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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major heath problem. In the United States, at least 17 million people have moderate to severe OSA, which is characterized by heavy snoring, airway blockage and frequent awakenings during sleep. OSA is one of the major causes of severe daytime sleepiness, and is a major risk factor for automobile accidents and workplace injuries. If left untreated, OSA has been implicated as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including hypertension and heart failure, as well as stroke.

OSA is caused by collapse of the upper airway during sleep, and treatment for the disorder is based upon therapies that keep the airway open. The most common treatment for OSA is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). At least 50% of patients with OSA find it difficult or impossible to use CPAP and are therefore candidates for surgery. However, current surgical options for these patients are very limited, particularly related to the tongue base.
Nocturnal hypoxemia closely linked to diabetic microvascular complications

Nocturnal hypoxemia closely linked to diabetic microvascular complications

Examining the poorly understood link between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes complications, researchers identified specific measures of low blood oxygenation that are associated with impaired kidney function and diabetic nephropathy. [More]
Crash risk higher among truck drivers not adhering to sleep apnea treatment

Crash risk higher among truck drivers not adhering to sleep apnea treatment

Truck drivers who have obstructive sleep apnea and who do not attempt to adhere to a mandated treatment program have a fivefold increase in the risk of a severe crash, according to a new study co-authored by Virginia Tech Transportation Institute researchers and featured in the March 21 online edition of the journal Sleep. [More]
People with type 2 diabetes, OSA may not experience improved glycemic control with CPAP

People with type 2 diabetes, OSA may not experience improved glycemic control with CPAP

People with type 2 diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may not experience improved glycemic control by using continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, as some studies have suggested, according to the results of a randomized, controlled trial published online ahead of print in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. [More]
Vanderbilt sleep specialist provides important tips for easing into seasonal time change

Vanderbilt sleep specialist provides important tips for easing into seasonal time change

The Monday after daylight saving time takes effect doesn't have to be a heart-stressed, mad-dash, car-crash kind of a day. [More]
Oversized tonsils and tongue indentations increase risk for OSA

Oversized tonsils and tongue indentations increase risk for OSA

According to a new study led by University at Buffalo orthodontic researcher Thikriat Al-Jewair, dentists are in the unique position as health care professionals to pinpoint signs of obstructive sleep apnea, a disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep due to blocked upper airways [More]
CPAP appears to improve glycemic control in patients with OSA and type 2 diabetes

CPAP appears to improve glycemic control in patients with OSA and type 2 diabetes

Continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, appears to improve glycemic control in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and type 2 diabetes that is not well controlled, according to research published in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. [More]
Telemedicine-based management for sleep apnea as effective as in-person care

Telemedicine-based management for sleep apnea as effective as in-person care

A new study suggests that telemedicine-based management for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is as effective and may be comparable to in-person care. [More]
People with sleep apnea have low levels of GABA and high levels of glutamate

People with sleep apnea have low levels of GABA and high levels of glutamate

One in 15 adults has moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea, a disorder in which a person's breathing is frequently interrupted during sleep -- as many as 30 times per hour. [More]
LifeWatch's wireless, patch-based vital signs monitoring system receives FDA clearance

LifeWatch's wireless, patch-based vital signs monitoring system receives FDA clearance

LifeWatch AG, a leading developer and provider of medical solutions and remote diagnostic monitoring services in the digital health market, is pleased to announce that it has received FDA clearance for its continuous Vital Signs Monitoring Service. [More]
Incidence and severity emerging CVD risk factors may differ between genders

Incidence and severity emerging CVD risk factors may differ between genders

The incidence and severity of both traditional and emerging cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors as well as the response to treatment may differ between genders. In this narrative review, several emerging CVD risk factors (i.e. inflammatory and haemostatic markers, endothelial dysfunction, homocysteine, lipid disorders, microalbuminuria/proteinuria, coronary artery calcium score, arterial stiffness, periodontitis, inflammatory bowel syndrome, obstructive sleep apnea, impaired glucose metabolism, metabolic syndrome and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) are discussed in the context of gender differences. [More]
AASM officially launches new telemedicine system to increase patient access to sleep medicine

AASM officially launches new telemedicine system to increase patient access to sleep medicine

Today the American Academy of Sleep Medicine officially launched AASM Sleep, a new state-of-the-art telemedicine platform that will dramatically increase patient access to the expertise of board-certified sleep medicine physicians and accredited sleep centers. [More]
AliveCor Mobile ECG to be integrated into LifeWatch's remote cardiac monitoring service

AliveCor Mobile ECG to be integrated into LifeWatch's remote cardiac monitoring service

AliveCor, Inc., the leader in FDA-cleared ECG technology for mobile devices, announced today a strategic partnership with LifeWatch AG, a leading developer of medical solutions and remote diagnostic monitoring services to the digital health market. [More]
CUMC study reveals statins may help reduce heart disease risk in people with sleep apnea

CUMC study reveals statins may help reduce heart disease risk in people with sleep apnea

A new study conducted at Columbia University Medical Center has revealed some of the underlying mechanisms that may increase the risk of heart disease in people with sleep apnea. The study also found that statins -- the cholesterol-lowering medications commonly prescribed to combat heart disease -- may help reverse this process. [More]
Lower vitamin D levels do not increase severity of obstructive sleep apnea

Lower vitamin D levels do not increase severity of obstructive sleep apnea

A recent study of elderly men found no evidence that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increased in severity (or prevalence) as a result of vitamin D deficiency. [More]
New biobank initiative may help unlock some of the mysteries linked to Down syndrome

New biobank initiative may help unlock some of the mysteries linked to Down syndrome

Nationwide Children's Hospital and research advocacy group DownSyndrome Achieves have joined forces to create the first biobank in the country dedicated to collecting and managing blood samples from people with Down syndrome. [More]
Older men with sleep-disordered breathing at greater risk of developing atrial fibrillation

Older men with sleep-disordered breathing at greater risk of developing atrial fibrillation

Sleep-disordered breathing often predicts the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) in older men, according to U.S. researchers. [More]
Researchers discover unique muscle fibers of upper airways often present in sleep apnea patients

Researchers discover unique muscle fibers of upper airways often present in sleep apnea patients

Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have discovered unique muscle fibers in the soft palate of the mouth in both infants and adults. The fibers seem to be present in greater number in snorers and sleep apnea patients. [More]
Study shows sleep-disordered breathing predicts AF development in older men

Study shows sleep-disordered breathing predicts AF development in older men

Sleep-disordered breathing often predicts the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) in older men, according to U.S. researchers. [More]
Psychological interventions may improve sexual health of men with sleep apnea

Psychological interventions may improve sexual health of men with sleep apnea

Burdens related to poor sleep may put men with sleep apnea at increased risk of erectile dysfunction. In a study of 713 male patients who visited Seoul National University Hospital for snoring and/or daytime sleepiness from 2006 to 2014, depressive symptoms and a low quality of life due to sleep problems were clearly linked to erectile dysfunction. [More]
Sleep apnea associated with evidence of early heart injury in women

Sleep apnea associated with evidence of early heart injury in women

Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the development of subsequent cardiovascular (CV) complications differ by sex, but it is not clear from prior research whether the effects of sleep apnea on heart disease is similar for men and women. [More]
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