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Myelin is the fatty substance that covers and protects nerves.
Cluster signaling mechanism causes T cells to turn pathogenic in multiple sclerosis, research shows

Cluster signaling mechanism causes T cells to turn pathogenic in multiple sclerosis, research shows

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks the patient's own cells. [More]
RSNA 2016: SyntheticMR launches REMyDI for easy quantification of myelin volume in the brain

RSNA 2016: SyntheticMR launches REMyDI for easy quantification of myelin volume in the brain

SyntheticMR AB introduces REMyDI, automatic quantification of myelin volume in the brain. Easy quantification of myelin allows clinicians to follow myelination in the developing brain and monitor myelin degeneration in patients with demyelinating and neurodegenerative disorders. [More]
Research reveals new insights into how sleep deprivation affects children's brains

Research reveals new insights into how sleep deprivation affects children's brains

Any parent can tell you about the consequences of their child not getting enough sleep. But there is far less known about the details of how sleep deprivation affects children's brains and what this means for early brain development. [More]
Drug approved for other purposes can promote recovery from acute nerve damage, study shows

Drug approved for other purposes can promote recovery from acute nerve damage, study shows

Researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center believe they have identified a new means of enhancing the body's ability to repair its own cells, which they hope will lead to better diagnosis and treatment of traumatic nerve injuries, like those sustained in car accidents, sports injuries, or in combat. [More]
Researchers find differences in the brain regions of children with Tourette's syndrome

Researchers find differences in the brain regions of children with Tourette's syndrome

Using MRIs, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified areas in the brains of children with Tourette's syndrome that appear markedly different from the same areas in the brains of children who don't have the neuropsychiatric disorder. [More]
Pathology of Krabbe's disease may provide insights on late-onset neurodegenerative diseases

Pathology of Krabbe's disease may provide insights on late-onset neurodegenerative diseases

A recent article suggests that an enzyme deficiency seen in the lysosomal storage disorder Krabbe's disease may point to new and contributing mechanisms underlying certain late-onset neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease. [More]
UA neuroscientists receive $10.3 million grant to find cause for heightened risk of Alzheimer's in women

UA neuroscientists receive $10.3 million grant to find cause for heightened risk of Alzheimer's in women

Why do more women than men get Alzheimer's disease? In their quest to find the answer, neuroscientist Roberta Diaz Brinton, PhD, and her collegues in the Center for Innovation in Brain Science at the University of Arizona Health Sciences, have been awarded a $10.3 million five-year Program Project Grant from the National Institute on Aging at the National Institutes of Health. [More]
Neu5Gc common in red meat increases risk of tumor formation

Neu5Gc common in red meat increases risk of tumor formation

Neu5Gc, a non-human sialic acid sugar molecule common in red meat that increases the risk of tumor formation in humans, is also prevalent in pig organs, with concentrations increasing as the organs are cooked, a study by researchers from the UC Davis School of Medicine and Xiamen University School of Medicine has found. [More]
Portsmouth scientist wins major award to develop treatments for MS patients

Portsmouth scientist wins major award to develop treatments for MS patients

A University of Portsmouth scientist has won almost £180,000 to fund research that could help develop treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. [More]
Researchers find biological evidence linking Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome

Researchers find biological evidence linking Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome

In a collaborative effort with scientists at six Colombian hospitals, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report what they believe to be the strongest biological evidence to date linking Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome. [More]
Structural instability in myelin membranes may instigate multiple sclerosis

Structural instability in myelin membranes may instigate multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is one of the most devastating neurodegenerative diseases. It affects some 2.5 million people worldwide. It has no known cure. [More]
UZH researchers discover that children’s brain reacts differently to acute sleep deprivation

UZH researchers discover that children’s brain reacts differently to acute sleep deprivation

A team of researchers from the University of Zurich has studied the effects of acute sleep deprivation in children for the first time. [More]
Researchers uncover pneumonia causing bacteria as trigger for autoimmune disease GBS

Researchers uncover pneumonia causing bacteria as trigger for autoimmune disease GBS

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute life-threatening disease of the nervous system that leads to sensory disturbances and acute flaccid paralysis. [More]
NIGHTSEA and EMS nominate Dr. Sarah Petersen for 2016 KEY Award

NIGHTSEA and EMS nominate Dr. Sarah Petersen for 2016 KEY Award

NIGHTSEA, creators and manufacturers of the innovative Stereo Microscope Fluorescence Adapter (SFA), and Electron Microscopy Sciences (EMS) are pleased to award the second annual KEY Award for New Faculty to Dr. Sarah Petersen of Kenyon College. [More]
Experimental drug may prevent development of multiple sclerosis in mice

Experimental drug may prevent development of multiple sclerosis in mice

The experimental drug laquinimod may prevent the development or reduce the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) in mice, according to research published in the September 21, 2016, online issue of Neurology Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation, a medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. [More]
Enzyme deficiency in Krabbe's disease may point to new mechanisms underlying Parkinson's disease

Enzyme deficiency in Krabbe's disease may point to new mechanisms underlying Parkinson's disease

A new article suggests that an enzyme deficiency seen in the lysosomal storage disorder Krabbe's disease may point to new mechanisms underlying certain late-onset neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease. [More]
Researchers find switch that helps restore damaged axons

Researchers find switch that helps restore damaged axons

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have found a switch that redirects helper cells in the peripheral nervous system into "repair" mode, a form that restores damaged axons. [More]
Wayne State receives NIH funding to advance brain aging research

Wayne State receives NIH funding to advance brain aging research

Wayne State University has received a $3.6 million grant from the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health for a project that will advance knowledge of brain aging, its relation to cognitive performance and the role of common vascular and metabolic risk factors in shaping the trajectories of aging. [More]
Research findings may pave way for innovative treatments of multiple sclerosis

Research findings may pave way for innovative treatments of multiple sclerosis

Researchers at the Research Center for Immunotherapy and the Focus Program Translational Neurosciences of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz have identified a new mechanism that is involved in the development of autoimmune diseases. [More]
SAGA funding initiative aims to advance understanding of potential sex differences in Alzheimer's

SAGA funding initiative aims to advance understanding of potential sex differences in Alzheimer's

The first-ever Alzheimer's Association Sex and Gender in Alzheimer's research grant awards will provide $2.2 million to nine projects to advance understanding of the disproportionate effect of Alzheimer's disease on women. [More]
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