Deep Brain Stimulation News and Research

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Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical procedure used to treat a variety of disabling neurological symptoms—most commonly the debilitating symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD), such as tremor, rigidity, stiffness, slowed movement, and walking problems. The procedure is also used to treat essential tremor, a common neurological movement disorder. At present, the procedure is used only for patients whose symptoms cannot be adequately controlled with medications.

DBS uses a surgically implanted, battery-operated medical device called a neurostimulator—similar to a heart pacemaker and approximately the size of a stopwatch—to deliver electrical stimulation to targeted areas in the brain that control movement, blocking the abnormal nerve signals that cause tremor and PD symptoms.

Before the procedure, a neurosurgeon uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scanning to identify and locate the exact target within the brain where electrical nerve signals generate the PD symptoms. Some surgeons may use microelectrode recording—which involves a small wire that monitors the activity of nerve cells in the target area—to more specifically identify the precise brain target that will be stimulated. Generally, these targets are the thalamus, subthalamic nucleus, and globus pallidus.
IDSA guidelines: Team approach vital to successful treatment of complex neurological infections

IDSA guidelines: Team approach vital to successful treatment of complex neurological infections

New infusion therapy may help avoid debilitating symptoms in Parkinson's disease patients

New infusion therapy may help avoid debilitating symptoms in Parkinson's disease patients

Researchers find chemical link between two problem proteins that cause Parkinson's disease

Researchers find chemical link between two problem proteins that cause Parkinson's disease

Deep brain stimulation can reduce heroin relapse in rat models of addiction, TSRI study shows

Deep brain stimulation can reduce heroin relapse in rat models of addiction, TSRI study shows

Tau pathology underlies deterioration of spatial cognition in Alzheimer's disease

Tau pathology underlies deterioration of spatial cognition in Alzheimer's disease

Experimental treatment shows early promise for improving Parkinson's symptoms

Experimental treatment shows early promise for improving Parkinson's symptoms

UAB investigators receive BRAIN Initiative award to study new DBS technology for Parkinson's disease

UAB investigators receive BRAIN Initiative award to study new DBS technology for Parkinson's disease

Salk scientist wins NIH grant for new technique to precisely target specific cells using sound waves

Salk scientist wins NIH grant for new technique to precisely target specific cells using sound waves

Renishaw launches unique healthcare facility at Miskin site in South Wales

Renishaw launches unique healthcare facility at Miskin site in South Wales

Clinical trial to examine effectiveness of diabetes drug to slow or stop progression of Parkinson's

Clinical trial to examine effectiveness of diabetes drug to slow or stop progression of Parkinson's

MRI-guided focused ultrasound treatment improves quality of life in patients with essential tremor

MRI-guided focused ultrasound treatment improves quality of life in patients with essential tremor

UCLA researchers use noninvasive ultrasound technique to jump-start the brain of coma patient

UCLA researchers use noninvasive ultrasound technique to jump-start the brain of coma patient

New noninvasive treatment option improves quality of life in patients with essential tremor

New noninvasive treatment option improves quality of life in patients with essential tremor

Dangers of do-it-yourself brain stimulation: an interview with Dr Michael D. Fox

Dangers of do-it-yourself brain stimulation: an interview with Dr Michael D. Fox

FDA approves scalpel-free brain surgery to treat essential tremor

FDA approves scalpel-free brain surgery to treat essential tremor

Study provides more insight into effects of DBS in treatment of Alzheimer's disease

Study provides more insight into effects of DBS in treatment of Alzheimer's disease

New research shows how toxic Alzheimer's protein spreads through the brain

New research shows how toxic Alzheimer's protein spreads through the brain

FDA approves new ExAblate Neuro to treat patients with essential tremor

FDA approves new ExAblate Neuro to treat patients with essential tremor

Researcher explores whether DBS can help improve life of bipolar disorder patients

Researcher explores whether DBS can help improve life of bipolar disorder patients

NeuroDerm starts patient enrollment in long-term safety study of ND0612 for treatment of Parkinson’s disease

NeuroDerm starts patient enrollment in long-term safety study of ND0612 for treatment of Parkinson’s disease