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Highly antibiotic-resistant infections on the rise among U.S. children, study reports

Highly antibiotic-resistant infections on the rise among U.S. children, study reports

Highly drug-resistant infections are on the rise among U.S. children, reports a new study published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. [More]
GW researchers awarded $2.2 million NCI grant to study role of HERVs in cancer

GW researchers awarded $2.2 million NCI grant to study role of HERVs in cancer

George Washington University researchers received a $2.2 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to uncover why certain cancer types increase whereas others are unchanged or even decrease in those with HIV infection. [More]
Portland State University wins Grand Challenges Explorations grant

Portland State University wins Grand Challenges Explorations grant

Portland State University announced today that it is a Grand Challenges Explorations winner, an initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. [More]
Congenital CMV infection highly common among children with cerebral palsy, study finds

Congenital CMV infection highly common among children with cerebral palsy, study finds

Cytomegalovirus is a common herpesvirus that can cross the placenta, infect the fetus and cause damage to the developing brain. [More]
NIH researchers identify antibody that potently neutralizes 98% of HIV strains

NIH researchers identify antibody that potently neutralizes 98% of HIV strains

Scientists from the National Institutes of Health have identified an antibody from an HIV-infected person that potently neutralized 98 percent of HIV isolates tested, including 16 of 20 strains resistant to other antibodies of the same class. [More]
Research supports re-introduction of penicillin-type antibiotics as adjunct therapeutic for MRSA infections

Research supports re-introduction of penicillin-type antibiotics as adjunct therapeutic for MRSA infections

Microbiologists have identified how MRSA may be more effectively treated by modern-day antibiotics, if old-fashioned penicillin is also used. [More]
Leishmaniasis infection rates increase among ecotourists, soldiers in the U.S.

Leishmaniasis infection rates increase among ecotourists, soldiers in the U.S.

Driven by burgeoning ecotourism and military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan, a parasitic infection called leishmaniasis is showing up in more U.S. patients, often stumping doctors. [More]
Low-cost eye drops just as effective as antibiotics in treating bacterial keratitis, study reports

Low-cost eye drops just as effective as antibiotics in treating bacterial keratitis, study reports

Bacterial keratitis, an infection of the cornea often caused by contact lenses, malnutrition, or an injury, can lead to corneal scarring, one of the leading causes of blindness around the globe, according to the World Health Organization. It has blinded more than 400,000 children worldwide. [More]
Scientists discover important link between immune system, gut bacteria and glucose metabolism

Scientists discover important link between immune system, gut bacteria and glucose metabolism

Researchers at Oregon State University and other institutions have discovered an important link between the immune system, gut bacteria and glucose metabolism -- a "cross-talk" and interaction that can lead to type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome when not functioning correctly. [More]
NPS MedicineWise urges people to understand that antibiotic resistance is happening here and now

NPS MedicineWise urges people to understand that antibiotic resistance is happening here and now

This global Antibiotic Awareness Week (14-20 November 2016), Australians are being urged to understand that antibiotic resistance is happening here and now, with increased rates of resistance being reported to many commonly-used antibiotics. [More]
Fun with exercise may help improve physical activity among young people with autism and ADHD

Fun with exercise may help improve physical activity among young people with autism and ADHD

The best way to help young people with neurodevelopmental disorders like autism and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder get more exercise is to make it fun, according to a small international sampling of adults living with them. [More]
New guidelines offer way for parents to introduce peanut-containing foods to reduce allergy risk

New guidelines offer way for parents to introduce peanut-containing foods to reduce allergy risk

Parents may be confused with how and when to introduce peanut-containing foods to their infants. [More]
International consortium awarded $36.9 million grant to accelerate introduction of new typhoid vaccines

International consortium awarded $36.9 million grant to accelerate introduction of new typhoid vaccines

Typhoid fever, a bacterial infection that causes high fever and other disabling symptoms, remains a serious global problem in the developing world: it kills almost a quarter of a million people annually, and infects about 21 million. [More]
New research shows how synthetic DNA vaccine approach protects against Zika virus infection

New research shows how synthetic DNA vaccine approach protects against Zika virus infection

As the global spread of the Zika virus continues, efforts are underway to halt the disease's transmission. [More]
Researchers lay foundation for improved TB treatment by targeting new enzyme

Researchers lay foundation for improved TB treatment by targeting new enzyme

Researchers at Johns Hopkins report they have laid the foundation to develop novel antibiotics that work against incurable, antibiotic-resistant bacteria like tuberculosis by targeting an enzyme essential to the production and integrity of bacterial cell walls. [More]
NCATS funds collaboration initiative aimed at repurposing antimalarial to combat Ebola virus

NCATS funds collaboration initiative aimed at repurposing antimalarial to combat Ebola virus

The National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences recently awarded $596,533.00 to Collaborations Pharmaceuticals, Inc. to initiate a partnership with Texas Biomedical Research Institute aimed at repurposing an antimalarial for use against the Ebola virus. [More]
Research offers new insights into how immunotherapy could help treat or functionally cure HIV

Research offers new insights into how immunotherapy could help treat or functionally cure HIV

Immunotherapy has revolutionized treatment options in oncology, neurology, and many infectious diseases and now there is fresh hope that the same method could be used to treat or functionally cure HIV, according to two related studies from Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and the National Institutes of Health. [More]
Experimental vaccine/immune stimulant combination may lead to viral remission in HIV patients

Experimental vaccine/immune stimulant combination may lead to viral remission in HIV patients

A study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, in collaboration with scientists at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V., one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson and Gilead Sciences, Inc., has demonstrated that combining an experimental vaccine with an innate immune stimulant may help lead to viral remission in people living with HIV. [More]
Investigational treatment combination improves virologic control in SIV-infected monkeys

Investigational treatment combination improves virologic control in SIV-infected monkeys

Researchers have found that an investigational treatment combination of a therapeutic vaccine and an immune-stimulator improves virologic control and delays viral rebound following the discontinuation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in non-human primates infected with SIV, the simian form of HIV. [More]
Researchers discover signaling pathway that can stop brain tumor formation in animal models

Researchers discover signaling pathway that can stop brain tumor formation in animal models

A research team at the Krembil Research Institute has discovered that a signaling pathway which controls blood vessel development in the brain has the ability to stop brain tumor formation in animal models of medulloblastoma, the most common malignant brain tumor diagnosed in children. [More]
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