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Osteoporosis is a progressive metabolic bone disease that causes a decrease in bone density and gives rise to weak, fragile bones that are prone to fracture. Most commonly, these fractures occur in the spine, wrist and hips when a person falls or bumps into something. If such an event triggers a visit to the doctor, a test of the bone mineral density called a DEXA scan may be performed and reveal osteoporosis.

The term osteoporosis refers to the porous (spongy) state of bone that eventually manifests as the bone’s ability to replenish itself declines over time. When individuals reach the age of around 40, the rate of bone breakdown starts to exceed the rate at which it is replaced, creating increasingly larger holes in the bone that make it less dense and more prone to fracture.

Some of the risk factors for osteoporosis such as gender, age and family history for the condition cannot be changed. However, factors such as diet and activity level can be improved to increase bone strength and individuals are advised to exercise regularly, eat a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium, and quit any smoking or drinking habits.

Osteoporosis is currently thought to be affecting more than 200 million people worldwide but is most common among older, post-menopausal women who have reduced levels of estrogen, an important contributor to bone health.
Complications from partial knee replacement is very small than total knee replacement

Complications from partial knee replacement is very small than total knee replacement

Partial knee replacement surgery is safer than total knee replacement, according to a new study published in The Lancet today (July 8). [More]
KoACT supplement optimal for bone strength, flexibility in post-menopausal women

KoACT supplement optimal for bone strength, flexibility in post-menopausal women

Data presented at April's Experimental Biology 2014 Annual Scientific Meeting shows that KoACT, a dietary supplement that combines a proprietary formulation of calcium and collagen is optimal for bone strength and flexibility in post-menopausal women. [More]
High level of adiponectin linked to decreased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease

High level of adiponectin linked to decreased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease

It has been known for its flavorful addition to soups and as a delicacy for dogs but bone marrow fat may also have untapped health benefits, new research finds. [More]
Menopause-related changes in sex hormones linked to greater risk for heart disease

Menopause-related changes in sex hormones linked to greater risk for heart disease

As hormone levels change during the transition to menopause, the quality of a woman's cholesterol carriers degrades, leaving her at greater risk for heart disease, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health discovered. [More]
Molecule that blocks bone destruction could provide potential therapeutic target for osteoporosis

Molecule that blocks bone destruction could provide potential therapeutic target for osteoporosis

UT-Southwestern cancer researchers have identified a promising molecule that blocks bone destruction and, therefore, could provide a potential therapeutic target for osteoporosis and bone metastases of cancer. [More]
Ligand Pharmaceuticals, TG Therapeutics sign global license agreement for IRAK-4 inhibitors

Ligand Pharmaceuticals, TG Therapeutics sign global license agreement for IRAK-4 inhibitors

Ligand Pharmaceuticals Incorporated announced the signing of an exclusive global license agreement with TG Therapeutics, Inc. for the development and commercialization of Ligand's Interleukin-1 Receptor Associated Kinase-4 (IRAK-4) inhibitors. [More]
Guide to treating endocrine and metabolic emergencies released at ICE/ENDO 2014

Guide to treating endocrine and metabolic emergencies released at ICE/ENDO 2014

The Endocrine Society's publishing imprint Endocrine Press released its first original title, Endocrine and Metabolic Medical Emergencies, today during the Society's annual meeting, ICE/ENDO 2014. [More]
Patients continue to lose bone at least 2 years after bariatric surgery, shows study

Patients continue to lose bone at least 2 years after bariatric surgery, shows study

A new study shows that for at least two years after bariatric surgery, patients continue to lose bone, even after their weight stabilizes. [More]
Denosumab increases bone density for postmenopausal women with osteoporosis

Denosumab increases bone density for postmenopausal women with osteoporosis

Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who take denosumab long-term have increased bone density, sustained low rate of fractures, and a favorable benefit/risk profile, a new multinational study finds. [More]
Researchers develop tissue engineered bone grafts for healing large bone defects

Researchers develop tissue engineered bone grafts for healing large bone defects

Bone is one of the most frequently transplanted tissues. And the demand is rising. Transplants treat large defects like those caused by trauma, complicated fractures, tumour resection or osteoporosis. [More]
New approach promises better drugs for diabetes and osteoporosis

New approach promises better drugs for diabetes and osteoporosis

By swapping replacement parts into the backbone of a synthetic hormone, UW-Madison graduate student Ross Cheloha and his mentor, Sam Gellman, along with collaborators at Harvard Medical School, have built a version of a parathyroid hormone that resists degradation in laboratory mice. [More]
Cranial ultrasound has greater sensitivity than temporal artery biopsy in diagnosis of GCA

Cranial ultrasound has greater sensitivity than temporal artery biopsy in diagnosis of GCA

A new study presented for the first time today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2014), shows that cranial ultrasound has a greater sensitivity than temporal artery biopsy,* and a comparable specificity in the diagnosis of Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA). [More]
Proteins causing daytime sleepiness also play crucial role in bone formation

Proteins causing daytime sleepiness also play crucial role in bone formation

Orexin proteins, which are blamed for spontaneous daytime sleepiness, also play a crucial role in bone formation, according to findings by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers. [More]
Mylan launches Risedronate Sodium Tablets USP, 150 mg

Mylan launches Risedronate Sodium Tablets USP, 150 mg

Mylan Inc. today announced that it has launched Risedronate Sodium Tablets USP, 150 mg, the generic version of Warner Chilcott's Actonel Tablets. Mylan received final approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for its Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) for this product, which is indicated for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. [More]
Study presents oxytocin as latest treatment target for age-related muscle wasting

Study presents oxytocin as latest treatment target for age-related muscle wasting

Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have discovered that oxytocin -- a hormone associated with maternal nurturing, social attachments, childbirth and sex -- is indispensable for healthy muscle maintenance and repair, and that in mice, it declines with age. [More]
Studies stress the importance of vitamin D intake during first year of life

Studies stress the importance of vitamin D intake during first year of life

Everyone seems to agree that vitamin D is important throughout life. This is certainly as true in the first year of life as it is later on. [More]
Concise analysis of robotics and surgical navigation systems in the U.S. market

Concise analysis of robotics and surgical navigation systems in the U.S. market

Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue: U.S. Market for Surgical Navigation Systems and Robotics [More]
Parents should take initiative to make sure their hungry teens have healthy fare to eat

Parents should take initiative to make sure their hungry teens have healthy fare to eat

Refrigerators and pantries across the country are bracing for the seasonal assault from teenagers who are now done with school and will eat most of their meals at home for the summer months. [More]
Researchers develop antibodies that reduce liver damage, recovers liver function

Researchers develop antibodies that reduce liver damage, recovers liver function

A Tainan-based research team from National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) has discovered the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis and developed antibodies that reduce liver damage, inhibit hepatic fibrosis, and recover liver function. [More]
Medicare to pay for hep C screenings for baby boomers

Medicare to pay for hep C screenings for baby boomers

The decision comes amid controversy surrounding the costs of new drugs to treat the blood-borne virus. Meanwhile, two studies find that Medicare could save billions if doctors switched from an expensive eye medication to a similar, much cheaper one and, also, if Part D plans were selected based on the actual drugs patients take. [More]