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Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
Whey protein drink can control erratic glucose levels associated with type 2 diabetes

Whey protein drink can control erratic glucose levels associated with type 2 diabetes

Blood sugar surges - after-meal glucose "spikes" - can be life threatening for the 29 million Americans with diabetes. Diabetic blood sugar spikes have been linked to cardiovascular disease, cancer, Alzheimer's disease, kidney failure, and retinal damage. [More]
New, promising approach combines metformin and SGLT2 inhibitors to treat diabetes

New, promising approach combines metformin and SGLT2 inhibitors to treat diabetes

Various active substances in oral antidiabetic agents are frequently combined in the treatment of diabetes in order to achieve an effective reduction in the blood sugar. A new, very promising approach combines the substances metformin and SGLT2 inhibitors, the latter were just approved in 2012. [More]
Metformin and SGLT2 inhibitors together reduce blood sugar levels

Metformin and SGLT2 inhibitors together reduce blood sugar levels

Metformin and SGLT2 inhibitors together reduce the blood sugar levels considerably more effectively than either drug alone. [More]
Findings shed light on why PPARγ activators have side effect of promoting weight gain

Findings shed light on why PPARγ activators have side effect of promoting weight gain

The brain plays a central role in regulating appetite and whole-body metabolism. A protein known as PPARγ is important in the brain's control of food intake and body weight, but the identity of the neurons regulating this process has been unclear. [More]
Diabetes linked to increased head and neck cancer risk

Diabetes linked to increased head and neck cancer risk

People with diabetes mellitus have a significantly increased risk of developing head and neck cancer compared with those without the condition, show results of a large study conducted in Taiwan. [More]
Researchers identify possible new drug target for treating childhood blood cancer

Researchers identify possible new drug target for treating childhood blood cancer

In what is believed to be the largest genetic analysis of what triggers and propels progression of tumor growth in a common childhood blood cancer, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center report that they have identified a possible new drug target for treating the disease. [More]
Tree nuts have positive impact on glycemic control in diabetes and on metabolic syndrome criteria

Tree nuts have positive impact on glycemic control in diabetes and on metabolic syndrome criteria

Two new meta-analyses involving tree nuts (almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamias, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios and walnuts) were recently published in the online publications, British Medical Journal Open (BMJ Open) and PLOS ONE. [More]
Researchers find promising technique for type 1 diabetics to restore insulin producing cells

Researchers find promising technique for type 1 diabetics to restore insulin producing cells

A new study by researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute (Sanford-Burnham) has found that a peptide called caerulein can convert existing cells in the pancreas into those cells destroyed in type 1 diabetes-insulin-producing beta cells. [More]
ChromaDex to provide Murdoch Childrens Research Institute with NR ingredient for research use

ChromaDex to provide Murdoch Childrens Research Institute with NR ingredient for research use

ChromaDex Corp., an innovative natural products company that provides proprietary ingredients and science-based solutions to the dietary supplement, food and beverage, animal health, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries, announced today it has entered into a material transfer agreement (MTA) with Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, the preeminent child health research institute in Australia. [More]
GSK announces availability of once-weekly Tanzeum in pharmacies throughout the U.S.

GSK announces availability of once-weekly Tanzeum in pharmacies throughout the U.S.

GSK today announced that once-weekly Tanzeum (albiglutide), a prescription injectable treatment for type 2 diabetes in adults, as an adjunct to diet and exercise, is now available in pharmacies throughout the U.S. [More]
Probiotics have ‘modest’ effect on blood pressure

Probiotics have ‘modest’ effect on blood pressure

The consumption of probiotics may help to reduce blood pressure, say the authors of a meta-analysis. [More]
Childhood obesity linked to early puberty

Childhood obesity linked to early puberty

A new link has been identified between obesity in childhood and the lowering of the age of puberty. [More]
Research report on global insulin market

Research report on global insulin market

According to a new market report published by Transparency Market Research "Global and China Insulin Market (Rapid-Acting, Short-Acting, Intermediate-Acting, Long-Acting, Premixed, Modern and Human Insulin) - Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast (Value and Volume), 2013 - 2019", the global insulin market was valued at USD 19.99 billion in 2012 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.1% from 2013 to 2019 to reach USD 32.24 billion in 2019. [More]
Xbp1s protein plays key role in brain regions to regulate metabolism

Xbp1s protein plays key role in brain regions to regulate metabolism

A protein that controls when genes are switched on or off plays a key role in specific areas of the brain to regulate metabolism, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found. [More]
Researchers examine effects of bacteria in fighting against obesity

Researchers examine effects of bacteria in fighting against obesity

A probiotic that prevents obesity could be on the horizon. Bacteria that produce a therapeutic compound in the gut inhibit weight gain, insulin resistance and other adverse effects of a high-fat diet in mice, Vanderbilt University investigators have discovered. [More]
Discovery could lead to new therapies for treating Type 2 diabetes, obesity

Discovery could lead to new therapies for treating Type 2 diabetes, obesity

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified neural pathways that increase understanding of how the brain regulates body weight, energy expenditure, and blood glucose levels - a discovery that can lead to new therapies for treating Type 2 diabetes and obesity. [More]
XPro1595 drug can protect vulnerable neurons, reduce motor deficits in Parkinson's model

XPro1595 drug can protect vulnerable neurons, reduce motor deficits in Parkinson's model

An experimental anti-inflammatory drug can protect vulnerable neurons and reduce motor deficits in a rat model of Parkinson's disease, researchers at Emory University School of Medicine have shown. [More]

Autophagy prevents accumulation of toxic proteins associated with type 2 diabetes

People with Type 2 diabetes have an excess of a protein called islet amyloid polypeptide, or IAPP, and the accumulation of this protein is linked to the loss of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. [More]
Study identifies molecular mechanisms could lead to new therapies to treat obesity, diabetes

Study identifies molecular mechanisms could lead to new therapies to treat obesity, diabetes

A protein that controls when genes are switched on or off plays a key role in specific areas of the brain to regulate metabolism, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found. [More]
Researchers recommend low carbohydrate diet for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

Researchers recommend low carbohydrate diet for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

A new study involving researchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham and other institutions says patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes should eat a diet low in carbohydrates. [More]