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Scientists manage to produce first molecular map of genes in the pancreas

Scientists manage to produce first molecular map of genes in the pancreas

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have managed to produce the first molecular map of the genes that are active in the various cells of the human pancreas. [More]
HMS scientists reveal how certain tumors develop taste for fat

HMS scientists reveal how certain tumors develop taste for fat

Cancers are such notorious sugar addicts that PET scans searching for the disease light up when they detect sugar-gobbling tumor cells. [More]
Research findings of protein may form foundation for new approach to antibiotics

Research findings of protein may form foundation for new approach to antibiotics

Researchers have made the first-ever detailed, atomic-level images of a peroxiredoxin, which has revealed a peculiar characteristic of this protein and might form the foundation for a new approach to antibiotics. [More]
UCSF researchers identify new strategy to cultivate beneficial energy-burning fat

UCSF researchers identify new strategy to cultivate beneficial energy-burning fat

UC San Francisco researchers studying beige fat — a calorie-burning tissue that can help to ward off obesity and diabetes — have discovered a new strategy to cultivate this beneficial blubber. [More]
New chemical compound could potentially be used to treat Ebola virus infection

New chemical compound could potentially be used to treat Ebola virus infection

Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells. [More]
Glia cells may play role in regulating sugar intake into the brain, experts report

Glia cells may play role in regulating sugar intake into the brain, experts report

Researchers at Technical University of Munich discovered that our brain actively takes sugar from the blood. Prior to this, researchers around the world had assumed that this was a purely passive process. [More]
Penn study sheds light on role of essential compound in maintaining optimal muscle function

Penn study sheds light on role of essential compound in maintaining optimal muscle function

Maintaining proper levels of an essential helper molecule is crucial for optimal muscle function, according to a study led by Joseph Baur, PhD, an assistant professor of Physiology in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. [More]
Researchers uncover how GWAS-implicated gene affects HDL-cholesterol levels

Researchers uncover how GWAS-implicated gene affects HDL-cholesterol levels

Researchers have uncovered how genes identified from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) affect high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), a biomarker of cardiovascular disease, after comparing several animal models with human patient data. [More]
Research finding opens door to potential clinical approaches that may boost body's ability to battle cancer

Research finding opens door to potential clinical approaches that may boost body's ability to battle cancer

The microenvironment that supports a cancerous tumor also starves the immune cells that the body sends in to destroy the cancer, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute scientists revealed in a discovery that holds the potential to significantly boost the performance of breakthrough immunotherapy drugs. [More]
Single drink of nutritional ketone can alter metabolism to improve performance of cyclists

Single drink of nutritional ketone can alter metabolism to improve performance of cyclists

A drink developed for soldiers to generate energy from ketones rather than carbs or fat allowed highly trained cyclists to add up to 400 meters of distance to their workouts, a UK-led study reports July 27 in Cell Metabolism. [More]
Scientists clarify mechanism of defective immune defense in G6PD patients

Scientists clarify mechanism of defective immune defense in G6PD patients

Favism is a common hereditary disease, affecting around 400 million people worldwide. It is caused by a lack of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD). [More]
Study suggests failure of specialised beta cells may lead to diabetes

Study suggests failure of specialised beta cells may lead to diabetes

The significant role of beta cell 'hubs' in the pancreas has been demonstrated for the first time, suggesting that diabetes may due to the failure of a privileged few cells, rather than the behaviour of all cells. [More]
Researchers identify unique mechanism to suppress colorectal cancer tumors in mice

Researchers identify unique mechanism to suppress colorectal cancer tumors in mice

A new scientific study has identified why colorectal cancer cells depend on a specific nutrient, and a way to starve them of it. Over one million men and women are living with colorectal cancer in the United States. [More]
Novel biomarkers may offer solution for detecting autologous blood transfusion in athletes

Novel biomarkers may offer solution for detecting autologous blood transfusion in athletes

Increasing oxygen delivery to muscles can help athletes perform better and give them the edge needed to win elite competitions. One of the best ways to increase oxygen supply is through blood manipulation, undergoing a blood transfusion that provides extra red blood cells and boosts oxygen levels. [More]
Selfish mutant mtDNA exploits cellular defenses to cause many diseases

Selfish mutant mtDNA exploits cellular defenses to cause many diseases

Mitochondrial disorders are a chameleon-like set of diseases that take many different forms and vary widely from individual to individual. [More]
Mitochondrial stress can trigger tumor-related metabolic shifts, study finds

Mitochondrial stress can trigger tumor-related metabolic shifts, study finds

Cancerous tumors must be fed. Their unregulated growth requires a steady stream of blood flow and nutrients. Thus, one way that researchers have tried to wipe out cancer is to target cells undergoing the metabolic shifts that enable a tumor's rapid growth. [More]
Itaconate can suppress pro-inflammatory activity of macrophages

Itaconate can suppress pro-inflammatory activity of macrophages

An international group of scientists from US, Canada, Germany and Russia has revealed a substance produced in humans that can suppress the pro-inflammatory activity of macrophages - specific cells of immune system. [More]
Blood mannose levels could help predict type 2 diabetes risk

Blood mannose levels could help predict type 2 diabetes risk

Even if you are not overweight, your mannose levels may indicate whether you're at risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) or insulin resistance (IR), a Swedish study shows. [More]
Diet modification could help improve quality of life in women with ovarian cancer

Diet modification could help improve quality of life in women with ovarian cancer

New research conducted at the University of Alabama at Birmingham has shown that a particular type of diet could help women with ovarian cancer to lose weight and improve their quality of life and cancer-related measures. [More]
CD38 enzyme linked to age-related metabolic decline

CD38 enzyme linked to age-related metabolic decline

Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified the enzyme, called CD38, that is responsible for the decrease in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) during aging, a process that is associated with age-related metabolic decline. [More]
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