or fat

People can become addicted to eating but not to consuming foods high in sugar or fat

People can become addicted to eating for its own sake but not to consuming specific foods such as those high in sugar or fat, research suggests. [More]
Aerobic activities before school help reduce symptoms of ADHD in children

Aerobic activities before school help reduce symptoms of ADHD in children

Paying attention all day in school as a kid isn't easy, especially for those who are at a higher risk of ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. [More]
Neurologists implant neurostimulator in brain to control seizures

Neurologists implant neurostimulator in brain to control seizures

It has been 30 days since neurologists at the University of Alabama at Birmingham turned on the neurostimulator implanted in Sarah Conner's brain to control her seizures. [More]
Research shown to increase chances of babies surviving neonatal resuscitation

Research shown to increase chances of babies surviving neonatal resuscitation

For several Edmonton parents, the work being done by University of Alberta researchers Po-Yin Cheung and Georg Schm-lzer could not be more meaningful. [More]
Alzheimer's disease report success in harnessing mouse's immune system to attack toxic proteins

Alzheimer's disease report success in harnessing mouse's immune system to attack toxic proteins

Alzheimer's disease experts at NYU Langone Medical Center and elsewhere are reporting success in specifically harnessing a mouse's immune system to attack and remove the buildup of toxic proteins in the brain that are markers of the deadly neurodegenerative disease. [More]
SLU researchers work to prevent several serious infectious diseases

SLU researchers work to prevent several serious infectious diseases

Saint Louis University researchers are attacking influenza on multiple fronts as they search for a universal vaccine that protects people from the flu virus that often mutates year to year with deadly consequences. [More]
Study ties eating in response to food cues to habit-forming region in obese adults

Study ties eating in response to food cues to habit-forming region in obese adults

People who are obese may be more susceptible to environmental food cues than their lean counterparts due to differences in brain chemistry that make eating more habitual and less rewarding, according to a National Institutes of Health study published in Molecular Psychiatry. [More]
Treatment with xenon gas after head injury reduces extent of brain damage

Treatment with xenon gas after head injury reduces extent of brain damage

Treatment with xenon gas after a head injury reduces the extent of brain damage, according to a study in mice. [More]
New discovery could help efforts to produce more effective vaccines

New discovery could help efforts to produce more effective vaccines

The best defense is a good offense, especially when it comes to the immune system. The troops that respond to an infection are split into two squadrons, and, until recently, it seemed that the two were independent, without much interaction. [More]
One year of CPAP therapy restores white matter, improves cognition and mood

One year of CPAP therapy restores white matter, improves cognition and mood

A neuroimaging study is the first to show that white matter damage caused by severe obstructive sleep apnea can be reversed by continuous positive airway pressure therapy. [More]
AMPK gene can slow aging process when activated remotely in key organ systems

AMPK gene can slow aging process when activated remotely in key organ systems

UCLA biologists have identified a gene that can slow the aging process throughout the entire body when activated remotely in key organ systems. [More]
FDA approves use of Menactra for booster vaccination against meningococcal disease

FDA approves use of Menactra for booster vaccination against meningococcal disease

Sanofi Pasteur, the vaccines division of Sanofi, announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved use of Menactra® [Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W-135) Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine] for booster vaccination against meningococcal disease in persons 15 years through 55 years of age. [More]
Canada funds 22 inventive ideas for improving health in low-resource countries

Canada funds 22 inventive ideas for improving health in low-resource countries

Grand Challenges Canada, funded by the Government of Canada, today announced $2.4 million in seed funds shared between 22 projects from Canada and nine developing nations, to pursue inventive new ideas for improving health in low-resource countries. [More]
Transparency Life receives SBIR program grant to fund Phase 2a proof-of-concept study for MS

Transparency Life receives SBIR program grant to fund Phase 2a proof-of-concept study for MS

Transparency Life Sciences, LLC (TLS), the world's first clinical-stage drug development company based on open innovation, today announced that it has received a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program grant to fund a Phase 2a proof-of-concept study testing the utility of the ACE inhibitor lisinopril as an adjunctive therapy for multiple sclerosis (MS). [More]
Codman reaches exclusive distribution agreement with Pulsar Vascular to market PulseRider

Codman reaches exclusive distribution agreement with Pulsar Vascular to market PulseRider

Codman Neuro, part of DePuy Synthes Companies of Johnson & Johnson, today announced it has reached an exclusive distribution agreement with Pulsar Vascular to market and promote that company's PulseRider® in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. [More]