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SOCIENTIZE project asks citizens to use their skills and time to advance scientific research

SOCIENTIZE project asks citizens to use their skills and time to advance scientific research

Would you like to help researchers understand the workings of our sun, or discover how large crowds of people can work together? [More]
Agricultural pesticides raise risk of autism in unborn children

Agricultural pesticides raise risk of autism in unborn children

Pregnant women who lived in close proximity to fields and farms where chemical pesticides were applied experienced a two-thirds increased risk of having a child with autism spectrum disorder or other developmental delay, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute has found. The associations were stronger when the exposures occurred during the second and third trimesters of the women's pregnancies. [More]
Researchers explore genetic and cellular mechanisms of retinal development

Researchers explore genetic and cellular mechanisms of retinal development

The circuitry of the central nervous system is immensely complex and, as a result, sometimes confounding. When scientists conduct research to unravel the inner workings at a cellular level, they are sometimes surprised by what they find. [More]
Researchers explore how neurons establish spatial polarity and direction in tissues, organs

Researchers explore how neurons establish spatial polarity and direction in tissues, organs

The question of how neurons and their axons establish spatial polarity and direction in tissues and organs is a fundamental question of any organism or biological system. [More]
Weizmann Institute scientists 'fingerprint' a culprit in depression and anxiety disorders

Weizmann Institute scientists 'fingerprint' a culprit in depression and anxiety disorders

According the World Health Organization, such mood disorders as depression affect some 10% of the world's population and are associated with a heavy burden of disease. That is why numerous scientists around the world have invested a great deal of effort in understanding these diseases. Yet the molecular and cellular mechanisms that underlie these problems are still only partly understood. [More]
Researchers develop new model of neural network

Researchers develop new model of neural network

A newly-developed, highly accurate representation of the way in which neurons behave when performing movements such as reaching could not only enhance understanding of the complex dynamics at work in the brain, but aid in the development of robotic limbs which are capable of more complex and natural movements. [More]
New study on transmitophagy process may help treat diverse disorders

New study on transmitophagy process may help treat diverse disorders

It's broadly assumed that cells degrade and recycle their own old or damaged organelles, but researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Kennedy Krieger Institute have discovered that some neurons transfer unwanted mitochondria - the tiny power plants inside cells - to supporting glial cells called astrocytes for disposal. [More]
New hope for people suffering from depression

New hope for people suffering from depression

There is new hope for people suffering from depression. Researchers have identified a compound, hydroxynorketamine (HNK), that may treat symptoms of depression just as effectively and rapidly as ketamine, without the unwanted side effects associated with the psychoactive drug, according to a study in the July issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists- (ASA-). [More]
Human mind can rapidly absorb new information by synchronization of brain waves

Human mind can rapidly absorb new information by synchronization of brain waves

The human mind can rapidly absorb and analyze new information as it flits from thought to thought. These quickly changing brain states may be encoded by synchronization of brain waves across different brain regions, according to a new study from MIT neuroscientists. [More]
Extensive range of iPSC derived neural cells available from AMSBIO

Extensive range of iPSC derived neural cells available from AMSBIO

AMSBIO offers an extensive range of iPSC derived neural cells including normal and Alzheimer's disease neural progenitor cells, and cerebral cortical neurons. [More]
New mechanism explains novel aspects of how wiring of neurons in brain works

New mechanism explains novel aspects of how wiring of neurons in brain works

How neurons are created and integrate with each other is one of biology's greatest riddles. Researcher Dietmar Schmucker from VIB-KU Leuven unravels a part of the mystery in Science magazine. [More]
Chronic sleep loss can cause certain neurotoxic molecules to permeate into brain tissue

Chronic sleep loss can cause certain neurotoxic molecules to permeate into brain tissue

The longer the insomnia, junctions of cerebral blood vessels begin to degrade. In search of the answer to why do we sleep, research conducted at the Mexican Metropolitan Autonomous University (UAM) revealed that chronic sleep loss can cause certain neurotoxic molecules, which normally circulate in the blood, to be transported to the central nervous system and interfere with the function of neurons. [More]

Cellular blockages in nerve cells of insect's brain can form and dissolve in 30 seconds

Motorists in Los Angeles, San Francisco and other gridlocked cities could learn something from the fruit fly. [More]
Researchers uncover several gene networks with potentially important roles in autism

Researchers uncover several gene networks with potentially important roles in autism

A large new analysis of DNA from thousands of patients has uncovered several underlying gene networks with potentially important roles in autism. [More]
Gene networks may offer attractive targets for developing new autism drugs

Gene networks may offer attractive targets for developing new autism drugs

A large new analysis of DNA from thousands of patients has uncovered several underlying gene networks with potentially important roles in autism. [More]
Sleep helps consolidate, strengthen new memories

Sleep helps consolidate, strengthen new memories

In study published today in Science, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center show for the first time that sleep after learning encourages the growth of dendritic spines, the tiny protrusions from brain cells that connect to other brain cells and facilitate the passage of information across synapses, the junctions at which brain cells meet. [More]
Researchers take step toward restoring natural, high-fidelity vision to blind people

Researchers take step toward restoring natural, high-fidelity vision to blind people

In laboratory tests, researchers have used electrical stimulation of retinal cells to produce the same patterns of activity that occur when the retina sees a moving object. Although more work remains, this is a step toward restoring natural, high-fidelity vision to blind people, the researchers say. [More]
Neuroscientists explain how miswiring in brain area can potentially contribute to ADHD

Neuroscientists explain how miswiring in brain area can potentially contribute to ADHD

Neuroscientists at Mayo Clinic in Florida and at Aarhus University in Denmark have shed light on why neurons in the brain's reward system can be miswired, potentially contributing to disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). [More]
Neurobiologist Thomas Jessell to be honored with 2014 Gruber Neuroscience Prize

Neurobiologist Thomas Jessell to be honored with 2014 Gruber Neuroscience Prize

Thomas Jessell, PhD, the Claire Tow Professor of Motor Neuron Disorders in the Departments of Neuroscience and of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics at Columbia University, is the recipient of the 2014 Neuroscience Prize of The Gruber Foundation. [More]
Researchers reveal potential new drug target for dementia

Researchers reveal potential new drug target for dementia

Researchers at King's College London have discovered how a molecular 'scaffold' which allows key parts of cells to interact, comes apart in dementia and motor neuron disease, revealing a potential new target for drug discovery. [More]