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Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Insulin allows cells to use glucose for fuel and is secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. The release of insulin from the pancreas is stimulated by increased blood glucose, vagal nerve stimulation, and other factors. Insulin is obtained from various animals and available in a variety of preparations. Commercial insulin preparations differ in a number of ways, including differences in the animal species from which they are obtained; their purity, concentration, and solubility; and the time of onset and duration of their biologic action. An oral hypoglycemic agent is not a form of insulin therapy.
Study finds no added benefit for insulin degludec and liraglutide in type 2 diabetes

Study finds no added benefit for insulin degludec and liraglutide in type 2 diabetes

The fixed-ratio combination of the two drugs insulin degludec and liraglutide (trade name: Xultophy) has been approved since September 2014 for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is given as an injection in addition to other blood-glucose lowering drugs when these alone or in combination with basal insulin are insufficient to lower blood glucose levels. [More]
Insulin pump users face less risk of dying from cardiovascular disease

Insulin pump users face less risk of dying from cardiovascular disease

People with type 1 diabetes who use insulin pump therapy face almost 50% less risk of dying from cardiovascular disease than those who take insulin by multiple daily injections. The British Medical Journal has published a study conducted at Sahlgrenska Academy. [More]
New VA study demonstrates cardiovascular benefits of testosterone replacement therapy

New VA study demonstrates cardiovascular benefits of testosterone replacement therapy

A Veterans Affairs database study of more than 83,000 patients found that men whose low testosterone was restored to normal through gels, patches, or injections had a lower risk of heart attack, stroke, or death from any cause, versus similar men who were not treated. [More]
Lexicon Pharmaceuticals' revenues decrease to $0.4 million in second quarter 2015

Lexicon Pharmaceuticals' revenues decrease to $0.4 million in second quarter 2015

Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc., today reported financial results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2015 and provided an overview of key milestones for the company's lead drug candidates. [More]
Researchers show how microbiota protects against type 1 diabetes development

Researchers show how microbiota protects against type 1 diabetes development

Our bodies have ten times the amount of microbes than human cells. This set of bacteria is called microbiota. In some instances, bacteria known as pathogens can cause infectious diseases. However, these micro-organisms can also protect us from certain diseases. Researchers from Inserm, Paris Descartes University and the CNRS (French National Centre for Scientific Research), through collaboration with teams from China and Sweden, have recently shown how microbiota protects against the development of type 1 diabetes. [More]
Inflammation from diets deficient in nutrients contribute to weight despite intake of macronutrients

Inflammation from diets deficient in nutrients contribute to weight despite intake of macronutrients

If you are watching what you eat, working out, and still not seeing improvements in your cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar, etc., here's some hope. A new report appearing in the August 2015 issue of The FASEB Journal suggests that inflammation induced by deficiencies in vitamins and minerals might be the culprit. [More]
Researchers show how realistic environments affect growth of cancer tumors in bones

Researchers show how realistic environments affect growth of cancer tumors in bones

Researchers at Rice University and University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have developed a way to mimic the conditions under which cancer tumors grow in bones. [More]
Certain genes exposed to harsh environmental factors can increase diabetes risk

Certain genes exposed to harsh environmental factors can increase diabetes risk

Arsenic, which can be present in ground water, modifies an enzyme that alters the secretion of insulin in the pancreas. Physicians, usually, show type II diabetes as a consequence of an exaggerated food intake and lack of exercise; however, there are about 50 genes that cause changes in the DNA, known as polymorphisms, that when combined with harsh environmental factors are at increased risk of developing the disease, mentioned PhD Marta Ostrosky Wegman, director of the Institute for Biomedical Research the National University of Mexico (UNAM). [More]
Researchers reveal how insulin reaches and acts in the brain to improve memory

Researchers reveal how insulin reaches and acts in the brain to improve memory

Researchers at the UW Medicine, Veteran's Administration Puget Sound and Saint Louis University have made a promising discovery that insulin delivered high up in the nasal cavity goes to affected areas of brain with lasting results in improving memory. [More]
Resverlogix announces formation of international Clinical Steering Committee for RVX-208 "apabetalone" Phase 3 trial

Resverlogix announces formation of international Clinical Steering Committee for RVX-208 "apabetalone" Phase 3 trial

Resverlogix Corp. is pleased to announce the formation of an international Clinical Steering Committee for the RVX-208 "apabetalone" Phase 3 clinical trial BETonMACE assessing major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in high-risk vascular patients with diabetes mellitus and a recent Acute Coronary Syndrome event. BETonMACE is expected to start in the fall of 2015. [More]
TWi Biotechnology gets notice of patent allowance covering use of AC-201 drug in diabetes treatment

TWi Biotechnology gets notice of patent allowance covering use of AC-201 drug in diabetes treatment

TAIPEI, Aug. 3, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- TWi Biotechnology, Inc., today announced that it has received Notices of Allowance for AC-201, TWi Biotechnology's lead drug candidate, from the European Patent Office and the Patent Office of the Russian Federation for patent applications numbered 11766702.2-1460 and 2012147449, respectively. [More]
Redox equilibrium may help identify new diagnostic biomarkers for ageing, neurodegenerative processes

Redox equilibrium may help identify new diagnostic biomarkers for ageing, neurodegenerative processes

The question of why we age is one of the most fascinating questions for humankind, but nothing close to a satisfactory answer has been found to date. [More]
Integrated treatment required for diabetes-eating disorder combination

Integrated treatment required for diabetes-eating disorder combination

As they reach their teens, many with type 1 diabetes discover that the disease provides a secret weapon for losing weight. By restricting or reducing the amount of insulin they inject, they can eat just about anything they want and control their weight. [More]
New research shows promising progress in use of anti-inflammatory cytokine for T1D treatment

New research shows promising progress in use of anti-inflammatory cytokine for T1D treatment

New research from Uppsala University shows promising progress in the use of anti-inflammatory cytokine for treatment of type 1 diabetes. The study, published in the open access journal Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group), reveals that administration of interleukin-35 (a protein made by immune cells) to mice with type 1 diabetes, reverses or cures the disease by maintaining a normal blood glucose level and the immune tolerance. [More]
Bioenergetic analysis of pancreatic beta-cells shows impaired metabolic signature in type 2 diabetes patients

Bioenergetic analysis of pancreatic beta-cells shows impaired metabolic signature in type 2 diabetes patients

Impaired activation of mitochondrial energy metabolism in the presence of glucose has been demonstrated in pancreatic beta-cells from patients with type 2 diabetes. The cause of this dysfunction has been unknown. Publishing online in Endocrinology, Buck Institute assistant research professor Akos Gerencser, PhD, shows that in patients with type 2 diabetes the balance between supply and demand of the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔψM) is altered causing a decrease in the signaling that turns on insulin secretion. [More]
NEJM publishes positive clinical results from Phase 2 clinical study of volanesorsen

NEJM publishes positive clinical results from Phase 2 clinical study of volanesorsen

Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc., the leader in RNA-targeted therapeutics, and Akcea Therapeutics, its wholly owned subsidiary, announced today that The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) has published positive clinical results from a Phase 2 clinical study evaluating volanesorsen (formerly ISIS-APOCIII Rx) in patients with very high to severely high triglycerides. [More]
Low blood level of 4 proteins can help diabetics protect against immune attack

Low blood level of 4 proteins can help diabetics protect against immune attack

Patients with type 1 diabetes have significantly lower blood levels of four proteins that help protect their tissue from attack by their immune system, scientists report. [More]
Endocrine Society recommends removal of tumor as first-line treatment for endogenous Cushing's syndrome

Endocrine Society recommends removal of tumor as first-line treatment for endogenous Cushing's syndrome

The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) on strategies for treating Cushing's syndrome, a condition caused by overexposure to the hormone cortisol. [More]
LixiLan-O Phase III clinical trial meets primary endpoint in patients with type 2 diabetes

LixiLan-O Phase III clinical trial meets primary endpoint in patients with type 2 diabetes

Sanofi announced today that the LixiLan-O Phase III clinical trial met its primary objective in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with metformin. The fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine 100 units/mL and lixisenatide, a GLP-1 RA, demonstrated statistically superior reduction in HbA1c (average blood glucose over the previous three months) compared with lixisenatide and compared with insulin glargine 100 units/mL. [More]
CMC Biologics, River Vision sign manufacturing agreement for Teprotumumab to treat Grave's Orbitopathy

CMC Biologics, River Vision sign manufacturing agreement for Teprotumumab to treat Grave's Orbitopathy

CMC Biologics, a global leader in clinical and commercial manufacturing of therapeutic proteins, and River Vision Development Corporation (River Vision), a private company focused on ophthalmology, announced today that they have entered into an agreement for the process transfer and cGMP production of RV001 (Teprotumumab) – a recombinant monoclonal antibody targeting insulin-like growth factor 1 that is in development for treatment of Grave's Orbitopathy and other indications. [More]
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