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Research roundup: Health care and prisoners; hospitalized patients' surrogates; suicides in the army

Research roundup: Health care and prisoners; hospitalized patients' surrogates; suicides in the army

As a group, jail-involved individuals, which we define here as people with a history of arrest and jail admission in the recent past, carry a heavy illness burden, with high rates of infectious and chronic disease as well as mental illness and substance use. [More]
Findings indicate improved knowledge and beliefs about mental health problems

Findings indicate improved knowledge and beliefs about mental health problems

The findings of the survey, which was led by Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, in collaboration with the University of Melbourne, also indicated improved knowledge and beliefs about mental health problems within the community due, in part, to educational campaigns about mental health. [More]

Despite prevention strategies, suicide rates among young men remain high

Suicide among young men is a major public health concern in many countries, despite great efforts to find effective prevention strategies. [More]

Waiting room time helps in effective screening for depression and anxiety

A new study in General Hospital Psychiatry finds patients visiting the hospital for a variety of ailments can be easily screened for depression and anxiety as they wait for care, information that can then be sent immediately to their doctor to address. [More]
Understanding autism: an interview with Roberto Fernández Galán, PhD, Assistant Professor, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine

Understanding autism: an interview with Roberto Fernández Galán, PhD, Assistant Professor, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine

Autism does not come in just one flavour. It is a spectrum of disorders that share several features: impaired social interactions; impaired verbal and non-verbal communication; and restricted, repetitive behaviours. [More]
Research roundup: Nursing home transitions; the impact of raising Medicare premiums; workers' views of job-based insurance

Research roundup: Nursing home transitions; the impact of raising Medicare premiums; workers' views of job-based insurance

Each week, KHN compiles a selection of recently released health policy studies and briefs. [More]
Study finds discrepancies in prevalence estimates of mental disorders in middle-aged and older adults

Study finds discrepancies in prevalence estimates of mental disorders in middle-aged and older adults

Common methods of assessing mental or physical disorders may consistently underestimate the prevalence of mental disorders among middle-aged and older adults, a new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has found. [More]
People with severe mental illness may have higher risk for substance use

People with severe mental illness may have higher risk for substance use

People with severe mental illness such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder have a higher risk for substance use, especially cigarette smoking, and protective factors usually associated with lower rates of substance use do not exist in severe mental illness, according to a new study funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health. [More]
Neurocognitive abnormalities ‘fundamental’ to schizophrenia

Neurocognitive abnormalities ‘fundamental’ to schizophrenia

Rare copy-number variants that confer a high risk for schizophrenia or autism are associated with impaired cognition in carriers without psychiatric disorders, researchers report in Nature. [More]
Secondary conditions can become deadly and affect how long HIV patients stay in hospital

Secondary conditions can become deadly and affect how long HIV patients stay in hospital

A University of Arkansas researcher and her colleagues have found that secondary conditions and diseases that could become deadly significantly affect how long HIV patients stay in the hospital. [More]

Drug abuse appears to foster brain changes that resemble schizophrenia

Teens who were heavy marijuana users -- smoking it daily for about three years -- had abnormal changes in their brain structures related to working memory and performed poorly on memory tasks, reports a new Northwestern Medicine- study. [More]
Research roundup: 'Substantial' Medicare savings from avoiding ERs; new ways for primary care; trends in kids' fast food consumption

Research roundup: 'Substantial' Medicare savings from avoiding ERs; new ways for primary care; trends in kids' fast food consumption

Some Medicare beneficiaries who place 911 calls to request an ambulance might safely be cared for in settings other than the emergency department at lower cost. Using 2005–09 Medicare claims data and a validated algorithm, we estimated that 12.9–16.2 percent of Medicare-covered 911 emergency medical services transports involved conditions that were probably nonemergent or primary care treatable. [More]
Researchers use voxel-based morphometry method to study brain structure in PTSD

Researchers use voxel-based morphometry method to study brain structure in PTSD

Wars, earthquakes, major traffic accidents, and terrorist attacks may bring about profound spiritual pains, and even cause extreme fear and helplessness for people that have experienced or witnessed these unusual threats or disasters. [More]

Chicago Lakeshore Hospital named a 2013 Top Performer for inpatient psychiatric care

Chicago Lakeshore Hospital has been named a 2013 Top Performer for hospital-based inpatient psychiatric care by The Joint Commission, the leading accreditor of health care organizations in America. [More]

Metacognitive training complements antipsychotic therapy

Metacognitive training may benefit patients with schizophrenia who only partially respond to antipsychotic treatment, study findings show. [More]
Scientists to converge at nation's first conference on computational psychiatry

Scientists to converge at nation's first conference on computational psychiatry

More than 70 scientists from around the world and from a range of intellectual traditions will convene in Miami this week for what is believed to be the nation's first conference on computational psychiatry, an emerging field in neuroscience. [More]
Psychotherapy: New treatment choice for anorexia nervosa

Psychotherapy: New treatment choice for anorexia nervosa

A large-scale study has now shown that adult women with anorexia whose disorder is not too severe can be treated successfully on an out-patient basis. Even after conclusion of therapy, they continue to make significant weight gains. [More]
Binge eating disorder is different from anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa

Binge eating disorder is different from anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa

Food addiction is not yet recognised as a mental disorder but certain obese individuals clearly display addictive-like behaviour towards food. [More]
FDA approves Brintellix drug to treat depressive disorder in adults

FDA approves Brintellix drug to treat depressive disorder in adults

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Brintellix (vortioxetine) to treat adults with major depressive disorder. [More]

Short insight scale validated for schizophrenia in clinical practice

Researchers have validated a short version of the Scale to Assess Unawareness in Mental Disorder, with the aim of encouraging assessment of insight in patients with schizophrenia in clinical practice. [More]