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Estrogens are a family of related molecules that stimulate the development and maintenance of female characteristics and sexual reproduction.

The natural estrogens produced by women are steroid molecules, which means that they are derived from a particular type of molecular skeleton containing four rings of carbon atoms, giving the shape shown here. The most prevalent forms of human estrogen are estradiol and estrone. Both are produced and secreted by the ovaries, although estrone is also made in the adrenal glands and other organs.
Sex hormone that helps protect females from stroke may also reduce risk of autism, say scientists

Sex hormone that helps protect females from stroke may also reduce risk of autism, say scientists

The same sex hormone that helps protect females from stroke may also reduce their risk of autism, scientists say. [More]
Scientists find that samples of chocolate purchased in Brazil contain lead and cadmium

Scientists find that samples of chocolate purchased in Brazil contain lead and cadmium

Scientists have found that commercial samples of chocolate purchased in Brazil contain varying levels of lead and cadmium, which can cause health problems, and that those levels are linked to how much cocoa a product contains. [More]
Scientists identify genetic mutations in endometrioid endometrial carcinoma

Scientists identify genetic mutations in endometrioid endometrial carcinoma

Parents of twins often tell them apart through subtle differences such as facial expression, moles, voice tone and gait. Similarly, physicians treating women with endometrial cancer must be able to distinguish between different versions of this disease form that, on the surface, appear the same. [More]
Measuring levels of sex hormones in patients' blood may identify risk of sudden cardiac arrest

Measuring levels of sex hormones in patients' blood may identify risk of sudden cardiac arrest

Measuring the levels of sex hormones in patients' blood may identify patients likely to suffer a sudden cardiac arrest, a heart rhythm disorder that is fatal in 95 percent of patients. [More]
Experts review terminology linked with genitourinary tract symptoms related to menopause

Experts review terminology linked with genitourinary tract symptoms related to menopause

Experts who reviewed the terminology associated with genitourinary tract symptoms related to menopause-currently referred to as vulvovaginal atrophy-have agreed that the term genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) is a medically more accurate, all-encompassing, and a more publicly acceptable term. [More]
Recurrence of breast cancer cut by ½ in overweight women who regularly use NSAIDs

Recurrence of breast cancer cut by ½ in overweight women who regularly use NSAIDs

Recurrence of hormone-related breast cancer was cut by half in overweight and obese women who regularly used aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), according to data published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. [More]
Regular exercise linked with decrease in incidence of breast cancer in African American women

Regular exercise linked with decrease in incidence of breast cancer in African American women

Regular exercise, including brisk walking, is associated with a decrease in the incidence of breast cancer in African American women. [More]
Seven physicians receive ASTRO grants to advance radiation oncology research

Seven physicians receive ASTRO grants to advance radiation oncology research

The American Society for Radiation Oncology has selected seven leading physicians to receive a total of $675,000 in awards and grants to advance radiation oncology research. The ASTRO Junior Faculty Career Research Training Award, the ASTRO Residents/Fellows in Radiation Oncology Research Seed Grant and the ASTRO/Radiation Oncology Institute Comparative Effectiveness Research Award will fund studies in radiation and cancer biology, radiation physics, translational research, outcomes/health services research and comparative effectiveness research within radiation oncology. [More]
Majority of adults need to double consumption of fruits and vegetables for crucial nutrition, health benefits

Majority of adults need to double consumption of fruits and vegetables for crucial nutrition, health benefits

New research published in the September issue of the British Journal of Nutrition and featured in the just released Global Phytonutrient Report highlights a significant shortfall in fruit and vegetable consumption in people's diets around the world. [More]
Osteoporosis drugs may not protect women from breast cancer

Osteoporosis drugs may not protect women from breast cancer

Osteoporosis drugs known as bisphosphonates may not protect women from breast cancer as had been thought, according to a new study led by researchers at UC San Francisco (UCSF). [More]
Study sheds light on genetic alterations that may contribute to luminal B breast cancer

Study sheds light on genetic alterations that may contribute to luminal B breast cancer

Researchers from the Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center at Baylor College of Medicine have uncovered new information about the genetic alterations that may contribute to the development of a subtype breast cancer typically associated with more aggressive forms of the disease and higher recurrence rates. [More]
Aeterna Zentaris signs strategic co-promotion services agreement with ASCEND

Aeterna Zentaris signs strategic co-promotion services agreement with ASCEND

Aeterna Zentaris Inc. today announced a strategic co-promotion services agreement with ASCEND Therapeutics US, LLC. [More]
Birth control pills may increase risk for breast cancer

Birth control pills may increase risk for breast cancer

Women who recently used birth control pills containing high-dose estrogen and a few other formulations had an increased risk for breast cancer, whereas women using some other formulations did not, according to data published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. [More]
No two single tumor cells in breast cancer patients have same genome

No two single tumor cells in breast cancer patients have same genome

Just as no two people possess the same genetic makeup, a recent study has shown that no two single tumor cells in breast cancer patients have an identical genome. [More]
Researchers investigate hereditary breast cancer to find new treatment approaches

Researchers investigate hereditary breast cancer to find new treatment approaches

Deborah Kelly and Zhi Sheng, assistant professors at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, recently received a grant from the Commonwealth Health Research Board to investigate hereditary breast cancer, an effort that may lead to new treatment approaches. [More]
Research suggests effective role for natural steroid hormones in treating breast cancer

Research suggests effective role for natural steroid hormones in treating breast cancer

A new study supports a growing body of research suggesting a safe and effective role for natural steroid hormones in treating postmenopausal breast cancer, with fewer detrimental side effects and improved health profile than with standard anti-hormone therapies. [More]
New research sheds light on genetic basis for heart disease in women

New research sheds light on genetic basis for heart disease in women

When it comes to heart disease, Dr. Ross Feldman says women are often in the dark. Historically, it was thought that heart disease was a men's-only disease, however, data has shown that post-menopausal women are just as likely as men to get heart disease and are less likely to be adequately diagnosed and treated. [More]
Researchers explore brain estrogens to mitigate learning and memory problems

Researchers explore brain estrogens to mitigate learning and memory problems

New studies being launched by neurobiologist Luke Remage-Healey at the University of Massachusetts Amherst will investigate how estrogens produced in the brains of young birds enhance their ability to learn songs during a critical window during development. [More]
Experts join MD Anderson to end cancer

Experts join MD Anderson to end cancer

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center is pleased to announce that one of the world's preeminent experts in breast cancer research and treatment, V. Craig Jordan, Ph.D., will join the institution's efforts to end cancer. Jordan is considered the "Father of Tamoxifen," the groundbreaking therapeutic drug that has saved countless lives. [More]
Scientist fights extremely aggressive and difficult-to-treat form of breast cancer

Scientist fights extremely aggressive and difficult-to-treat form of breast cancer

Biomedical scientist Kimberly L. Koss, PhD, is fighting an extremely aggressive and difficult-to-treat form of breast cancer. [More]