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Many MEN1 tumour types found in children

Many MEN1 tumour types found in children

Most tumour types reported in adult patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia Type-1 can be found in children with the condition, although rarely before the age of 10 years, shows a large study. [More]
Psychopath’s persistent violent behaviour associated with brain abnormalities

Psychopath’s persistent violent behaviour associated with brain abnormalities

Psychopathic violent offenders have abnormalities in the parts of the brain related to learning from punishment, according to an MRI study led by Sheilagh Hodgins and Nigel Blackwood. "One in five violent offenders is a psychopath. [More]
Promising results for stem cell therapy in MS

Promising results for stem cell therapy in MS

Preliminary findings suggest that nonmyeloablative haematopoietic stem cell transplantation may arrest, or even reverse, the progress of disease among patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis. [More]
Alectinib active against leptomeningeal metastases in ALK-positive NSCLC

Alectinib active against leptomeningeal metastases in ALK-positive NSCLC

Patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer who have leptomeningeal metastases may benefit from treatment with the second-generation ALK inhibitor alectinib, a case series suggests. [More]
Primary care physicians unfamiliar with California breast density law, shows UC Davis study

Primary care physicians unfamiliar with California breast density law, shows UC Davis study

Ten months after California legislators enacted a controversial law mandating that radiologists notify women if they have dense breast tissue, UC Davis researchers have found that half of primary care physicians are still unfamiliar with the law and many don't feel comfortable answering breast density-related questions from patients. [More]
Silencing neurons in the arcopallium

Silencing neurons in the arcopallium

New research published by the Neuronal Mechanism for Critical Period Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University has shown the effectiveness of chemogenetic inhibition used to suppress neuronal activity as well as interesting results on how vocalization is controlled through this techniques application in zebra finches. [More]
Study offers possible explanation for differences between synchronization patterns in autism

Study offers possible explanation for differences between synchronization patterns in autism

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been studied for many years, but there are still more questions than answers. For example, some research into the brain functions of individuals on the autism spectrum have found a lack of synchronization between different parts of the brain that normally work in tandem. But other studies have found the exact opposite - over-synchronization in the brains of those with ASD. [More]
Study: Stem cell transplantation improves quality of life in patients with relapsing-remitting MS

Study: Stem cell transplantation improves quality of life in patients with relapsing-remitting MS

Results from a preliminary study indicate that among patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), treatment with nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (low intensity stem cell transplantation) was associated with improvement in measures of disability and quality of life, according to a study in the January 20 issue of JAMA. [More]
Researchers invent new imaging system to help detect malignant tissue during surgery

Researchers invent new imaging system to help detect malignant tissue during surgery

With the goal of making it easier for surgeons to detect malignant tissue during surgery and hopefully reduce the rate of cancer recurrence, scientists have invented a new imaging system that causes tumors to "light up" when a hand-held laser is directed at them. [More]
Brains of individuals with ASD display unique synchronization patterns

Brains of individuals with ASD display unique synchronization patterns

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been studied for many years, but there are still many more questions than answers. For example, some research into the brain functions of individuals with autism spectrum have found a lack of synchronization ('connectivity') between different parts of the brain that normally work in tandem. [More]

Scientists explore how the brain adapts to visual restoration

Recent scientific advances have meant that eyesight can be partially restored to those who previously would have been blind for life. However, scientists at the University of Montreal and the University of Trento have discovered that the rewiring of the senses that occurs in the brains of the long-term blind means that visual restoration may never be complete. [More]

New brain-imaging technique may help identify autistic children in just two minutes

Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists have developed a brain-imaging technique that may be able to identify children with autism spectrum disorder in just two minutes. [More]
New imaging technique measurably improves prostate cancer screening

New imaging technique measurably improves prostate cancer screening

In 2014, prostate cancer was the leading cause of newly diagnosed cancers in men and the second leading cause of cancer death in men. Writing in the January 6, 2015 issue of the journal Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Disease, a team of scientists and physicians from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, with counterparts at University of California, Los Angeles, describe a novel imaging technique that measurably improves upon current prostate imaging - and may have significant implications for how patients with prostate cancer are ultimately treated. [More]
Early use of heart failure drugs slows cardiac damage in boys, young men with DMD

Early use of heart failure drugs slows cardiac damage in boys, young men with DMD

Early use of available heart failure drugs slows the progressive decline in heart function before symptoms are apparent in boys and young men with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), according to a new study published online by The Lancet Neurology. [More]
Chromosome X microduplications implicated in infancy-onset gigantism

Chromosome X microduplications implicated in infancy-onset gigantism

Researchers report that heritable microduplications on chromosome Xq26.3 may underlie a “striking” form of gigantism with onset in late infancy, and reveal a candidate culprit gene. [More]
Progression to combined pituitary hormone deficiency common in IGHD

Progression to combined pituitary hormone deficiency common in IGHD

Researchers have found that a high proportion of children initially diagnosed with isolated growth hormone deficiency will progress to combined pituitary hormone deficiency. [More]
Continued exposure to high blood sugars may impact brain function in young diabetic children

Continued exposure to high blood sugars may impact brain function in young diabetic children

Investigators have found that young children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have slower brain growth compared to children without diabetes. A new study, published in the December issue of Diabetes, now available ahead of print, suggests that continued exposure to hyperglycemia, or high blood sugars, may be detrimental to the developing brain. [More]
Researchers use functional MRI to understand how the brain functions

Researchers use functional MRI to understand how the brain functions

University of Nevada, Reno neuroscientists are working with Renown Health to bring new research capabilities to northern Nevada. The research group, led by University Professor of Psychology Michael Webster, has purchased equipment that augments the existing 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology at Renown Health for studies of human brain function. [More]
CVRx gets CE Mark approval to expand labeling of Barostim neo System as MR Conditional

CVRx gets CE Mark approval to expand labeling of Barostim neo System as MR Conditional

CVRx, Inc., a privately held medical device company, announced today that CE Marking has been granted to expand labeling of the Barostim neo System as MR Conditional, or safe for use in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) systems under specified conditions. [More]
Study examines why young people with Type-2 diabetes develop heart problems

Study examines why young people with Type-2 diabetes develop heart problems

A new study led by a research team at Leicester's Hospitals hope to reveal, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), why young people with Type-2 diabetes develop heart damage. [More]