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Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
Study finds link between hypoglycemia and mortality risk in hospitalized patients

Study finds link between hypoglycemia and mortality risk in hospitalized patients

In hospitalized patients, low blood sugar—also known as hypoglycemia—is associated with increased short- and long-term mortality risk, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Researchers need to know more about proinsulin misfolding to better understand diabetes

Researchers need to know more about proinsulin misfolding to better understand diabetes

According to the World Health Organization, 422 million adults across the globe have diabetes. In fact, the number of adults with the disease continues to grow each year. [More]
Novel discovery could provide diabetic patients with better and safer insulin injections

Novel discovery could provide diabetic patients with better and safer insulin injections

Insulin injection, if you've never done it, takes two hands. One hand holds the insulin injector. [More]
Early identification may be key to stop type 2 diabetes

Early identification may be key to stop type 2 diabetes

What's the best way to stop type 2 diabetes? Find it before it becomes a problem. "The phrase I use is prevention by detection," said Joseph Aloi, M.D., section chief of endocrinology and metabolism at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. [More]
Research sheds new light on potential of anti-inflammatory cytokines in treating aging-related metabolic diseases

Research sheds new light on potential of anti-inflammatory cytokines in treating aging-related metabolic diseases

New research published online in The FASEB Journal suggests that the anti-inflammatory molecule IL-10 may do more than just reduce inflammation. [More]
Researchers developing new non-invasive device for monitoring blood glucose levels

Researchers developing new non-invasive device for monitoring blood glucose levels

People with diabetes are one step closer to more easily checking their blood glucose levels with a non-invasive device for detecting and monitoring blood glucose levels, which is currently in development. [More]
Research shows workings of biochemical pathway that helps control blood glucose

Research shows workings of biochemical pathway that helps control blood glucose

Research led by a Johns Hopkins University biologist demonstrates the workings of a biochemical pathway that helps control glucose in the bloodstream, a development that could potentially lead to treatments for diabetes. [More]
New wearable medical device may reduce visceral fat, improve blood glucose in diabetes patients

New wearable medical device may reduce visceral fat, improve blood glucose in diabetes patients

Although effective for the treatment of diabetes, exercise is sometimes difficult for overweight or elderly people. [More]
NRS Healthcare creates video and infographic to raise awareness of diabetes

NRS Healthcare creates video and infographic to raise awareness of diabetes

In order to raise awareness around Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes as well as “Diabulimia”, a recently reported condition where young people with diabetes choose not to take their insulin in order to lose weight, NRS Healthcare has created an informational infographic and video. [More]
Higher sugar-sweetened beverage intake, not diet soda linked to risk of developing prediabetes

Higher sugar-sweetened beverage intake, not diet soda linked to risk of developing prediabetes

Adult Americans who regularly consumed sugar-sweetened beverages (roughly one can of soda per day) had a 46 percent higher risk of developing prediabetes compared to low- or non-consumers over a 14-year period, according to a new epidemiological analysis led by scientists at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University. [More]
Study establishes various depression predictors among adult women with diabetes

Study establishes various depression predictors among adult women with diabetes

Research shows that adults with diabetes are disproportionately prone to depression. A breadth of research has shown this risk to be significantly greater for women than it is for men. [More]
Scientists discover new mechanism responsible for regulation of glucose metabolism

Scientists discover new mechanism responsible for regulation of glucose metabolism

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that has become increasingly prevalent in the population: More than six million people are affected by the disease alone in Germany. [More]
BD introduces first insulin syringe for people with diabetes taking Humulin R U-500

BD introduces first insulin syringe for people with diabetes taking Humulin R U-500

BD, a leading global medical technology company announced today the launch of the BD U-500 Insulin Syringe, the first insulin syringe developed for people with diabetes taking Humulin R U-500 insulin, which is manufactured by Eli Lilly & Company. [More]
Targeted precision medicine can eliminate cancer risk in patients with Type 2 diabetes

Targeted precision medicine can eliminate cancer risk in patients with Type 2 diabetes

The links between Type 2 diabetes and cancer are complex: people suffering from diabetes mellitus essentially have a higher risk of developing cancer but, on top of that, some diabetes drugs are also suspected of increasing the risk in some cases. [More]
Researchers shed light on how success of gut microbiome treatments may depend on genetics

Researchers shed light on how success of gut microbiome treatments may depend on genetics

Our gut microbiomes--the bacteria that live in our digestive tract--play major roles in our health. Scientists around the world are studying therapies that manipulate the microbiome, including probiotics (such as live bacterial cultures in yogurt), prebiotics (edible fibers meant to promote beneficial bacteria), antibiotics and transplants of microbes from healthy people. [More]
Exercise may protect against dangers of weeklong overeating

Exercise may protect against dangers of weeklong overeating

Exercise protects fat tissue from changes in inflammation levels and fat metabolism caused by a week of overeating, a new study finds. University of Michigan researchers will present the results of their study today at the Integrative Biology of Exercise 7 meeting in Phoenix. [More]
Proteins in the blood of children can predict risk for incipient type 1 diabetes

Proteins in the blood of children can predict risk for incipient type 1 diabetes

Certain proteins in the blood of children can predict incipient type 1 diabetes, even before the first symptoms appear. A team of scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München, partners in the German Center for Diabetes Research, reported these findings in the 'Diabetologia' journal. [More]
Physical activity during pregnancy may help protect offspring from age-related health risks

Physical activity during pregnancy may help protect offspring from age-related health risks

Exercise during pregnancy may be as effective in protecting the next generation from age-related health risks as efforts made during the offspring's own adulthood, new research suggests. [More]
Vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy may predispose children to type-2 diabetes

Vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy may predispose children to type-2 diabetes

B12 deficiency during pregnancy may predispose children to metabolic problems such as type-2 diabetes, according to research presented today at the Society for Endocrinology's annual Conference in Brighton. [More]
High-protein diets may help prevent chronic diseases by reducing liver fat

High-protein diets may help prevent chronic diseases by reducing liver fat

According to a new nutritional study conducted by the German Institute of Human Nutrition on individuals with type 2 diabetes, high-protein diets reduced liver fat by up to 48 percent within six weeks. It did not matter whether the diet was mainly based on plant or animal protein. [More]
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