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Gastroenteritis (also known as gastro, gastric flu, and stomach flu) refers to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, involving both the stomach and the small intestine and resulting in acute diarrhea. The inflammation is caused most often by infection with certain viruses, less often by bacteria or their toxins, parasites, or adverse reaction to something in the diet or medication.
Researchers study evolution of harmful organisms from 1 bacterial family

Researchers study evolution of harmful organisms from 1 bacterial family

For the first time, researchers have studied the Black Death bacterium's entire family tree to fully understand how some of the family members evolve to become harmful. [More]
Ironwood and Forest commence new DTC patient awareness campaign for LINZESS

Ironwood and Forest commence new DTC patient awareness campaign for LINZESS

awareness campaign for LINZESS, a once-daily treatment for adults with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation or chronic idiopathic constipation. [More]
Frail elderly people are at increased risk of death from outbreaks of viral gastroenteritis

Frail elderly people are at increased risk of death from outbreaks of viral gastroenteritis

Frail elderly people living in residential care facilities are at increased risk of severe illness or death from outbreaks of viral gastroenteritis. [More]
Amgen announces results from Phase 3 TESLA Trial of evolocumab in patients with HoFH

Amgen announces results from Phase 3 TESLA Trial of evolocumab in patients with HoFH

Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN) today announced that the Phase 3 TESLA (Trial Evaluating PCSK9 Antibody in Subjects with LDL Receptor Abnormalities) trial evaluating evolocumab met its primary endpoint of the percent reduction from baseline at week 12 in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). [More]
Findings suggest that IBS is linked to detectable gut microbiota alterations

Findings suggest that IBS is linked to detectable gut microbiota alterations

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) belongs to the most widespread diseases in Western countries, causing up to sixty per cent of the workload of gastrointestinal physicians. One of the most frequent symptoms of IBS is bloating, which reduces quality of life considerably as patients perceive it as particularly bothersome. [More]

BioFire Diagnostics submits FilmArray GI Panel to FDA for 510(k) clearance

BioFire Diagnostics, LLC today announced that it has submitted the FilmArray Gastrointestinal (GI) Panel to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for 510(k) clearance. The comprehensive FilmArray GI Panel tests for over 20 common bacteria, viruses and parasites that cause infectious diarrhea. [More]
Researchers shed new light on pain associated with bacterial infections

Researchers shed new light on pain associated with bacterial infections

Components in the outer wall of bacteria directly activate pain sensors, triggering immediate pain and inflammatory responses. This finding by a multinational team of researchers led by Professor Karel Talavera (KU Leuven, Belgium) and Professor FĂ©lix Viana (Institute of Neuroscience, Spain) sheds new light on pain associated with bacterial infections and reveals a new target for drugs designed to treat them. [More]
Researchers find difficult to kill Salmonella biofilms with three types of disinfectant

Researchers find difficult to kill Salmonella biofilms with three types of disinfectant

Once Salmonella bacteria get into a food processing facility and have an opportunity to form a biofilm on surfaces, it is likely to be extraordinarily difficult, if not impossible, to kill it, according to research published ahead of print in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology. [More]
Scientists show how a subset of bacterial cells escape being killed by many antibiotics

Scientists show how a subset of bacterial cells escape being killed by many antibiotics

Scientists have made an important advance in understanding how a subset of bacterial cells escape being killed by many antibiotics. [More]

Scientists progress towards understanding how some bacterial cells escape being killed by antibiotics

Scientists have made an important advance in understanding how a subset of bacterial cells escape being killed by many antibiotics. [More]

Researchers discover cancer-killing properties of frankincense in ovarian cancer

Researchers from the University of Leicester have, for the first time, demonstrated the potential of treating ovarian cancer using the Christmas gift frankincense. [More]
Pregnant women, infants should avoid unpasteurized milk products, urge pediatricians

Pregnant women, infants should avoid unpasteurized milk products, urge pediatricians

Pregnant women, infants and young children should avoid raw or unpasteurized milk and milk products and only consume pasteurized products, according to a new policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics. [More]
Study finds consistent sleep pattern can reduce risk of illness among adolescents

Study finds consistent sleep pattern can reduce risk of illness among adolescents

Newly released findings from Bradley Hospital published in the Journal of Sleep Research have found that acute illnesses, such as colds, flu, and gastroenteritis were more common among healthy adolescents who got less sleep at night. Additionally, the regularity of teens' sleep schedules was found to impact their health. [More]
European Commission approves updated label of Prevenar 13 for high risk pneumococcal disease

European Commission approves updated label of Prevenar 13 for high risk pneumococcal disease

Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) announced today that the European Commission approved updates to the Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) for the company's pneumococcal conjugate vaccine Prevenar 13* (pneumococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine [13-valent, adsorbed]), regarding its use in certain populations at high risk of pneumococcal disease. [More]

Researchers develop simple blood test to identify patient with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

For the first time, a simple blood test may be the best way to determine if a patient is suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndrome, or another serious condition such as Inflammatory Bowel Disease, according to Cedars-Sinai physician researcher Mark Pimentel, MD, lead author of a multicenter clinical trial. [More]
Water quality expert investigates health risks associated with bathing waters in UK

Water quality expert investigates health risks associated with bathing waters in UK

By investigating health risks associated with bathing waters, scientists are contributing to future reviews and revision of the EU's Bathing Water Directive. [More]
Coeliac disease on rise in Scots children

Coeliac disease on rise in Scots children

More children than ever before are living with a debilitating digestive disease, research has shown. [More]

Domestic animals less likely to be major source of antibiotic resistant Salmonella in humans

A new study has shown that, contrary to popular belief, local domestic animals are unlikely to be the major source of antibiotic resistant Salmonella in humans. The result comes from a detailed study of DNA from more than 370 Salmonella samples collected over a 22-year period. [More]

Scientists discover that copper alloys shut down highly infectious norovirus

Scientists from the University of Southampton have discovered that copper and copper alloys rapidly destroy norovirus - the highly-infectious sickness bug. [More]

Infant rotavirus vaccination reduced severe gastroenteritis among U.S. children

"Implementation of infant rotavirus vaccination in 2006 has substantially reduced the burden of severe gastroenteritis among U.S. children younger than 5 years," write Paul A. Gastanaduy, M.D., M.P.H., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, and colleagues. "Whether indirect protection (due to reduced transmission of rotavirus) extends to adults remains unclear." [More]