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Osteoporosis is a progressive metabolic bone disease that causes a decrease in bone density and gives rise to weak, fragile bones that are prone to fracture. Most commonly, these fractures occur in the spine, wrist and hips when a person falls or bumps into something. If such an event triggers a visit to the doctor, a test of the bone mineral density called a DEXA scan may be performed and reveal osteoporosis.

The term osteoporosis refers to the porous (spongy) state of bone that eventually manifests as the bone’s ability to replenish itself declines over time. When individuals reach the age of around 40, the rate of bone breakdown starts to exceed the rate at which it is replaced, creating increasingly larger holes in the bone that make it less dense and more prone to fracture.

Some of the risk factors for osteoporosis such as gender, age and family history for the condition cannot be changed. However, factors such as diet and activity level can be improved to increase bone strength and individuals are advised to exercise regularly, eat a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium, and quit any smoking or drinking habits.

Osteoporosis is currently thought to be affecting more than 200 million people worldwide but is most common among older, post-menopausal women who have reduced levels of estrogen, an important contributor to bone health.
Vitamin D supplements during pregnancy do not improve babies' bone health, but may have seasonal effect

Vitamin D supplements during pregnancy do not improve babies' bone health, but may have seasonal effect

Taking vitamin D supplements during pregnancy, as recommended for all women under UK guidelines, has no significant effect on the bone density of babies, according to the first randomised controlled trial of its kind, published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal. [More]
Kids who take ADHD medications show decreased bone density

Kids who take ADHD medications show decreased bone density

Children and adolescents who take medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) show decreased bone density, according to a large cross-sectional study presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. [More]
Osteoporosis drugs linked to unusual fractures of the femur

Osteoporosis drugs linked to unusual fractures of the femur

Osteoporosis drugs have significantly reduced the risk of bone fractures for millions of people, but also have been linked to unusual fractures of the femur (thigh bone). [More]
Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy can help increase bone strength in babies born in winter months

Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy can help increase bone strength in babies born in winter months

Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy may lead to stronger bones in babies born during the winter months, a new Southampton study has shown. [More]
Report: One in two Americans affected by musculoskeletal condition

Report: One in two Americans affected by musculoskeletal condition

An estimated 126.6 million Americans (one in two adults) are affected by a musculoskeletal condition--comparable to the total percentage of Americans living with a chronic lung or heart condition--costing an estimated $213 billion in annual treatment, care and lost wages, according to a new report issued today by the United States Bone and Joint Initiative. [More]
Low-sodium intake has little impact on bone health in postmenopausal women

Low-sodium intake has little impact on bone health in postmenopausal women

A low-salt diet does not necessarily translate to stronger bones in postmenopausal women, physician-scientists report. [More]
Single dose of zoledronic acid can inhibit bone loss in HIV-infected patients

Single dose of zoledronic acid can inhibit bone loss in HIV-infected patients

A single dose of the drug zoledronic acid was found to inhibit the bone loss that is common in HIV-infected patients and that is increased during the first two years of treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART). [More]
Consuming dried plums can protect from radiation-induced bone loss

Consuming dried plums can protect from radiation-induced bone loss

Dr. Nancy Turner, a Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientist in College Station, was one of a team of researchers who recently studied different interventions to protect from radiation-induced bone loss. [More]
Romosozumab for postmenopausal women with osteoporosis meets co-primary endpoints in Phase 3 study

Romosozumab for postmenopausal women with osteoporosis meets co-primary endpoints in Phase 3 study

Amgen and UCB today announced top-line results from the Phase 3 placebo-controlled FRActure study in postmenopausal woMen with ostEoporosis (FRAME). [More]
Physical therapy reduces urinary problems in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis

Physical therapy reduces urinary problems in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis

After menopause, women with osteoporosis struggle more with urinary incontinence than women with healthy bones do. But physical therapy that includes pelvic floor muscle training can produce dramatic improvements, shows a study published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society. [More]
People who feel older may end up in hospital as they age

People who feel older may end up in hospital as they age

People who feel older than their peers are more likely to be hospitalized as they age, regardless of their actual age or other demographic factors, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. [More]
Exercise-associated bone loading during adolescence, young adulthood benefits bone density in adulthood

Exercise-associated bone loading during adolescence, young adulthood benefits bone density in adulthood

Men have many reasons to add high-impact and resistance training to their exercise regimens; these reasons include building muscle and shedding fat. Now a University of Missouri researcher has determined another significant benefit to these activities: building bone mass. [More]
NOF provides evidence-based guidance to help children and adolescents attain optimal bone health

NOF provides evidence-based guidance to help children and adolescents attain optimal bone health

The National Osteoporosis Foundation today released a position statement providing evidence-based guidance and a national implementation strategy to help children and adolescents achieve optimal bone health, or what is known as "peak bone mass," early in life. [More]
To reduce skin cancer risk, Vitamin D deficient Aussies should supplement

To reduce skin cancer risk, Vitamin D deficient Aussies should supplement

Health pioneers BetterYou are advising those looking to boost their levels of the ‘sunshine vitamin’ to supplement orally as a safer alternative to lengthy UV exposure. [More]
Scientific breakthrough could contribute to early diagnosis of osteoporosis, Alzheimer's

Scientific breakthrough could contribute to early diagnosis of osteoporosis, Alzheimer's

Scientists from the University of Granada have developed a new fluorescent dye capable of detecting, in a single test lasting 20 minutes, the presence of phosphate and biothiol inside living cells. This scientific breakthrough could contribute significantly to the early diagnosis of diseases such as osteoporosis, Alzheimer's, type 2 diabetes, and prostate cancer, since abnormal levels of both substances are associated with these diseases. [More]
UCLA researchers find protein combination that could improve clinical bone restoration

UCLA researchers find protein combination that could improve clinical bone restoration

A UCLA research team has found a combination of proteins that could significantly improve clinical bone restoration. The findings may be a big step toward developing effective therapeutic treatments for bone skeletal defects, bone loss and osteoporosis. [More]
10 million of us lack sunshine vitamin

10 million of us lack sunshine vitamin

Health pioneers BetterYou have welcomed the views of Nutritionist Marilyn Glenville, that ‘oil based supplements can help you get your recommended dose of vitamin D’. [More]
Oestrogen supplements could reduce dementia risk in women

Oestrogen supplements could reduce dementia risk in women

Women who take oestrogen supplements from before or at the start of menopause and continue with them for a few years have better preserved brain structure, which may reduce the risk of dementia. [More]
Novel technique helps identify diabetic patients at risk of bone fractures

Novel technique helps identify diabetic patients at risk of bone fractures

A Southampton study using high resolution imaging to create a "virtual bone biopsy" has shed new light on why people with type 2 diabetes are at risk of bone fractures. [More]
Simple blood test could help eliminate B12 deficiencies among older adults in long-term care homes

Simple blood test could help eliminate B12 deficiencies among older adults in long-term care homes

A high proportion of older adults entering long-term care homes in Ontario are B12 deficient, with more developing deficiencies over the course of their first year in residence, according to research from the University of Waterloo. There is a connection between B12 deficiency and several serious health conditions. [More]
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