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A hormone is a chemical released by one or more cells that affects cells in other parts of the organism. Only a small amount of hormone is required to alter cell metabolism. It is essentially a chemical messenger that transports a signal from one cell to another.
TUM scientists explore link between gastrointestinal microbiota and dietary fats

TUM scientists explore link between gastrointestinal microbiota and dietary fats

Gut bacteria play a little-understood role in the body’s energy balance, which is influenced by diet. However, the crucial nutritional components are unknown. A team at the Technical University of Munich was able to demonstrate for the very first time that mice without gastrointestinal microbiota grow obese when fed with dietary fat from plant sources, but not from animal sources. [More]
Study shows essential role of new receptor in protecting against obesity

Study shows essential role of new receptor in protecting against obesity

The team of scientists from King's College London and Imperial College London tested a high-fat diet, containing a fermentable carbohydrate, and a control diet on mice and looked at the effect on food intake of those with and without the FFAR2 receptor. [More]
Karolinska Institute biologist receives 2016 Naomi Berrie Award for excellence in diabetes research

Karolinska Institute biologist receives 2016 Naomi Berrie Award for excellence in diabetes research

Columbia University has awarded the 2016 Naomi Berrie Award for Outstanding Achievement in Diabetes Research to Peter Arner, MD, PhD, a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Medicine at the Karolinska Institute, whose studies on the turnover of fat tissue in the human body has revealed processes that contribute to obesity and diabetes. [More]
Cancer experts to discuss novel treatment strategies at ESMO Asia 2016 Congress

Cancer experts to discuss novel treatment strategies at ESMO Asia 2016 Congress

The ESMO Asia 2016 Congress announces its press programme today. The meeting brings together cancer experts in Singapore, from 16 to 19 December 2016. [More]
Biologists create bright red fluorescent protein to track essential cellular processes

Biologists create bright red fluorescent protein to track essential cellular processes

After years of trying, biologists have succeeded in creating an extremely bright red fluorescent protein in the lab. [More]
BIDMC researchers discover neural circuitry that plays role in promoting satiety

BIDMC researchers discover neural circuitry that plays role in promoting satiety

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center researchers have identified previously unknown neural circuitry that plays a role in promoting satiety, the feeling of having had enough to eat. [More]
EPFL scientists discover cause for immune attack in type-1 diabetes

EPFL scientists discover cause for immune attack in type-1 diabetes

Type-1 diabetes occurs when immune cells attack the pancreas. EPFL scientists have now discovered what may trigger this attack, opening new directions for treatments. [More]
TSRI scientists offer novel structure-based drug design strategy for better breast cancer treatment

TSRI scientists offer novel structure-based drug design strategy for better breast cancer treatment

While there have been advances in the treatment of hormone-driven breast cancer, resistance to these therapies remains a significant problem. [More]
Already available drug accelerates healing process after hip fracture

Already available drug accelerates healing process after hip fracture

An already available drug can help patients get back on their feet more rapidly after a hip fracture, according to an international study published in the Journal of Bone Joint Surgery. [More]
Omega-3 fatty acids can stimulate activation of brown and beige adipose tissues, study finds

Omega-3 fatty acids can stimulate activation of brown and beige adipose tissues, study finds

Omega-3 fatty acids are able to stimulate the activation of brown and beige adipose tissues, a discovery that would promote the development of new therapies for obesity and other metabolism diseases, according to a research study published in the journal Nature Communications under the supervision of Professor Francesc Villarroya, from the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biomedicine and the Biomedical Research Center Red-Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN) of the Institute of Health Carlos III. [More]
Adolescent obesity may lead to irreparable bone damage

Adolescent obesity may lead to irreparable bone damage

Teenagers who are obese may be doing irreparable damage to their bones, according to a new study being presented next week at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America. [More]
UMass researchers receive federal grant to improve health of low-income African-American men

UMass researchers receive federal grant to improve health of low-income African-American men

Researchers from the University of Massachusetts Amherst have been awarded a five-year, $2.3 million federal grant to study and build upon the success of an innovative program in Springfield, MA to improve the health of low-income African-American men. [More]
Drug combination therapy delays progression of advanced breast cancer without side effects, study shows

Drug combination therapy delays progression of advanced breast cancer without side effects, study shows

Building on earlier clinical trials, UCLA researchers have confirmed that the "breakthrough" drug palbociclib when used in combination with the traditional hormonal therapy letrozole delays progression of advanced breast cancer significantly and without the harsh side effects seen in some women prescribed letrozole alone. [More]
Study finds link between hypoglycemia and mortality risk in hospitalized patients

Study finds link between hypoglycemia and mortality risk in hospitalized patients

In hospitalized patients, low blood sugar—also known as hypoglycemia—is associated with increased short- and long-term mortality risk, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Study shows menopausal hormone therapy can improve bone mass and structure

Study shows menopausal hormone therapy can improve bone mass and structure

Women who undergo hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes can not only increase bone mass, but also can improve bone structure, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Study finds positive link between later age at last pregnancy and cognitive function after menopause

Study finds positive link between later age at last pregnancy and cognitive function after menopause

A new study has found that women have better brainpower after menopause if they had their last baby after age 35, used hormonal contraceptives for more than 10 years or began their menstrual cycle before turning 13. [More]
Novel discovery could provide diabetic patients with better and safer insulin injections

Novel discovery could provide diabetic patients with better and safer insulin injections

Insulin injection, if you've never done it, takes two hands. One hand holds the insulin injector. [More]
Researchers find new therapeutic target of biomedical interest in ischemic injury research

Researchers find new therapeutic target of biomedical interest in ischemic injury research

An international scientific team has developed a new small molecule -VH298- which can provoke a hypoxic response controlled from outside the cells, according to a study recently published in the magazine Nature Communications with its first authors being the expert Carles Galdeano, Beatriu de Pinós researcher at the Department of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology and Physical Chemistry of the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences and the Institute of Biomedicine of the University of Barcelona, and Julianty Frost, from the University of Dundee. [More]
Research shows workings of biochemical pathway that helps control blood glucose

Research shows workings of biochemical pathway that helps control blood glucose

Research led by a Johns Hopkins University biologist demonstrates the workings of a biochemical pathway that helps control glucose in the bloodstream, a development that could potentially lead to treatments for diabetes. [More]
Environmental engineers testing promising new way to clean up harmful contaminants

Environmental engineers testing promising new way to clean up harmful contaminants

They're in stain-resistant carpet, paint, permanent markers, food packaging and firefighting foam. Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), a broad class of manufactured chemicals, touch every corner of the industrialized world. [More]
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