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Osteoporosis is a progressive metabolic bone disease that causes a decrease in bone density and gives rise to weak, fragile bones that are prone to fracture. Most commonly, these fractures occur in the spine, wrist and hips when a person falls or bumps into something. If such an event triggers a visit to the doctor, a test of the bone mineral density called a DEXA scan may be performed and reveal osteoporosis.

The term osteoporosis refers to the porous (spongy) state of bone that eventually manifests as the bone’s ability to replenish itself declines over time. When individuals reach the age of around 40, the rate of bone breakdown starts to exceed the rate at which it is replaced, creating increasingly larger holes in the bone that make it less dense and more prone to fracture.

Some of the risk factors for osteoporosis such as gender, age and family history for the condition cannot be changed. However, factors such as diet and activity level can be improved to increase bone strength and individuals are advised to exercise regularly, eat a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium, and quit any smoking or drinking habits.

Osteoporosis is currently thought to be affecting more than 200 million people worldwide but is most common among older, post-menopausal women who have reduced levels of estrogen, an important contributor to bone health.
New approach to predict myeloma patients using calcium isotope analysis

New approach to predict myeloma patients using calcium isotope analysis

A team of researchers from Arizona State University and Mayo Clinic is showing how a staple of Earth science research can be used in biomedical settings to predict the course of disease. [More]
New tool could help reduce number of future potentially fatal hip fractures

New tool could help reduce number of future potentially fatal hip fractures

A new tool is being developed by experts in Manchester which automatically searches medical images for early signs of osteoporosis in the spine by identifying fractures there and could help reduce the number of future potentially fatal hip fractures. [More]
Osteoporosis drugs may not protect women from breast cancer

Osteoporosis drugs may not protect women from breast cancer

Osteoporosis drugs known as bisphosphonates may not protect women from breast cancer as had been thought, according to a new study led by researchers at UC San Francisco (UCSF). [More]
Mutated gene related to diabetes in Mexicans, shows research

Mutated gene related to diabetes in Mexicans, shows research

The research team, directed by Dr. Karol Estrada, analyzed genetic sequencing of 8000 Mexicans and found a mutated gene related to diabetes in 30% of mestizos and in half the indigenous population. [More]
New project aims to develop unique database on frailty and dementia

New project aims to develop unique database on frailty and dementia

What is the relationship between frailty and dementia? Many studies acknowledge that frailty and dementia often coexist, but little research has been done on why that is the case. [More]
ACAAI offers practical solutions to improve asthma problem in older women

ACAAI offers practical solutions to improve asthma problem in older women

Women over the age of 65 face numerous barriers to good health: an increased risk for obesity, greater struggles against poverty and higher rates of asthma with worse health outcomes. [More]
Longer looks: Pittsburgh's 'frayed safety net'; feeding hungry kids in the summer; curing cancer

Longer looks: Pittsburgh's 'frayed safety net'; feeding hungry kids in the summer; curing cancer

More than a quarter of the hospitals in the Pittsburgh area closed in the first decade of the 21s century, drastically reducing the amount of charitable care available to the poor. [More]
Study suggests healthy diet, sleep and exercise can mitigate negative impacts of stress

Study suggests healthy diet, sleep and exercise can mitigate negative impacts of stress

A new study from UC San Francisco is the first to show that while the impact of life's stressors accumulate overtime and accelerate cellular aging, these negative effects may be reduced by maintaining a healthy diet, exercising and sleeping well. [More]
Genetics involved with menarche may hold keys to preventing diabetes or osteoporosis in later life

Genetics involved with menarche may hold keys to preventing diabetes or osteoporosis in later life

A novel study shows that the age girls reach puberty is influenced by 'imprinted genes'-a subset of genes whose activity differs depending on which parent contributes the gene. [More]
Research suggests effective role for natural steroid hormones in treating breast cancer

Research suggests effective role for natural steroid hormones in treating breast cancer

A new study supports a growing body of research suggesting a safe and effective role for natural steroid hormones in treating postmenopausal breast cancer, with fewer detrimental side effects and improved health profile than with standard anti-hormone therapies. [More]
Chemclin's Vitamin D assay helps in quantitative determination of 25-OH Vitamin D in human serum

Chemclin's Vitamin D assay helps in quantitative determination of 25-OH Vitamin D in human serum

Chemclin's new Vitamin D assay provides components for in-vitro quantitative determination of 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D (25-OH Vitamin D) in human serum by a competitive chemiluminescent assay method. [More]
Study examines mechanism of bone-protective properties of California dried plums

Study examines mechanism of bone-protective properties of California dried plums

Fifty-seven million Americans suffer from low bone density or osteoporosis, a disease which causes bones to become so weak and brittle that even a minor fall or other stresses may cause fractures. [More]
Reducing the risk of fractures in older women

Reducing the risk of fractures in older women

Reducing the risk of fractures in older women is the aim of a research study at Griffith University. [More]
Chemoprevention and colon cancer: an interview with Dr. John Letterio, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine

Chemoprevention and colon cancer: an interview with Dr. John Letterio, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine

The basic idea of cancer chemopre­vention is to arrest or reverse the progression of pre­malignant cells towards full malignancy, using physiological mechanisms that do not kill healthy cells. [More]
Study: People with mobility impairments under age 65 have higher rates of smoking

Study: People with mobility impairments under age 65 have higher rates of smoking

Researchers from The Miriam Hospital have found that people with mobility impairments under age 65 have significantly higher rates of smoking than those without mobility impairments. [More]
Medical treatment guidelines for diabetes

Medical treatment guidelines for diabetes

Medical treatment guidelines are suggestions that international organizations such as the American Diabetes Association, the European Society for the Study of Diabetes and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, used to set the tone in the control of the disease and how to apply a better therapy, depending on the physical condition of the person. [More]
New class of anti-arthritic drugs reduce arthritic joint inflammation and periodontitis

New class of anti-arthritic drugs reduce arthritic joint inflammation and periodontitis

Inflammatory diseases can occur simultaneously in distinct sites in the same patient, complicating treatment because a medication effective for one disorder may exacerbate the other. [More]
Complications from partial knee replacement is very small than total knee replacement

Complications from partial knee replacement is very small than total knee replacement

Partial knee replacement surgery is safer than total knee replacement, according to a new study published in The Lancet today (July 8). [More]
KoACT supplement optimal for bone strength, flexibility in post-menopausal women

KoACT supplement optimal for bone strength, flexibility in post-menopausal women

Data presented at April's Experimental Biology 2014 Annual Scientific Meeting shows that KoACT, a dietary supplement that combines a proprietary formulation of calcium and collagen is optimal for bone strength and flexibility in post-menopausal women. [More]
High level of adiponectin linked to decreased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease

High level of adiponectin linked to decreased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease

It has been known for its flavorful addition to soups and as a delicacy for dogs but bone marrow fat may also have untapped health benefits, new research finds. [More]