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A macrophage is a type of white blood cell that surrounds and kills microorganisms, removes dead cells, and stimulates the action of other immune system cells.
Study reveals how stem cells work to improve lung function in ARDS

Study reveals how stem cells work to improve lung function in ARDS

A new study has revealed how stem cells work to improve lung function in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). [More]
New breast cancer vaccine provides evidence of immunotherapy in preventing disease recurrence

New breast cancer vaccine provides evidence of immunotherapy in preventing disease recurrence

A new breast cancer vaccine candidate, (GP2), provides further evidence of the potential of immunotherapy in preventing disease recurrence. This is especially the case for high-risk patients when it is combined with a powerful immunotherapy drug. [More]
Scientists identify how immune cells use two critical receptors to clear dead cells from the body

Scientists identify how immune cells use two critical receptors to clear dead cells from the body

In most of the tissues of the body, specialized immune cells are entrusted with the task of engulfing the billions of dead cells that are generated every day. [More]
Investigators make thought-provoking discovery about type of cholesterol believed to be "bad guy"

Investigators make thought-provoking discovery about type of cholesterol believed to be "bad guy"

A team of investigators at the University of Kentucky has made a thought-provoking discovery about a type of cholesterol previously believed to be a "bad guy" in the development of heart disease and other conditions. [More]
Artificial cells to devour undesirables: an interview with Dr. Takanari Inoue

Artificial cells to devour undesirables: an interview with Dr. Takanari Inoue

If junk is not removed, pathological conditions can develop. For example, in one condition, the neutrophil count significantly decreases. Neutrophils remove pathogens and people with a reduced neutrophil count are more prone to infection, especially to rare bacteria that wouldn’t cause infection under normal conditions. [More]
Amgen seeks EMA approval for marketing talimogene laherparepvec

Amgen seeks EMA approval for marketing talimogene laherparepvec

Amgen today announced the submission of a Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) to the European Medicines Agency (EMA) via the centralized procedure for talimogene laherparepvec seeking approval for the treatment of adults with melanoma that is regionally or distantly metastatic. [More]
Scientists identify long-overlooked function of vascular smooth muscle cells in atherosclerosis

Scientists identify long-overlooked function of vascular smooth muscle cells in atherosclerosis

Scientists at the Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry (IFIB) have collaborated with colleagues from the Department of Pharmacy and the Department of Dermatology of the University of Tübingen to identify a long-overlooked function of vascular smooth muscle cells in atherosclerosis. [More]
Exploiting chemical response from body's immune system to attack pathogens using copper

Exploiting chemical response from body's immune system to attack pathogens using copper

Harnessing a natural process in the body that pumps lethal doses of copper to fungi and bacteria shows promise as a new way to kill infectious microbes, a team of scientists at Duke University report. [More]
Findings reveal new way to identify non-antibiotic drugs that could help curb bacterial infections

Findings reveal new way to identify non-antibiotic drugs that could help curb bacterial infections

About 100 drugs already approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for other purposes can also prevent the growth of certain bacterial pathogens inside human cells, including those that cause Legionnaires' disease, brucellosis, and Mediterranean spotted fever. [More]
Learning role of immune-system cells in digestive tracts may lead to new treatments for IBS

Learning role of immune-system cells in digestive tracts may lead to new treatments for IBS

Learning the role of immune-system cells in healthy digestive tracts and how they interact with neighboring nerve cells may lead to new treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). [More]
Role of immune system cells in healthy digestive tracts may lead to new treatments for IBS

Role of immune system cells in healthy digestive tracts may lead to new treatments for IBS

Learning the role of immune system cells in healthy digestive tracts and how they interact with neighboring nerve cells may lead to new treatments for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). [More]
Scientists build artificial cells programmed to eat their undesirable neighbors

Scientists build artificial cells programmed to eat their undesirable neighbors

A team of researchers has devised a Pac-Man-style power pellet that gets normally mild-mannered cells to gobble up their undesirable neighbors. The development may point the way to therapies that enlist patients’ own cells to better fend off infection and even cancer, the researchers say. A description of the work will be published July 15 in the journal Science Signaling. [More]
Inflammatory shift in long-standing bipolar disorder

Inflammatory shift in long-standing bipolar disorder

Patients with chronic bipolar disorder, but not those with schizophrenia, have a shift towards an M1 rather than an M2 macrophage response, research suggests. [More]
Clear advances in the fight against tuberculosis are within reach, say immunologists

Clear advances in the fight against tuberculosis are within reach, say immunologists

Leading immunologists expect to see some clear advances in the fight against tuberculosis, an infectious disease that is widespread the world over. Professor Stefan Kaufmann, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin, echoed these sentiments at today's launch of the scientific programme for the 64th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting at Lindau, Germany. [More]
Heavy drinkers at greater risk of developing pneumonia and ARDS

Heavy drinkers at greater risk of developing pneumonia and ARDS

Heavy drinking damages the body in many ways. In addition to liver failure, alcoholics are at a much greater risk of developing pneumonia and life threatening acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), for which there is no treatment. [More]
Microparticles in crab, shrimp and lobster shells may help prevent inflammatory bowel disease

Microparticles in crab, shrimp and lobster shells may help prevent inflammatory bowel disease

Yoshimi Shibata, Ph.D., professor of biomedical science in the Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine at Florida Atlantic University, has received a $380,552 grant from the National Institute of Complementary and Alternative Medicine of the National Institutes of Health to further investigate how microparticles called "chitin" found in crab, shrimp and lobster shells have anti-inflammatory mechanisms that could lead to the development of novel preventive and therapeutic strategies for individuals who suffer from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and others diseases. [More]
NIH receives $10 million grant for research on breast cancer metastasis

NIH receives $10 million grant for research on breast cancer metastasis

The American Cancer Society predicts that 40,000 American women will die from breast cancer this year. Most of those deaths will occur due to cells from the primary tumor that spread to other parts of the body-the process known as metastasis. [More]
Interim data from Promedior’s PRM-151 Phase 2 myelofibrosis clinical trial to be presented at 19th EHA Congress

Interim data from Promedior’s PRM-151 Phase 2 myelofibrosis clinical trial to be presented at 19th EHA Congress

Promedior, Inc., a clinical stage biotechnology company developing novel therapeutics for the treatment of fibrosis, today announced that Ruben Mesa, MD, will present interim data from the Company's ongoing Phase 2 clinical trial of its lead product candidate, PRM-151, for the treatment of myelofibrosis, in a poster presentation on June 14, 2014 at the 19th Congress of European Hematology Association (EHA) which is being held in Milan, Italy, from June 12-15, 2014. [More]
CRS-207 and chemotherapy combination Phase 1b trial data for unresectable MPM presented at ASCO 2014

CRS-207 and chemotherapy combination Phase 1b trial data for unresectable MPM presented at ASCO 2014

Aduro BioTech, Inc., a clinical stage biotechnology company, today announced the presentation of safety and efficacy data from a Phase 1b clinical trial of its novel immunotherapy CRS-207 in combination with standard chemotherapy in patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma. [More]
Promedior reports positive preliminary data from PRM-151 Phase 2 trial for myelofibrosis

Promedior reports positive preliminary data from PRM-151 Phase 2 trial for myelofibrosis

Promedior, Inc., today announced positive preliminary data from its Phase 2 trial of PRM-151, an anti-fibrotic immunotherapy, in patients with myelofibrosis which demonstrated biologic activity with improvements across clinically relevant measures, including bone marrow fibrosis, hemoglobin, platelets, spleen, and symptoms. [More]