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Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms new cells as you need them, replacing old cells that die. Sometimes this process goes wrong. New cells grow even when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should. These extra cells can form a mass called a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors can invade nearby tissues. They can also break away and spread to other parts of the body.

Most cancers are named for where they start. For example, lung cancer starts in the lung, and breast cancer starts in the breast. The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis. Symptoms and treatment depend on the cancer type and how advanced it is. Treatment plans may include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy.
Reseachers identify cellular ‘off’ switch for inflammatory immune response in asthma attacks

Reseachers identify cellular ‘off’ switch for inflammatory immune response in asthma attacks

Working with human immune cells in the laboratory, Johns Hopkins researchers report they have identified a critical cellular "off" switch for the inflammatory immune response that contributes to lung-constricting asthma attacks. [More]
New UGA research finds pathogen's motility activates immune response

New UGA research finds pathogen's motility activates immune response

Until now, a pathogen's ability to move through the body has been overlooked as a possible trigger of immune response, but new research from the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine found that motility will indeed alarm the host and activate an immune response. [More]
UC San Diego scientists reveal surprising role for Hippo pathway in subduing tumor immunogenicity

UC San Diego scientists reveal surprising role for Hippo pathway in subduing tumor immunogenicity

Previous studies identified the Hippo pathway kinases LATS1/2 as a tumor suppressor, but new research led by University of California San Diego School of Medicine scientists reveals a surprising role for these enzymes in subduing cancer immunity. The findings, published in Cell on December 1, could have a clinical role in improving efficiency of immunotherapy drugs. [More]
Scientists discover unique genomic changes integral to testicular cancer development

Scientists discover unique genomic changes integral to testicular cancer development

Researchers led by scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute say they have identified unique genomic changes that may be integral to testicular cancer development and explain why the great majority are highly curable with chemotherapy - unlike most solid tumors. [More]
Scientists discover molecular link between rare childhood genetic disease and major cancer gene

Scientists discover molecular link between rare childhood genetic disease and major cancer gene

A team of researchers led by a University of Rhode Island scientist has discovered an important molecular link between a rare childhood genetic disease, Fanconi anemia, and a major cancer gene called PTEN. [More]
Protective barrier inside chromosomes helps prevent errors during cell division, study finds

Protective barrier inside chromosomes helps prevent errors during cell division, study finds

Fresh insights into the structures that contain our genetic material could explain how the body's cells stay healthy. [More]
Study suggests new approach to treat white blood cells of sepsis patients

Study suggests new approach to treat white blood cells of sepsis patients

New research findings published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology, suggest that treating the white blood cells of sepsis patients with antibodies that block programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand (PD-L1) molecules may restore their function and ultimately their ability to eradicate deadly bacteria. [More]
OHSU scientists identify potential target for preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease

OHSU scientists identify potential target for preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease

A new scientific discovery may provide a future avenue for treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's disease. [More]
New device could revolutionize drug delivery to treat cancer and other diseases, study shows

New device could revolutionize drug delivery to treat cancer and other diseases, study shows

A new study by Lyle Hood, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio, describes a new device that could revolutionize the delivery of medicine to treat cancer as well as a host of other diseases and ailments. [More]
NASPGHAN clinical practice guidelines recommend screening test for NAFLD in obese children

NASPGHAN clinical practice guidelines recommend screening test for NAFLD in obese children

A screening test for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)--a serious condition that may have lifelong health consequences--is recommended for all obese children aged nine to eleven years, according to clinical practice guidelines developed by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and published in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. [More]
Researchers develop efficient computational method to create new drugs

Researchers develop efficient computational method to create new drugs

Researchers of the University of Barcelona have developed a more efficient computational method to identify new drugs. [More]
Treatment with biosimilar drug improves progression-free survival in breast cancer patients

Treatment with biosimilar drug improves progression-free survival in breast cancer patients

Among women with metastatic breast cancer, treatment with a drug that is biosimilar to the breast cancer drug trastuzumab resulted in an equivalent overall response rate at 24 weeks compared with trastuzumab, according to a study published online by JAMA. [More]
Researchers identify metabolite that promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition of colorectal cancer cells

Researchers identify metabolite that promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition of colorectal cancer cells

Osaka University researchers revealed that the metabolite D-2-hydroxyglurate (D-2HG) promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition of colorectal cancer cells, leading them to develop features of lower adherence to neighboring cells, increased invasiveness, and greater likelihood of metastatic spread. [More]
UA awarded $1.5 million funding for long-term study of cancer in firefighters

UA awarded $1.5 million funding for long-term study of cancer in firefighters

Researchers at the University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health will lead a collaborative project to develop the framework for a larger long-term study of cancer in firefighters. [More]
MSHS introduces DigniCap scalp cooling system to reduce chemotherapy-induced hair loss

MSHS introduces DigniCap scalp cooling system to reduce chemotherapy-induced hair loss

The Mount Sinai Health System announced the launch of the DigniCap scalp cooling system, which was recently cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to reduce the likelihood of chemotherapy-induced hair loss in women with breast cancer, in three of its cancer center locations. [More]
Researchers uncover new prognostic marker and possible therapeutic target for Ewing's sarcoma

Researchers uncover new prognostic marker and possible therapeutic target for Ewing's sarcoma

Researchers of the Sarcoma research group of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute, led by Dr. Òscar Martínez-Tirado, have first described the methylation profile of Ewing's sarcoma, a cancer of bone and soft tissues that mainly affects children and teenagers. [More]
New global network to explore link between genes and environmental factors to tackle health challenges

New global network to explore link between genes and environmental factors to tackle health challenges

A new global network linking leading research centres across the world has launched today to tackle some of the most pressing global health challenges of our time such as autism, cancer, diabetes and dementia. [More]
Combination treatment may be valuable therapeutic option for HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer

Combination treatment may be valuable therapeutic option for HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer

Finding the ideal combination of targeted, hormonal and chemotherapeutic agents to treat HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer has been challenging researchers for decades. [More]
Novel imaging technique shows promise to detect, monitor and guide therapy for prostate cancer

Novel imaging technique shows promise to detect, monitor and guide therapy for prostate cancer

An international group of researchers report success in mice of a method of using positron emission tomography scans to track, in real time, an antibody targeting a hormone receptor pathway specifically involved in prostate cancer. [More]
Alcohol consumption linked to higher risk of melanoma

Alcohol consumption linked to higher risk of melanoma

Alcohol intake was associated with higher rates of invasive melanoma among white men and women. [More]
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