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A carbohydrate is an organic compound with general formula C''m''(H2O)''n'', that is, consisting only of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, the last two in the 2:1 atom ratio. Carbohydrates can be viewed as hydrates of carbon, hence their name.
Flu remedies can help treat E. coli bacteria

Flu remedies can help treat E. coli bacteria

If the intestinal bacteria level becomes unbalanced, it can cause diseases. Physiologists from the University of Zurich reveal how a specific carbohydrate in the intestinal mucosa heavily multiplies certain E. coli bacteria and thus causes inflammations. These could be treated with flu remedies, which opens up new therapeutic possibilities. [More]
Researchers examine relationship between energy needs and 'pleasure' of eating in food intake

Researchers examine relationship between energy needs and 'pleasure' of eating in food intake

A team at the Laboratoire biologie fonctionnelle et adaptative (CNRS/Université Paris Diderot) investigated the relative role of energy needs and "pleasure" of eating in food intake. The researchers studied a group of neurons in mice. They observed that when the neuron activity is compromised, feeding behavior becomes less related to the body's metabolic needs and more dependent on food palatability. [More]
Energy-burning 'good' fat helps reduce weight gain, lower blood glucose levels in mice

Energy-burning 'good' fat helps reduce weight gain, lower blood glucose levels in mice

Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have developed a novel way to engineer the growth and expansion of energy-burning "good" fat, and then found that this fat helped reduce weight gain and lower blood glucose levels in mice. [More]
A hearty bowl of instant oatmeal helps control food intake at lunch

A hearty bowl of instant oatmeal helps control food intake at lunch

A new study revealed that your cereal choice at breakfast might have an impact on how much you eat for lunch. Newly published research in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition showed that a hearty bowl of instant oatmeal helped curb food intake at lunch better than a leading oat-based, cold cereal -- even when each bowl provided the same number of calories. [More]
Low-fat diets better than low-carb diets for weight loss, NIH study finds

Low-fat diets better than low-carb diets for weight loss, NIH study finds

In a recent study, restricting dietary fat led to body fat loss at a rate 68 percent higher than cutting the same number of carbohydrate calories when adults with obesity ate strictly controlled diets. Carb restriction lowered production of the fat-regulating hormone insulin and increased fat burning as expected, whereas fat restriction had no observed changes in insulin production or fat burning. [More]
Findings may lead to more accurate diagnostic test, possible vaccine for oral and genital herpes

Findings may lead to more accurate diagnostic test, possible vaccine for oral and genital herpes

Findings from a pair of new studies could speed up the development of a universally accurate diagnostic test for human herpes simplex viruses, according to researchers at Johns Hopkins and Harvard universities and the National Institutes of Health. [More]
Study: Dietary carbohydrate essential for evolution of modern big-brained humans

Study: Dietary carbohydrate essential for evolution of modern big-brained humans

Understanding how and why we evolved such large brains is one of the most puzzling issues in the study of human evolution. It is widely accepted that brain size increase is partly linked to changes in diet over the last 3 million years, and increases in meat consumption and the development of cooking have received particular attention from the scientific community. [More]
Diet high in refined carbohydrates may lead to depression risk in postmenopausal women

Diet high in refined carbohydrates may lead to depression risk in postmenopausal women

A diet high in refined carbohydrates may lead to an increased risk for new-onset depression in postmenopausal women, according to a study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. [More]
3D printed brain tissue could help fight brain disorders

3D printed brain tissue could help fight brain disorders

The brain is amazingly complex, with around 86 billion nerve cells. The challenge for researchers to create bench-top brain tissue from which they can learn about how the brain functions, is an extremely difficult one. [More]
Exalenz Bioscience, Galectin Therapeutics to use BreathID test to assess GR-MD-O2 efficacy in NASH Cirrhosis patients

Exalenz Bioscience, Galectin Therapeutics to use BreathID test to assess GR-MD-O2 efficacy in NASH Cirrhosis patients

Exalenz Bioscience, a leader in developing and marketing non-invasive medical devices for diagnosing and monitoring a range of gastrointestinal and liver diseases, today announced a collaboration with Galectin Therapeutics to use the BreathID test to monitor patients in a Phase II study evaluating GR-MD-02. [More]
Scientists chemically synthesize ECA-derived oligosaccharides relevant for immunotherapy

Scientists chemically synthesize ECA-derived oligosaccharides relevant for immunotherapy

Immunotherapy using monoclonal antibodies is a promising treatment strategy, and it might now be within reach: American scientists have successfully prepared an oligosaccharide enterobacterial antigen for which a monoclonal antibody has been developed. The study is published in the journal Angewandte Chemie. [More]

Research: Algae’s natural sunscreen molecules absorb UVA and UVB radiation with high efficiency

For consumers searching for just the right sunblock this summer, the options can be overwhelming. But scientists are now turning to the natural sunscreen of algae -- which is also found in fish slime -- to make a novel kind of shield against the sun's rays that could protect not only people, but also textiles and outdoor materials. [More]
Endocrine Society selects 18 endocrinologists as winners of 2016 Laureate Awards

Endocrine Society selects 18 endocrinologists as winners of 2016 Laureate Awards

The Endocrine Society today announced it has chosen 18 accomplished endocrinologists as winners of the organization's prestigious 2016 Laureate Awards. [More]

Survey: Over 30% of parents say their children missed school due to oral health problem

This past school year was a painful one for many U.S. students, according to a new survey out today from Delta Dental. The survey finds that more than 30 percent of parents said their children between the ages of six and 12 had to miss school due to an oral health problem. [More]
New UW-Madison study links two unrelated cancer treatments

New UW-Madison study links two unrelated cancer treatments

A new study at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has linked two seemingly unrelated cancer treatments that are both now being tested in clinical trials. [More]
BP levels declined among US children and adolescents during the past decade

BP levels declined among US children and adolescents during the past decade

Childhood high blood pressure (HBP) is a serious public health challenge worldwide due to associated increases in risk of end organ damages and correlation with HBP in adulthood. The prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) has been reported to increase significantly among United States children and adolescents from 1988-1994 to 1999-2008, but little is known about recent trends in BP values and elevated BP. [More]
Fructose stimulates reward system in the brain to a lesser degree than glucose

Fructose stimulates reward system in the brain to a lesser degree than glucose

Fructose not only results in a lower level of satiety, it also stimulates the reward system in the brain to a lesser degree than glucose. This may cause excessive consumption accompanied by effects that are a risk to health, report researchers from the University of Basel in a study published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE. Various diseases have been attributed to industrial fructose in sugary drinks and ready meals. [More]
New review outlines basic principles of dietary treatment

New review outlines basic principles of dietary treatment

Thanks to screening of newborns and newly developed therapies, the population of patients with inherited metabolic disorders has expanded. As these patients age and enter adulthood, diet therapy will be the mainstay of treatment for their disorders. [More]
Novel combination of non-toxic dietary and hyperbaric oxygen therapies doubles survival time in cancer model

Novel combination of non-toxic dietary and hyperbaric oxygen therapies doubles survival time in cancer model

A team of researchers from the Hyperbaric Biomedical Research Laboratory at the University of South Florida (USF) doubled survival time in an aggressive metastatic cancer model using a novel combination of non-toxic dietary and hyperbaric oxygen therapies. [More]
Poster related to Cantex's lead compound CX-01 presented at ASCO 2015

Poster related to Cantex's lead compound CX-01 presented at ASCO 2015

Cantex Pharmaceuticals, a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company developing medications that block critical mechanisms by which cancer spreads and resists treatment, today announced Tibor Kovacsovics, M.D., Medical Director for the Inpatient Service of the Division of Hematology and Hematologic Malignancies and Director of Hematologic Malignancy Clinical Research at Huntsman Cancer Institute presented a poster related to Cantex's lead compound, CX-01, at the 51st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). [More]
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