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Osteoporosis is a progressive metabolic bone disease that causes a decrease in bone density and gives rise to weak, fragile bones that are prone to fracture. Most commonly, these fractures occur in the spine, wrist and hips when a person falls or bumps into something. If such an event triggers a visit to the doctor, a test of the bone mineral density called a DEXA scan may be performed and reveal osteoporosis.

The term osteoporosis refers to the porous (spongy) state of bone that eventually manifests as the bone’s ability to replenish itself declines over time. When individuals reach the age of around 40, the rate of bone breakdown starts to exceed the rate at which it is replaced, creating increasingly larger holes in the bone that make it less dense and more prone to fracture.

Some of the risk factors for osteoporosis such as gender, age and family history for the condition cannot be changed. However, factors such as diet and activity level can be improved to increase bone strength and individuals are advised to exercise regularly, eat a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium, and quit any smoking or drinking habits.

Osteoporosis is currently thought to be affecting more than 200 million people worldwide but is most common among older, post-menopausal women who have reduced levels of estrogen, an important contributor to bone health.
Soluble corn fiber can help build and retain calcium in bone during adolescence and post-menopause

Soluble corn fiber can help build and retain calcium in bone during adolescence and post-menopause

Supplementing with soluble corn fiber at two critical times in a woman's life - adolescence and post-menopause - can help build and retain calcium in bone, according to new research from Purdue University. [More]
Vertebroplasty helps decrease acute pain in patients with osteoporotic fractures

Vertebroplasty helps decrease acute pain in patients with osteoporotic fractures

Vertebroplasty is a safe and effective procedure to reduce acute pain and disability in patients who have experienced spinal fractures within a 6-week period, according to a new study published this week in The Lancet. [More]
Scientists discover way to visualize function of bone-resorbing cells in living mice

Scientists discover way to visualize function of bone-resorbing cells in living mice

Researchers of Osaka University have discovered a way to visualize sites where bone-resorbing cells (osteoclasts) were in the process of resorbing bone in living mice. [More]
Mayo Clinic, Geroscience Network researchers aim to accelerate pace of aging research

Mayo Clinic, Geroscience Network researchers aim to accelerate pace of aging research

Mayo Clinic, along with other members of the Geroscience Network, has published six manuscripts that map strategies for taking new drugs that target processes underlying aging into clinical trials. [More]
IMS provides global recommendations for care of women at menopause

IMS provides global recommendations for care of women at menopause

The International Menopause Society has brought together 7 international Societies to provide harmonised, global recommendations for the care of women at menopause [More]
New Griffith study aims to determine optimum mode of exercise to improve bone strength of young women

New Griffith study aims to determine optimum mode of exercise to improve bone strength of young women

Young women may think osteoporosis is an older person’s problem but a new study at Griffith University is helping show them that prevention is better than cure. [More]
New review highlights usefulness of BTMs in monitoring efficacy of osteoporosis treatment

New review highlights usefulness of BTMs in monitoring efficacy of osteoporosis treatment

A new review published by a joint scientific working group of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine and the International Osteoporosis Foundation finds that current evidence continues to support the potential for bone turnover markers (BTMs) to provide clinically useful information for monitoring osteoporosis treatment. [More]
PolyU researchers discover inadequate intakes of micronutrients among Hong Kong lactating women

PolyU researchers discover inadequate intakes of micronutrients among Hong Kong lactating women

While breastfeeding has become more common across the globe in recent years, lactating women may not be aware of the nutrient adequacy of their breast milk and how their daily diet affects their nutrition intakes. [More]
TSRI scientists develop new dual-targeting drug candidate for treating diabetes and bone disease

TSRI scientists develop new dual-targeting drug candidate for treating diabetes and bone disease

In addition to its more obvious ills, type 2 diabetes is a condition closely associated with bone fractures, increasing the risk of fractures twofold. To make matters worse, certain anti-diabetic drugs further increase this risk, particularly in postmenopausal women, severely limiting their treatment options. [More]
Embryonic stem cell gene Nanog holds potential for reversing effects of aging

Embryonic stem cell gene Nanog holds potential for reversing effects of aging

The fountain of youth may reside in an embryonic stem cell gene named Nanog. [More]
Study finds older adults who sustain wrist fractures more likely to have poor balance

Study finds older adults who sustain wrist fractures more likely to have poor balance

Elderly patients suffering a low energy wrist (distal radius) fracture are more likely to have difficulties with balance, placing them at risk for future injuries, according to a new study appearing in the July 20, 2016 issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. [More]
Study finds low rates of baseline BMD testing among older women with breast cancer

Study finds low rates of baseline BMD testing among older women with breast cancer

Aromatase inhibitors (AIs)—drugs that stop the production of estrogen in women—are standard adjuvant therapy for post-menopausal women with hormone-receptor positive breast cancer. [More]
Maturitas provides new holistic model of care for healthy menopause

Maturitas provides new holistic model of care for healthy menopause

A new position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society published in the journal Maturitas provides a holistic model of care for healthy menopause. [More]
Study shows twice daily exercise intervention improves bone strength in VLBW pre-term infants

Study shows twice daily exercise intervention improves bone strength in VLBW pre-term infants

Because of their low weight and premature birth, very low birth weight (VLBW) pre-term infants have lower bone mineral mass and a greater need for bone nutrients compared to most new-born infants. [More]
Watching TV for long hours during childhood linked to lower bone mineral content

Watching TV for long hours during childhood linked to lower bone mineral content

Consistently watching high levels of television during childhood and adolescence were linked with lower peak bone mass at age 20 years in a recent study. [More]
Fraunhofer scientists show how seaweed has potential to substitute salt

Fraunhofer scientists show how seaweed has potential to substitute salt

Salt (sodium chloride) is an essential nutrient, but one that is often present in surprising quantities in industrially processed foods. [More]
Buck researchers find new way for possible treatment of AMD

Buck researchers find new way for possible treatment of AMD

Buck researchers boosted the potency of a broccoli-related compound by ten times and identified it as a possible treatment for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of vision loss affecting more than 10 million older Americans. [More]
Diabetes drug metformin could help reduce toxic acid levels linked to MSUD

Diabetes drug metformin could help reduce toxic acid levels linked to MSUD

Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) is a rare inherited metabolic disorder involving the dysfunction of an enzyme which breaks down three essential amino acids: leucine, isoleucine and valine. [More]
Menopause symptoms: can a healthcare professional help? An interview with Dr Heather Currie

Menopause symptoms: can a healthcare professional help? An interview with Dr Heather Currie

The survey showed that only 50% of women consulted a healthcare professional about their symptoms, despite the fact that many women said their symptoms were having a significant effect on their work life, social life, home life and sex life. [More]
Study finds delayed onset of illness for centenarians than younger counterparts

Study finds delayed onset of illness for centenarians than younger counterparts

Research has shown that the human lifespan has the potential to be extended. But would this merely mean people living longer in poor health? The upbeat findings from a new study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society indicate that those extra years could well be healthy ones [More]
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