Deep Brain Stimulation News and Research

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Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical procedure used to treat a variety of disabling neurological symptoms—most commonly the debilitating symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD), such as tremor, rigidity, stiffness, slowed movement, and walking problems. The procedure is also used to treat essential tremor, a common neurological movement disorder. At present, the procedure is used only for patients whose symptoms cannot be adequately controlled with medications.

DBS uses a surgically implanted, battery-operated medical device called a neurostimulator—similar to a heart pacemaker and approximately the size of a stopwatch—to deliver electrical stimulation to targeted areas in the brain that control movement, blocking the abnormal nerve signals that cause tremor and PD symptoms.

Before the procedure, a neurosurgeon uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scanning to identify and locate the exact target within the brain where electrical nerve signals generate the PD symptoms. Some surgeons may use microelectrode recording—which involves a small wire that monitors the activity of nerve cells in the target area—to more specifically identify the precise brain target that will be stimulated. Generally, these targets are the thalamus, subthalamic nucleus, and globus pallidus.
Researchers design first light-activated drug for treatment of pain

Researchers design first light-activated drug for treatment of pain

Study finds thalamic DBS to be safe, effective treatment for young adults with Tourette syndrome

Study finds thalamic DBS to be safe, effective treatment for young adults with Tourette syndrome

Researchers develop stable brain implant based on anti-inflammatory coating

Researchers develop stable brain implant based on anti-inflammatory coating

Noninvasive dTMS technique helps obese people lose weight by changing gut microbiota composition

Noninvasive dTMS technique helps obese people lose weight by changing gut microbiota composition

Experts to present diverse advances in neuromodulation at INS congress

Experts to present diverse advances in neuromodulation at INS congress

Man with quadriplegia uses implanted technologies to restore arm and hand movements

Man with quadriplegia uses implanted technologies to restore arm and hand movements

Deep brain stimulation could be effective treatment option for patients with severe depressions

Deep brain stimulation could be effective treatment option for patients with severe depressions

MIT researchers develop precise technique to measure dopamine in the brain

MIT researchers develop precise technique to measure dopamine in the brain

Deep brain stimulation may help improve mental, physical health in patients with anorexia nervosa

Deep brain stimulation may help improve mental, physical health in patients with anorexia nervosa

IDSA guidelines: Team approach vital to successful treatment of complex neurological infections

IDSA guidelines: Team approach vital to successful treatment of complex neurological infections

New infusion therapy may help avoid debilitating symptoms in Parkinson's disease patients

New infusion therapy may help avoid debilitating symptoms in Parkinson's disease patients

Researchers find chemical link between two problem proteins that cause Parkinson's disease

Researchers find chemical link between two problem proteins that cause Parkinson's disease

Deep brain stimulation can reduce heroin relapse in rat models of addiction, TSRI study shows

Deep brain stimulation can reduce heroin relapse in rat models of addiction, TSRI study shows

Tau pathology underlies deterioration of spatial cognition in Alzheimer's disease

Tau pathology underlies deterioration of spatial cognition in Alzheimer's disease

Experimental treatment shows early promise for improving Parkinson's symptoms

Experimental treatment shows early promise for improving Parkinson's symptoms

UAB investigators receive BRAIN Initiative award to study new DBS technology for Parkinson's disease

UAB investigators receive BRAIN Initiative award to study new DBS technology for Parkinson's disease

Salk scientist wins NIH grant for new technique to precisely target specific cells using sound waves

Salk scientist wins NIH grant for new technique to precisely target specific cells using sound waves

Renishaw launches unique healthcare facility at Miskin site in South Wales

Renishaw launches unique healthcare facility at Miskin site in South Wales

Clinical trial to examine effectiveness of diabetes drug to slow or stop progression of Parkinson's

Clinical trial to examine effectiveness of diabetes drug to slow or stop progression of Parkinson's

MRI-guided focused ultrasound treatment improves quality of life in patients with essential tremor

MRI-guided focused ultrasound treatment improves quality of life in patients with essential tremor