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The pancreas is a gland organ in the digestive and endocrine system of vertebrates. It is both an endocrine gland producing several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin, as well as an exocrine gland, secreting pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes that pass to the small intestine. These enzymes help in the further breakdown of the carbohydrates, protein, and fat in the chyme.
New research shows that serious life events in childhood can increase type 1 diabetes risk

New research shows that serious life events in childhood can increase type 1 diabetes risk

New research from Sweden published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) shows that serious life events (SLEs) in childhood, such as death or illness in the family, divorce/separation, a new child or adult in the family, and conflicts in the family, can triple the risk of subsequently developing type 1 diabetes (T1D). [More]
May issues of AGA's journals highlight important research updates on liver disease

May issues of AGA's journals highlight important research updates on liver disease

The May issues of AGA's journals -- Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology and Gastroenterology -- highlight important research updates on the most deadly forms of liver disease. [More]
Study: Childhood cancer survivors need better care throughout their lives

Study: Childhood cancer survivors need better care throughout their lives

Children with cancer have a good chance of surviving the disease--today more than 80 percent survive because of advances in treatment and care. However, recent studies have shown that some of these more than 420,000 U.S. childhood cancer survivors face future health-related challenges as they become adults such as a second cancer diagnosis, cardiac failure, or other severe medical complications. [More]
Researchers uncover methylated DNA markers that may lead to noninvasive cancer screening

Researchers uncover methylated DNA markers that may lead to noninvasive cancer screening

A team of Mayo Clinic researchers has succeeded in identifying the source of cancer in patients' gastrointestinal tracts by analyzing DNA markers from tumors. The results open the possibility that doctors could one day be able to screen for cancer anywhere in the body with a noninvasive blood test or stool sample. [More]
Oral insulin could help prevent type 1 diabetes in high-risk children

Oral insulin could help prevent type 1 diabetes in high-risk children

Children at risk for type 1 diabetes, who were given daily doses of oral insulin, developed a protective immune response to the disease that researchers with the Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus say could possibly lay the groundwork for a vaccine against the chronic illness. [More]
New class of drugs targeting blood glucose level could benefit individuals with type 2 diabetes

New class of drugs targeting blood glucose level could benefit individuals with type 2 diabetes

Individuals with type 2 diabetes, who are resistant to insulin, have an excess blood glucose level, which they are now trying to reduce using a new class of diabetes drugs known as the gliflozins. [More]
UC Davis assistant professor wins Hartwell Foundation award to explore treatment for juvenile diabetes

UC Davis assistant professor wins Hartwell Foundation award to explore treatment for juvenile diabetes

UC Davis Assistant Professor Mark Huising is a recipient of The Hartwell Foundation 2014 Individual Biomedical Research Award to support his early-stage research toward a cure for juvenile diabetes. Diabetes affects 10 percent of the entire United States population, including approximately a million children. Remarkably, 40 children every day receive the diagnosis of diabetes. [More]
Accuray's InCise MLC for CyberKnife M6 System now available outside the U.S.

Accuray's InCise MLC for CyberKnife M6 System now available outside the U.S.

Accuray Incorporated announced today that the InCise Multileaf Collimator (MLC) for the CyberKnife M6 System will now be available outside the United States in markets where it is approved for sale, in addition to the U.S. market where the InCise MLC was commercially launched in February 2015. [More]
CU Cancer Center researcher examines link between cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease

CU Cancer Center researcher examines link between cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease

In a major symposium at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2015, University of Colorado Cancer Center investigator Tim Byers, MD, MPH, examines research demonstrating the link between cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. [More]
AACR throws spotlight on the experience of Individualized Molecular Pancreatic Cancer Therapy trial

AACR throws spotlight on the experience of Individualized Molecular Pancreatic Cancer Therapy trial

After performing thousands of unsuccessful experiments in his attempt to perfect the light bulb, Thomas Edison famously remarked: "I have not failed, not once. I've discovered ten thousand ways that don't work." [More]
Scientists identify chemical compounds that block cancer-causing oncoprotein

Scientists identify chemical compounds that block cancer-causing oncoprotein

A team of scientists at the University of Kansas has pinpointed six chemical compounds that thwart HuR, an "oncoprotein" that binds to RNA and promotes tumor growth. [More]
New, cross-sector collaboration aims to discover clinical biomarker for pancreatic cancer

New, cross-sector collaboration aims to discover clinical biomarker for pancreatic cancer

The search to discover and validate the first-ever clinical biomarker to diagnose and treat pancreatic cancer is at the foundation of a new, cross-sector collaboration. Berg, a biopharmaceutical company committed to uncovering health solutions through a data-driven, biological research approach; the Cancer Center at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, a Harvard Medical School teaching hospital, and the Pancreatic Cancer Research Team managed by Cancer Research And Biostatistics announced today they will work together to eradicate the disease. [More]
CUMC researchers identify cellular defect that could lead to potential new treatment for diabetes

CUMC researchers identify cellular defect that could lead to potential new treatment for diabetes

A cellular defect that can impair the body's ability to handle high glucose levels and could point the way to a potential new treatment for diabetes has been identified by Columbia University Medical Center researchers. [More]
Researchers discover genetic factors key to POMC cells

Researchers discover genetic factors key to POMC cells

The little voice inside your head that tells you to eat, or stop eating, isn't a little voice - it's actually a cluster of about 10,000 specialized brain cells. And now, an international team of scientists has found tiny triggers inside those cells that give rise to this "voice", and keep it speaking throughout life. [More]
Study calls for more intensive psychotherapeutic support for patients with alcohol addiction

Study calls for more intensive psychotherapeutic support for patients with alcohol addiction

The mortality of alcohol dependent patients in general hospitals is many times higher than that of patients without alcohol dependency. [More]
Study: 'Open' stem cell chromosomes hold great promise for treating liver, pancreas diseases

Study: 'Open' stem cell chromosomes hold great promise for treating liver, pancreas diseases

Stem cells hold great promise for treating a number of diseases, in part because they have the unique ability to differentiate, specializing into any one of the hundreds of cell types that comprise the human body. [More]
Less-toxic drug combined with fasting may kill cancer cells

Less-toxic drug combined with fasting may kill cancer cells

Fasting in combination with chemotherapy has already been shown to kill cancer cells, but a pair of new studies in mice suggests that a less-toxic class of drugs combined with fasting may kill breast, colorectal and lung cancer cells equally well. [More]
New AGA guideline changes clinical practice for patients with asymptomatic pancreatic cysts

New AGA guideline changes clinical practice for patients with asymptomatic pancreatic cysts

A new guideline from the American Gastroenterological Association changes clinical practice by recommending longer surveillance periods for patients with asymptomatic pancreatic cysts and new criteria that limits surgery to those who will receive the most benefit. [More]
Glyxambi for Type 2 diabetes treatment now available by prescription across the U.S.

Glyxambi for Type 2 diabetes treatment now available by prescription across the U.S.

Glyxambi® (empagliflozin/linagliptin) tablets are now available by prescription in many leading chain and independent pharmacies across the U.S., including Walgreens and Rite Aid. [More]
Saccharin could potentially lead to development of drugs for difficult-to-treat cancers

Saccharin could potentially lead to development of drugs for difficult-to-treat cancers

Saccharin, the artificial sweetener that is the main ingredient in Sweet 'N Low, Sweet Twin and Necta, could do far more than just keep our waistlines trim. According to new research, this popular sugar substitute could potentially lead to the development of drugs capable of combating aggressive, difficult-to-treat cancers with fewer side effects. [More]
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