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The human brain is the center of the human nervous system and is a highly complex organ. Enclosed in the cranium, it has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but is over three times as large as the brain of a typical mammal with an equivalent body size.
New study reports long-lasting cognitive impairments in mice after chemotherapy treatment

New study reports long-lasting cognitive impairments in mice after chemotherapy treatment

Women undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer have long complained of lingering cognitive impairments after treatment. [More]
Men experience greater pain relief than women after smoking marijuana, study finds

Men experience greater pain relief than women after smoking marijuana, study finds

Researchers from Columbia University Medical Center found that men had greater pain relief than women after smoking marijuana. [More]
TSRI scientists find evidence supporting new therapeutic strategy against cocaine addiction

TSRI scientists find evidence supporting new therapeutic strategy against cocaine addiction

An international team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute has found strong evidence supporting a new strategy against drug addiction. [More]
Researchers unravel mechanism by which hippocampal stem cells regulate their own fate

Researchers unravel mechanism by which hippocampal stem cells regulate their own fate

To date, it has been assumed that the differentiation of stem cells depends on the environment they are embedded in. [More]
Researchers receive $800,000 grant to reconnect neural communication between parts of the brain

Researchers receive $800,000 grant to reconnect neural communication between parts of the brain

Researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and the University of Colorado Boulder have won a $800,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to try and reconnect neural communication between parts of the brain where it has been severed. [More]
Yale study provides insight into how Zika virus may be transmitted from pregnant mother to fetus

Yale study provides insight into how Zika virus may be transmitted from pregnant mother to fetus

In a new study, Yale researchers demonstrate Zika virus infection of cells derived from human placentas. The research provides insight into how Zika virus may be transmitted from expectant mother to fetus, resulting in infection of the fetal brain. [More]
Cell therapy product can accelerate brain remyelination in mice

Cell therapy product can accelerate brain remyelination in mice

Demyelinating diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and leukodystrophy, are characterized by damage to the protective myelin sheath that surrounds the axons of neurons. [More]
Next generation wearables for health monitoring: an interview with Dr Steven LeBoeuf

Next generation wearables for health monitoring: an interview with Dr Steven LeBoeuf

Wearables have proliferated in the marketplace, but there's still a lot of opportunity for growth. One of the ways in which wearables are limited is that people expect their wearables to really measure what they feel is important to be measured [More]
Novel marine natural product appears to reduce pancreatic tumor size

Novel marine natural product appears to reduce pancreatic tumor size

Scientists at Florida Atlantic University's Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute found that a deep-water marine sponge collected off of Fort Lauderdale's coast contains leiodermatolide, a natural product that has the ability to inhibit the growth of cancer cells as well as block cancer cells from dividing using extremely low concentrations of the compound. [More]
Study explores how LSD can affect speech and language

Study explores how LSD can affect speech and language

The consumption of LSD, short for lysergic acid diethylamide, can produce altered states of consciousness. [More]
Poor prenatal nutrition may be linked to ADHD symptoms and conduct problems in children

Poor prenatal nutrition may be linked to ADHD symptoms and conduct problems in children

New research led by scientists from King's College London and the University of Bristol has found that a high-fat, high-sugar diet during pregnancy may be linked to symptoms of ADHD in children who show conduct problems early in life. [More]
Salk researchers identify new mechanism for Alzheimer's risk gene

Salk researchers identify new mechanism for Alzheimer's risk gene

For decades, scientists have known that people with two copies of a gene called apolipoprotein E4 (ApoE4) are much more likely to have Alzheimer's disease at age 65 than the rest of the population. [More]
Research shows ketone esters increase exercise endurance, cognitive function in rats

Research shows ketone esters increase exercise endurance, cognitive function in rats

New research published online in The FASEB Journal shows that in rats, a substance called a ketone ester significantly increase exercise endurance, cognitive function and energy levels in the heart at high workloads. [More]
Many children treated for stroller or carrier-related injuries in U.S. hospitals, study finds

Many children treated for stroller or carrier-related injuries in U.S. hospitals, study finds

Although strollers and carriers are typically used to safely transport children, injuries do occur while using these products. [More]
Research shines more light on role of proteins in maintaining synaptic transmission

Research shines more light on role of proteins in maintaining synaptic transmission

Synapses are the power junctions that allow living creatures to function. Popularly associated with learning and memory, they play a more fundamental role in our existence by regulating everything from breathing, sleeping and waking and other bodily functions. [More]
Researchers find potential way to reduce effects of TBI with neuron-targeting nanoparticle

Researchers find potential way to reduce effects of TBI with neuron-targeting nanoparticle

A fall down the stairs, a car crash, a sports injury or an explosive blast can all cause traumatic brain injury (TBI). [More]
Schizophrenia vulnerability emerged after divergence of modern humans from Neanderthals

Schizophrenia vulnerability emerged after divergence of modern humans from Neanderthals

Schizophrenia poses an evolutionary enigma. The disorder has existed throughout recorded human history and persists despite its severe effects on thought and behavior, and its reduced rates of producing offspring. [More]
Researchers discover new biological mechanism involved in progressive hearing loss

Researchers discover new biological mechanism involved in progressive hearing loss

New research with funding from UK charity Action on Hearing Loss has led to the discovery of a new biological mechanism involved in the progressive loss of hearing which could lead to new approaches to treating this common form of hearing loss. [More]
Migraine patients differ from healthy people by increased vascular reactivity

Migraine patients differ from healthy people by increased vascular reactivity

A group of scientists from several Russian universities and medical centers made progress in explaining the nature of one of the most ancient neurologic diseases – migraine. The study was conducted within a larger project to develop a device capable of remotely and effectively diagnosing this disease. [More]
Study shows work productivity key in evaluating recovery of depressed patients

Study shows work productivity key in evaluating recovery of depressed patients

While medications can quickly reduce depressive symptoms, monitoring work productivity can provide unique insight into whether a patient will require additional treatments to achieve long-term remission, a new study through the Peter O'Donnell Jr. Brain Institute finds. [More]
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