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Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a long-lasting, itchy inflammatory condition of the skin which may become red, dry, blistered, crusted, scaly or thickened.

Eczema can affect any part of the skin but most commonly manifests in parts of the body where skin folds are found such as the elbows or backs of the knees. The cause of eczema is not yet known but it is thought to involve an inherited tendency towards sensitive skin.

Although eczema can flare up for no apparent reason, sufferers may notice particular triggers that seem to worsen their condition. Some common examples are allergens such as pollen, house dust mites or pet fur, irritants such as detergents and soaps and rough clothing fabrics such as wool. Rarely, certain foods such as milk, eggs, wheat or nuts may trigger a flare-up.

Although eczema cannot be cured, it can be controlled by avoiding any known triggers of the condition. A range of medications are also available to help control symptoms and emollients in the form of creams, lotions, or oils can prevent dehydration of the skin and help it repair as well as relieving itchiness.

In the UK, up to 20% of children and up to 10% of adults have eczema and the condition is equally common in men and women.
CHORI virologist receives grant from Abate Med to study new treatment for atopic dermatitis

CHORI virologist receives grant from Abate Med to study new treatment for atopic dermatitis

Laura Hertel, PhD, a virologist at Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, has received a $100,000 grant from Abate Med's founder, Dr. David Paslin, for a pre-clinical study on the efficacy of using a protein made by a common virus that infects the skin, to treat the cutaneous manifestations of atopic dermatitis. [More]
Dermatologist offers tips to help soothe itchy skin

Dermatologist offers tips to help soothe itchy skin

Everyone gets an itch once in a while. Usually it only lasts for a short time and is often caused by annoyances like a mosquito bite or scratchy fabric. [More]
New US guidelines developed for the prevention of peanut allergy

New US guidelines developed for the prevention of peanut allergy

Recommendations for introducing peanut-containing foods to infants, compiled by an expert panel sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, were published this week. The guidelines are intended to help prevent the development of peanut allergy. They provide specific recommendations for infants with differing risk levels for developing peanut allergy. [More]
Experts issue clinical guidelines to help early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants

Experts issue clinical guidelines to help early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants

An expert panel sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, issued clinical guidelines today to aid health care providers in early introduction of peanut-containing foods to infants to prevent the development of peanut allergy. [More]
Contact dermatitis or contact eczema?

Contact dermatitis or contact eczema?

There is allergic contact dermatitis, which is mediated through an immune mechanism, this means that the person is specifically allergic to what they have come in to contact with their skin. Their body has had to go through a process whereby they have... [More]
Combination therapy holds great promise to clear precancerous skin lesions

Combination therapy holds great promise to clear precancerous skin lesions

A combination of two FDA-approved drugs - a topical chemotherapy and an immune-system-activating compound - was able to rapidly clear actinic keratosis lesions from patients participating in a clinical trial. [More]
Replacing missing gut bacteria could help treat children with rare autoimmune disease

Replacing missing gut bacteria could help treat children with rare autoimmune disease

Defects in the body's regulatory T cells (T reg cells) cause inflammation and autoimmune disease by altering the type of bacteria living in the gut, researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston have discovered. [More]
FDA approves new treatment option for patients dealing with mild to moderate eczema

FDA approves new treatment option for patients dealing with mild to moderate eczema

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Eucrisa (crisaborole) ointment to treat mild to moderate eczema (atopic dermatitis) in patients two years of age and older. [More]
New mathematical model suggests how AD may progress to become chronic

New mathematical model suggests how AD may progress to become chronic

Successive flare-ups of the most common form of eczema may trigger an immune system overreaction, causing it to become a long-term condition in people. [More]
Cost effective moisturizers could help prevent eczema in high-risk newborns

Cost effective moisturizers could help prevent eczema in high-risk newborns

What if it was possible to prevent your child from getting eczema -- a costly, inflammatory skin disorder -- just by applying something as inexpensive as petroleum jelly every day for the first six months of his or her life? [More]
New insights into epidermal cells could explain how skin maintains barrier when shedding

New insights into epidermal cells could explain how skin maintains barrier when shedding

The discovery of the shape and binding capability of epidermal cells could explain how skin maintains a barrier even when it is shedding. [More]
Experts characterize racial and ethnic differences in food allergies among U.S. children

Experts characterize racial and ethnic differences in food allergies among U.S. children

Allergy and immunology experts at Rush University Medical Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago have conducted the first study designed to assess and characterize the racial and ethnic difference in food allergies among children in the U.S. [More]
Study shows new drug combination effective in treating precancerous skin lesions

Study shows new drug combination effective in treating precancerous skin lesions

A combination of two topical drugs that have been in use for years triggers a robust immune response against precancerous skin lesions, according to a new study. The research, from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Harvard Medical School, shows that the therapy activates the immune system's T cells, which then attack the abnormal skin cells. [More]
Increased prevalence of food allergy linked to early skin infection and eczema

Increased prevalence of food allergy linked to early skin infection and eczema

Early exposure to a food allergen through broken skin might prompt the development of food allergy. [More]
Doctor Developed creates new cream with natural ingredients for safe, effective eczema treatment

Doctor Developed creates new cream with natural ingredients for safe, effective eczema treatment

Doctor Developed, LLC was founded by well-known cosmetic surgeon Dr. Amir Yazdan in his pursuit of a better eczema treatment for a family friend. [More]
New guidelines offer way for parents to introduce peanut-containing foods to reduce allergy risk

New guidelines offer way for parents to introduce peanut-containing foods to reduce allergy risk

Parents may be confused with how and when to introduce peanut-containing foods to their infants. [More]
Scientists develop new strategy to stop uncontrollable poison ivy itch

Scientists develop new strategy to stop uncontrollable poison ivy itch

Scientists at Duke Health and Zhejiang Chinese Medical University have developed a strategy to stop the uncontrollable itch caused by urushiol, the oily sap common to poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak and even mango trees. [More]
Dermatologist shares tips to keep skin in good shape during winter

Dermatologist shares tips to keep skin in good shape during winter

The dreary British weather can play havoc with our skin, especially for those with existing skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis. [More]
Discovery of neuropilin 2 deficiency may lead to new therapies for edema and lymphedema

Discovery of neuropilin 2 deficiency may lead to new therapies for edema and lymphedema

Fluid accumulation and swelling (edema) may result from the malfunctioning of regulatory processes controlling vessel permeability in the body. [More]
New study finds no evidence of benefit from genetic disposition of eczema

New study finds no evidence of benefit from genetic disposition of eczema

Some genetic diseases persist for generation after generation because the genes that cause them can benefit human health. [More]
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