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Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a long-lasting, itchy inflammatory condition of the skin which may become red, dry, blistered, crusted, scaly or thickened.

Eczema can affect any part of the skin but most commonly manifests in parts of the body where skin folds are found such as the elbows or backs of the knees. The cause of eczema is not yet known but it is thought to involve an inherited tendency towards sensitive skin.

Although eczema can flare up for no apparent reason, sufferers may notice particular triggers that seem to worsen their condition. Some common examples are allergens such as pollen, house dust mites or pet fur, irritants such as detergents and soaps and rough clothing fabrics such as wool. Rarely, certain foods such as milk, eggs, wheat or nuts may trigger a flare-up.

Although eczema cannot be cured, it can be controlled by avoiding any known triggers of the condition. A range of medications are also available to help control symptoms and emollients in the form of creams, lotions, or oils can prevent dehydration of the skin and help it repair as well as relieving itchiness.

In the UK, up to 20% of children and up to 10% of adults have eczema and the condition is equally common in men and women.
Regeneron, Sanofi announce initiation of dupilumab Phase 3 study in adults with atopic dermatitis

Regeneron, Sanofi announce initiation of dupilumab Phase 3 study in adults with atopic dermatitis

Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Sanofi today announced that the first patients have been dosed in a Phase 3 clinical study of dupilumab, an investigational therapy that blocks IL-4 and IL-13 signaling, in adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) that is not adequately controlled with topical AD medications. [More]
Vitamin D supplement significantly reduces symptoms of winter-related atopic dermatitis

Vitamin D supplement significantly reduces symptoms of winter-related atopic dermatitis

A study conducted in more than 100 Mongolian schoolchildren found that daily treatment with a vitamin D supplement significantly reduced the symptoms of winter-related atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema. [More]
Research findings open up new avenues for development of chronic itch treatments

Research findings open up new avenues for development of chronic itch treatments

Areas of the brain that respond to reward and pleasure are linked to the ability of a drug known as butorphanol to relieve itch, according to new research led by Gil Yosipovitch, MD, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Dermatology at Temple University School of Medicine, and Director of the Temple Itch Center. [More]
Researchers say that environment plays much stronger role than genetics in eosinophilic esophagitis

Researchers say that environment plays much stronger role than genetics in eosinophilic esophagitis

Researchers have found that environment has a much stronger role than genetics in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), a severe, often painful food allergy that renders children unable to eat a wide variety of foods. [More]
Dry roasted peanuts more likely to trigger allergy risk

Dry roasted peanuts more likely to trigger allergy risk

Dry roasted peanuts are more likely to trigger an allergy to peanuts than raw peanuts, suggests an Oxford University study involving mice. [More]
Researchers show link between childhood asthma and prenatal exposure to phthalates

Researchers show link between childhood asthma and prenatal exposure to phthalates

Researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health are the first to demonstrate an association between childhood asthma and prenatal exposure to two phthalates used in a diverse array of household products. Results appear online in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives. [More]
Around 9.6% of women diagnosed with dry eye disease, treated with artificial tear eye drops

Around 9.6% of women diagnosed with dry eye disease, treated with artificial tear eye drops

The symptoms of dry eye disease include the sensation of grit in the eye, frequently accompanied by itching, burning and visual disturbance. The causes are poorly understood. [More]
Young inner-city children appear to suffer from food allergies

Young inner-city children appear to suffer from food allergies

Already known for their higher-than-usual risk of asthma and environmental allergies, young inner-city children appear to suffer disproportionately from food allergies as well, according to results of a study led by scientists at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center. [More]
Food allergies more common in young inner-city children

Food allergies more common in young inner-city children

Already known for their higher-than-usual risk of asthma and environmental allergies, young inner-city children appear to suffer disproportionately from food allergies as well, according to results of a study led by scientists at the Johns Hopkins Children’s Center. [More]
Dermatologist warns about safety of children's skin care products

Dermatologist warns about safety of children's skin care products

Before the advent of Internet search engines, parents obtained much of their medical advice from their child's doctor. [More]
UCSF study: Acute psychological stress promotes healing in mouse models of different skin irritations

UCSF study: Acute psychological stress promotes healing in mouse models of different skin irritations

Brief, acute psychological stress promoted healing in mouse models of three different types of skin irritations, in a study led by UC San Francisco researchers. [More]
Metvix PDT now available at Odette Cancer Centre as additional treatment option for NMSC patients

Metvix PDT now available at Odette Cancer Centre as additional treatment option for NMSC patients

The Odette Cancer Centre at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in conjunction with Galderma Canada are pleased to announce that Metvix PDT (Photodynamic Therapy), is now available at the Odette Cancer Centre in Toronto as an additional treatment option for patients with NMSC (non-melanoma skin cancer). [More]
New diagnostic procedure helps differentiate psoriasis from eczema

New diagnostic procedure helps differentiate psoriasis from eczema

In some patients, the chronic inflammatory skin diseases psoriasis* and eczema** are similar in appearance. Up to now, dermatologists have therefore had to base their decision on which treatment should be selected on their own experience and an examination of tissue samples. [More]
Regeneron, Sanofi report positive results from dupilumab Phase 2b study in moderate-to-severe AD

Regeneron, Sanofi report positive results from dupilumab Phase 2b study in moderate-to-severe AD

Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Sanofi today announced positive results from a Phase 2b dose-ranging study of dupilumab, an investigational therapy, in adult patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD), a serious, chronic form of eczema. [More]
Study gives parents, doctors new options to treat children with eczema

Study gives parents, doctors new options to treat children with eczema

The number of children with atopic dermatitis, often referred to as eczema, is on the rise. Some estimate that one in five children in the U.S. now suffers from the painful, itchy skin condition. In an effort to control their symptoms, many children are prescribed powerful medications like immunosuppressants or topical steroids. [More]
Celsus’ expert highlights serious side effects of topical corticosteroids

Celsus’ expert highlights serious side effects of topical corticosteroids

A 2013 Mayo Clinic study involving more than 140,000 patients revealed that skin disorders are the most common nonacute reason Americans seek health care. [More]
Single-cell genomics study confirms that immune cells produce steroids

Single-cell genomics study confirms that immune cells produce steroids

Researchers at the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute have discovered that some immune cells turn themselves off by producing a steroid. [More]
New research reveals that eczema may lower skin cancer risk

New research reveals that eczema may lower skin cancer risk

Eczema caused by defects in the skin could reduce the risk of developing skin cancer, according to new research by King's College London. The immune response triggered by eczema could help prevent tumour formation by shedding potentially cancerous cells from the skin. [More]
Drug that blocks LTA4 hydrolase enzyme plays key role in body's inflammatory response

Drug that blocks LTA4 hydrolase enzyme plays key role in body's inflammatory response

There have been great expectations regarding the production of a drug to block the enzyme LTA4 hydrolase, which plays a key role in the body's inflammatory response. [More]
Santalis Pharmaceuticals partners with TFS for marketing of OTC dermatology products

Santalis Pharmaceuticals partners with TFS for marketing of OTC dermatology products

Santalis Pharmaceuticals Inc., a joint venture with TFS Corporation Ltd., of Australia (ASX: TFC) is pleased to report the execution of an exclusive license agreement with a global pharmaceutical company for the marketing of a number of over-the-counter (OTC) dermatology products containing TFS' sustainably cultivated, pharmaceutical-grade East Indian Sandalwood Oil (EISO). [More]