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Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors. HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid, and breast milk.
New book offers advice on how to meet contraceptive needs of women with chronic medical problems

New book offers advice on how to meet contraceptive needs of women with chronic medical problems

Women with chronic medical conditions can be at higher risk for complications during pregnancy and therefore require specialized preconception and contraceptive care and counseling. However, many medical providers are hesitant to prescribe contraception to these women due to concerns about the safety of various contraceptives with co-existing medical disorders. [More]
New study reveals ways to reduce HIV rates in Mexico

New study reveals ways to reduce HIV rates in Mexico

To address the HIV epidemic in Mexico is to address it among men who have sex with men (MSM), because they account for a large percentage of the country's new infections, says Omar Galárraga, assistant professor of health services policy and practice in the Brown University School of Public Health. [More]
Ampro Industries spreads HIV/AIDS awareness through "A Positive Message" campaign

Ampro Industries spreads HIV/AIDS awareness through "A Positive Message" campaign

It is well known that Ampro Industries, Inc., is a leader when it comes to giving back to the community. The company truly believes in going the extra mile for those who have kept their styling gels number one for decades. [More]
Issues on coverage: Steep Rx costs; federal plan eliminates 'transgender exclusion'

Issues on coverage: Steep Rx costs; federal plan eliminates 'transgender exclusion'

Even patients with insurance are finding that specialty drugs can quickly eat a hole in their wallets because insurers are often putting them in a special tier and demanding high consumer co-payments. Also, the State Department is getting rid of the "transgender exclusion" in it largest health plan, and some consumer advocates are suggesting that people getting coverage on the health marketplaces be allowed to get "wrap-around" plans through their employers. [More]
Johns Hopkins' new HIV/AIDS degree program to draw plenty of interest from prospective students

Johns Hopkins' new HIV/AIDS degree program to draw plenty of interest from prospective students

Assistant Professor Jason Farley says one reason he's confident that the new HIV/AIDS degree program at the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing will draw plenty of interest from prospective students is that so many of the current students and alumni he's met over the years arrive on campus with a strong interest in HIV. [More]
New culture system confirms amyloid theory, can revolutionize drug discovery for Alzheimer's disease

New culture system confirms amyloid theory, can revolutionize drug discovery for Alzheimer's disease

An innovative laboratory culture system has succeeded, for the first time, in reproducing the full course of events underlying the development of Alzheimer's disease. [More]
Pharmaceutical industry withdraws from the antibiotic space

Pharmaceutical industry withdraws from the antibiotic space

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has said that at least 2 million Americans are sickened by antibiotic resistant infections each year and survive. [More]
HIV-infected users of stimulants derive benefits from antiretroviral therapy

HIV-infected users of stimulants derive benefits from antiretroviral therapy

New clinical research from UC San Francisco shows that 341 HIV-infected men who reported using stimulants such as methamphetamine or cocaine derived life-saving benefits from being on antiretroviral therapy that were comparable to those of HIV-infected men who do not use stimulants. [More]
Grand Challenges Canada announces 11 seed grants to improve mental health in developing countries

Grand Challenges Canada announces 11 seed grants to improve mental health in developing countries

On the day the world is collectively raising awareness on mental health issues, Grand Challenges Canada, funded by the Government of Canada, announced new funding for 11 novel ideas to improve mental health in developing countries, one of the biggest unmet needs of our time. Seed grants of up to $270,000 are awarded to 11 innovators from Canada and low- and middle-income countries, totalling $2.9 million CAD. [More]
KNCV becomes prime partner for USAID's flagship tuberculosis program

KNCV becomes prime partner for USAID's flagship tuberculosis program

KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, the Dutch NGO specialized in the fight against tuberculosis, will be the prime partner for the United States Agency for International Development in their new five year flagship program 'Challenge TB'. [More]
Revolutionary Hypo-tec Needlestick Injury Prevention Product enters North American market

Revolutionary Hypo-tec Needlestick Injury Prevention Product enters North American market

V3 Healthcare Strategies, a Wisconsin-based Accountable Care Strategies company, announced the North American launch of the revolutionary Hypo-tec Needlestick Injury Prevention Product amidst an environment of infectious catastrophic diseases such as Ebola, Hanta & Hemorrhagic Fevers, while simultaneously protecting against all other infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis and more. [More]
Viewpoints: Relatively few face insurance cancellations; new doctor payment site is 'impenetrable'

Viewpoints: Relatively few face insurance cancellations; new doctor payment site is 'impenetrable'

People are starting to get letters telling them their health insurance plans have been canceled because of the Affordable Care Act. Because the letters will go out just before the midterm congressional elections, they are likely to get a lot of attention. There have been several stories this past week. But the people affected will represent only a small fraction of the population with health insurance (Margot Sanger-Katz, (10/6). [More]
Vitamin D supplement significantly reduces symptoms of winter-related atopic dermatitis

Vitamin D supplement significantly reduces symptoms of winter-related atopic dermatitis

A study conducted in more than 100 Mongolian schoolchildren found that daily treatment with a vitamin D supplement significantly reduced the symptoms of winter-related atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema. [More]
Genetic history of HIV finally unravelled

Genetic history of HIV finally unravelled

Research, published today, shows that the HIV pandemic almost certainly began its global spread in the 1920s in Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of Congo. [More]
Gut microbe in patients may tip doctors about SCID

Gut microbe in patients may tip doctors about SCID

Many people recognize "the bubble boy" as an unusual character from a "Seinfeld" episode or a John Travolta movie. [More]
UCSF gets CDC grant to provide expert guidance to clinicians who prescribe anti-HIV medications

UCSF gets CDC grant to provide expert guidance to clinicians who prescribe anti-HIV medications

The UCSF Clinician Consultation Center at San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center has been funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to provide a PrEPline, a telephone consultation service that gives expert guidance to healthcare providers across the nation who prescribe antiretroviral medications to HIV uninfected individuals to prevent HIV. [More]
New report urges nations to adopt improved data collection efforts for community health workers

New report urges nations to adopt improved data collection efforts for community health workers

A new report finds that developing nations' ability to deal with pressing health challenges like HIV/AIDS and ensuring maternal and newborn survival will be strengthened by creating a common definition for community health workers, as well as a core set of skills and competencies that would help ensure they are optimally trained, supported and deployed to provide care and treatment when and where it is needed most. [More]

Many gay, bisexual men complacent about HIV testing

Gay and bisexual men say HIV is the No. 1 health issue facing their community, but just 30 percent say they were tested for the virus within the last year as recommended. Another 30 percent say they have never been tested, according to a survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation. [More]
Research findings provide clues for design of future HIV vaccine

Research findings provide clues for design of future HIV vaccine

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have described how a single family of antibodies that broadly neutralizes different strains of HIV has evolved remarkably diverse structures to attack a vulnerable site on the virus. [More]
New NIH program awards $2.5 million to spur innovation in mobile health

New NIH program awards $2.5 million to spur innovation in mobile health

A new NIH program is awarding nearly $2.5 million to spur innovation in mobile communication technologies and software applications used in biomedical research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). [More]