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Life expectancy is the expected (in the statistical sense) number of years of life remaining at a given age. It is denoted by e''x'', which means the average number of subsequent years of life for someone now aged ''x'', according to a particular mortality experience.
Simple microRNA sensor holds promise for prognosis, treatment of pancreatic and other cancers

Simple microRNA sensor holds promise for prognosis, treatment of pancreatic and other cancers

A simple, ultrasensitive microRNA sensor developed and tested by researchers from the schools of science and medicine at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis and the Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center holds promise for the design of new diagnostic strategies and, potentially, for the prognosis and treatment of pancreatic and other cancers. [More]
Shorter patients receive lung transplants at lower rates

Shorter patients receive lung transplants at lower rates

Short people have several health advantages over tall people, including lower risk for cancer and heart disease, and longer life expectancy. But there's at least one health-related downside to being small: the odds of getting a lung transplant are considerably lower. [More]
Lowering blood pressure below currently recommended targets reduces risk of stroke, heart attack

Lowering blood pressure below currently recommended targets reduces risk of stroke, heart attack

Using intensive treatment to lower blood pressure below currently recommended targets significantly reduces rates of major cardiovascular events like stroke and heart attack among a wide range of high-risk patients, according to a large meta-analysis involving almost 45000 individuals, published in The Lancet. [More]
Drugs that target malignant cells increase life expectancy in advanced breast cancer patients

Drugs that target malignant cells increase life expectancy in advanced breast cancer patients

Clinical studies show that new drugs that target malignant cells of HER2-positive breast cancer, such as Pertuzumab and Trastuzumab Emtansine (T-DM1), increase life expectancy in patients with advanced breast cancer. [More]
Addressing quality of life needs in prostate cancer: an interview with Professor Louis Denis

Addressing quality of life needs in prostate cancer: an interview with Professor Louis Denis

Modern patient-directed management is based on optimal, individual medical treatment and holistic personalised patient-centred care. This is certainly true in prostate cancer where most patients are over 60 years of age. They face a negative physical and functional impact from the diagnosis as well as from the treatment with emotional and social challenges. [More]
Alnylam presents positive ongoing phase 2 open-label extension data for Patisiran and Revusiran

Alnylam presents positive ongoing phase 2 open-label extension data for Patisiran and Revusiran

Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc. has announced new results from its ongoing Phase 2 open-label extension (OLE) studies with patisiran and revusiran, investigational RNAi therapeutics targeting transthyretin (TTR) for the treatment of TTR-mediated amyloidosis (ATTR amyloidosis). [More]
New studies analyse life expectancy, causes of death and child mortality in different regions of China

New studies analyse life expectancy, causes of death and child mortality in different regions of China

Two new studies, published in The Lancet, reveal for the first time how health in different regions of China has changed in recent decades. [More]
Drug that relieves opioid-induced constipation may help some cancer patients live longer

Drug that relieves opioid-induced constipation may help some cancer patients live longer

Patients with advanced cancers who took a drug designed to relieve constipation caused by pain killers lived longer and had fewer reports of tumor progression than cancer patients who did not receive the drug, according to results presented October 27 at the 2015 meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists in San Diego. This is the first study in humans to associate opioid blockade with improved survival. [More]
Researchers develop new growth charts for U.S. children with Down syndrome

Researchers develop new growth charts for U.S. children with Down syndrome

Pediatric researchers have developed the first set of growth charts for U.S. children with Down syndrome since 1988. These new charts provide an important tool for pediatricians to evaluate growth milestones for children and adolescents with this condition. With these new charts, pediatricians will be able to compare each patient's growth patterns with peers of the same age and sex who have Down syndrome. [More]
ISIBELa joint research project aims to improve cancer therapy

ISIBELa joint research project aims to improve cancer therapy

Some individuals experience cancer recurrence when they enter adolescence or adulthood after they have been successfully treated for cancer in childhood while others don't. But why is this? This is the core question being considered in a research project directed by the University Medical Center of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz. [More]
Localisation of policies crucial to China's health reforms, new studies suggest

Localisation of policies crucial to China's health reforms, new studies suggest

Two new studies, published in The Lancet, reveal for the first time how health in different regions of China has changed in recent decades. The articles analyse life expectancy, causes of death, and child mortality for 31 provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions of China, and Hongkong and Macao special administrative regions, finding that in the last two decades, life expectancy has risen, and deaths in children under 5 years have fallen, in every province. [More]
Chronic diseases increased dramatically among poorest households in Bangladesh, suggests new research

Chronic diseases increased dramatically among poorest households in Bangladesh, suggests new research

The number of people in Bangladesh dying from chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes and hypertension—long considered diseases of the wealthy because the poor didn't tend to live long enough to develop them—increased dramatically among the nation's poorest households over a 24-year period, suggests new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. [More]
Findings suggest a potential "early warning" detection system for Alzheimer's disease

Findings suggest a potential "early warning" detection system for Alzheimer's disease

The findings suggest a potential "early warning" detection system for Alzheimer's disease, even in young and asymptomatic individuals. [More]

American Cancer Society updates mammogram guidelines

The American Cancer Society has issued new recommendations on when women should get mammograms and how frequently they should get them. This is in contrast to the previous guidelines which stated that women should get them at age 40. [More]
Patient-physician communication can help determine true life expectancy of older adults

Patient-physician communication can help determine true life expectancy of older adults

Health care providers must have detailed discussions with their older adult patients to better determine their true life expectancy, as older adults do not accurately predict their own prognosis, a key factor in making decisions about future health interventions, according to researchers at UC San Francisco and San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center. [More]
Rutgers School of Nursing takes lead in $6 million nationwide effort to prevent new HIV infections

Rutgers School of Nursing takes lead in $6 million nationwide effort to prevent new HIV infections

Rutgers School of Nursing is taking the lead in a $6 million nationwide effort to greatly reduce new HIV infections - a battle complicated by both the aging of career HIV health care professionals and a failure to engage all people living with HIV into treatment. [More]
Study reveals high rates of preventable cancers in Indigenous peoples of high-income countries

Study reveals high rates of preventable cancers in Indigenous peoples of high-income countries

Research published in The Lancet Oncology, led by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) on the scale and profile of cancer in indigenous peoples of the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand has revealed high rates of often preventable cancers including lung and cervical cancer, emphasising the need for targeted prevention strategies in these populations. [More]
New hope for patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

New hope for patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

New hope for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients. A mouse genetic study in PLoS Medicine reports that targeting the P2RX7 gene, a purinoreceptor, may halt the progression of DMD. [More]
Cost effectiveness, health benefits of implementing rebate program for low-income households

Cost effectiveness, health benefits of implementing rebate program for low-income households

Providing low-income households that receive federal food assistance benefits with financial incentives to buy fruits and vegetables would encourage them to purchase and consume more healthy food, and slightly increase their longevity, a new study suggests. [More]
Novel portable device counts white blood cells in real time

Novel portable device counts white blood cells in real time

A novel way to count white blood cells without a blood test, simply by applying a small device on the fingertip, is being developed by a team of young bioengineers. The technology, that combines an optical sensor with algorithms, has already three prototypes on the go and is specially designed to be used on chemotherapy patients, who could know their immune system levels in real time. It could also serve to detect serious infections. [More]
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