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Study compares FK506 and rapamycin for Schwann cell migration, peripheral nerve regeneration

Study compares FK506 and rapamycin for Schwann cell migration, peripheral nerve regeneration

FK506 possesses a well-studied neuroregenerative effect, stimulating neurite extension in the presence of nerve growth factor in vitro, and enhancing nerve regeneration following nerve crush injury and isografting. [More]
Alternatives to cigarette smoking may still pose a risk to human health due to over-use

Alternatives to cigarette smoking may still pose a risk to human health due to over-use

Cigarette smoking kills approximately 440,000 Americans each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Protection. It's the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. In order to overcome this addiction, many people resort to nicotine replacement therapies. [More]
Researchers develop new integrated approach to pinpoint genetic "drivers" of cancer

Researchers develop new integrated approach to pinpoint genetic "drivers" of cancer

UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have developed a new integrated approach to pinpoint the genetic "drivers" of cancer, uncovering eight genes that could be viable for targeted breast cancer therapy. [More]
Study shows new role for protein APC in suppressing colorectal cancer

Study shows new role for protein APC in suppressing colorectal cancer

A study recently published in the journal Carcinogenesis by researchers at the University of Kansas shows a new role for the protein adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) in suppressing colorectal cancer - the second-leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the U.S. [More]
Research validates Myc inhibition as effective therapeutic strategy for glioma

Research validates Myc inhibition as effective therapeutic strategy for glioma

Research led by the Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology (VHIO) evidence the most conclusive preclinical results to-date validating Myc inhibition as a therapeutic strategy in glioma - a highly agressive tumor type that notoriously outsmarts current anti-cancer therapies. [More]
UC Santa Cruz cancer researcher receives $350,000 to develop novel drugs for breast cancer

UC Santa Cruz cancer researcher receives $350,000 to develop novel drugs for breast cancer

UC Santa Cruz cancer researcher Seth Rubin has received a $350,000 grant to fund his work toward the development of a new class of drugs for treating breast cancer. The grant is a Breast Cancer Research Program Breakthrough Award from the congressionally directed medical research programs of the U.S. Department of Defense. [More]
Research shows new drug candidate can stop tumor growth in animal models

Research shows new drug candidate can stop tumor growth in animal models

It's a trick any cat burglar knows: to open a locked door, slide a credit card past the latch. Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) tried a similar strategy when they attempted to disrupt the function of MYC, a cancer regulator thought to be "undruggable." [More]
Consumption of resistant starch may help reduce colorectal cancer risk linked with high red meat diet

Consumption of resistant starch may help reduce colorectal cancer risk linked with high red meat diet

Consumption of a type of starch that acts like fiber may help reduce colorectal cancer risk associated with a high red meat diet, according to a study published in Cancer Prevention Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. [More]
Study: Spicy capsaicin can reduce risk of colorectal tumors

Study: Spicy capsaicin can reduce risk of colorectal tumors

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that dietary capsaicin - the active ingredient in chili peppers - produces chronic activation of a receptor on cells lining the intestines of mice, triggering a reaction that ultimately reduces the risk of colorectal tumors. [More]
Mice lacking specific protein live longer lives with fewer age-related illnesses

Mice lacking specific protein live longer lives with fewer age-related illnesses

While developing a new cancer drug, researchers at The Wistar Institute discovered that mice lacking a specific protein live longer lives with fewer age-related illnesses. [More]
Study provides platform for detailed study of nerve injury and repair during Wallerian degeneration

Study provides platform for detailed study of nerve injury and repair during Wallerian degeneration

Wallerian degeneration is a subject of major interest in neuroscience. A large number of genes are differentially regulated during the distinct stages of Wallerian degeneration: transcription factor activation, immune response, myelin cell differentiation and dedifferentiation. [More]
Phase 3 trial: NEXAVAR tablets fail to meet primary endpoint in HER2-negative breast cancer patients

Phase 3 trial: NEXAVAR tablets fail to meet primary endpoint in HER2-negative breast cancer patients

Bayer HealthCare and Onyx Pharmaceuticals Inc., an Amgen subsidiary, today announced that an investigational Phase 3 trial of NEXAVAR (sorafenib) tablets in patients with advanced breast cancer did not meet its primary endpoint of improving progression-free survival (PFS). [More]
Co-targeting strategies suggested for EGFR-TKI resistance in NSCLC

Co-targeting strategies suggested for EGFR-TKI resistance in NSCLC

Researchers have identified additional resistance mechanisms that could be targeted to improve the efficacy of irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer harbouring both EGFR and T790M mutations. [More]
CRIPTO1 role in TKI resistance elucidated

CRIPTO1 role in TKI resistance elucidated

Overexpression of CRIPTO1 may explain intrinsic tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance in around 10% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer and endothelial growth factor receptor mutations, research indicates. [More]

Study shows inactivation of p53 protein promotes cancer progression

Researchers at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL) and the University of Barcelona have discovered the interaction between HERC2 proteins with another protein called p53 that is inactivated in more than half of human tumors. [More]
TAZ represents a novel therapeutic target in NSCLC

TAZ represents a novel therapeutic target in NSCLC

Patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who express high levels of transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif may be a clinically distinct subgroup with an unfavourable prognosis, researchers report. [More]
Citalopram can increase efficacy of BMSCs differentiating into neuronal-like cells

Citalopram can increase efficacy of BMSCs differentiating into neuronal-like cells

There is evidence that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants can promote neuronal cell proliferation and enhance neuroplasticity both in vitro and in vivo. [More]
Research reveals why HIV remains a long-lasting infection

Research reveals why HIV remains a long-lasting infection

HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, has the ability to integrate into the human genome, making it extremely difficult to cure the infection. A new study by scientists at Seattle Children's Research Institute, University of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center found that when HIV integrates into genes involved with cancer, these cells tend to reproduce to a greater extent than others HIV-infected cells. [More]
New theory of how cancer works could lead to next generation of treatments of disease

New theory of how cancer works could lead to next generation of treatments of disease

A new theory of how cancer works could lead to the next generation of treatments of the disease. The theory suggests that cancer forms when recently evolved genes are damaged, and cells have to revert to using older, inappropriate genetic pathways. [More]
New knowledge may expand treatments for patients with lung cancer

New knowledge may expand treatments for patients with lung cancer

Studying the most common type of lung cancer, researchers have uncovered mutations in a cell-signaling pathway that plays a role in forming tumors. [More]