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Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a biologically important type of molecule that consists of a long chain of nucleotide units. Each nucleotide consists of a nitrogenous base, a ribose sugar, and a phosphate.
New blood test helps identify bacterial infection in infants with fever

New blood test helps identify bacterial infection in infants with fever

A blood test used to measure patterns of ribonucleic acid (RNA) expression can help determine if fever in infants under 2 months old is caused by bacterial or viral infection, according to a preliminary study recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. [More]
Researchers find genomic material from Zika virus in tears

Researchers find genomic material from Zika virus in tears

Researchers have found that Zika virus can live in eyes and have identified genetic material from the virus in tears, according to a study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. [More]
Nanomechanical microcantilevers can quickly detect mutations in patients with malignant melanoma

Nanomechanical microcantilevers can quickly detect mutations in patients with malignant melanoma

Changes in the genetic make-up of tissue samples can be detected quickly and easily using a new method based on nanotechnology. [More]
Good blood microcirculation linked to longevity

Good blood microcirculation linked to longevity

Human longevity has been previously linked by researchers to genetic factors, calorie restriction, and certain life-style factors such as physical activity or the Mediterranean diet. [More]
Six NIH-funded projects aim to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration

Six NIH-funded projects aim to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration

The National Institutes of Health will fund six projects to identify biological factors that affect neural regeneration in the retina. [More]
Mayo Clinic offers CDC’s Zika virus screening test

Mayo Clinic offers CDC’s Zika virus screening test

Mayo Clinic will offer the Zika virus antibody test developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [More]
Blood cancer treatment linked to distinct increase in molecular age of immune cells

Blood cancer treatment linked to distinct increase in molecular age of immune cells

Certain cancer treatments are known to take a toll on patients, causing side effects like fatigue, nausea and hair loss. Now, scientists are investigating whether some treatments can cause another long-term side effect: premature aging of important disease-fighting cells. [More]
Research sheds new light on how human organ systems develop

Research sheds new light on how human organ systems develop

For the first time, the precise way individual human organs and tissue develop has been mapped - providing new insight into how genetic disorders can occur during the crucial early phase of development. [More]
Researchers receive USAID grant to pursue new solution to Zika outbreak

Researchers receive USAID grant to pursue new solution to Zika outbreak

A team of researchers from the University of Notre Dame's Eck Institute for Global Health has received a grant from the USAID to pursue a novel solution to the Zika outbreak. [More]
Study reveals vital new details about inner workings of CRISPR-Cas9 machinery in live cells

Study reveals vital new details about inner workings of CRISPR-Cas9 machinery in live cells

A study in The Journal of Cell Biology by scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School reveals important new details about the inner workings of the CRISPR-Cas9 machinery in live cells that may have implications for the development of therapeutics that use the powerful gene editing tool. [More]
Researchers find new way for early prediction of leukemic relapse

Researchers find new way for early prediction of leukemic relapse

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center have identified RNA-based biomarkers that distinguish between normal, aging hematopoietic stem cells and leukemia stem cells associated with secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML), a particularly problematic disease that typically afflicts older patients who have often already experienced a bout with cancer. [More]
Non-coding RNAs play key role in maintaining proper balance between fighting infection and inflammation

Non-coding RNAs play key role in maintaining proper balance between fighting infection and inflammation

Special RNA molecules called long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key controllers for maintaining immune health when fighting infection or preventing inflammatory disorders, according to research led by Jorge Henao-Mejia, MD, PhD, an assistant professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. [More]
Scientists explore geochemical conditions that may have led to first relevant organophosphates

Scientists explore geochemical conditions that may have led to first relevant organophosphates

The phosphate ion is almost insoluble and is one of the most inactive of Earth's most abundant phosphate minerals. So how could phosphate have originally been incorporated into ribonucleotides, the building blocks of RNA, which are considered to be among the earliest constituents of life? American and Spanish scientists have now identified reasonable conditions to mobilize phosphate from insoluble apatite minerals for prebiotic organophosphate synthesis, including ribonucleotides. [More]
Researchers design DNA-based circuit that does math in a test tube

Researchers design DNA-based circuit that does math in a test tube

Often described as the blueprint of life, DNA contains the instructions for making every living thing from a human to a house fly. [More]
New chemical compound could potentially be used to treat Ebola virus infection

New chemical compound could potentially be used to treat Ebola virus infection

Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells. [More]
Cloned Zika virus could be used for development of attenuated vaccine

Cloned Zika virus could be used for development of attenuated vaccine

Stopping the explosive spread of Zika virus - which can lead to birth defects in babies born to infected mothers - depends on genetic insights gleaned through new tools and models. [More]
Neuroscientists demonstrate revolutionary new way of mapping the brain at single-neuron resolution

Neuroscientists demonstrate revolutionary new way of mapping the brain at single-neuron resolution

Neuroscientists today publish in Neuron details of a revolutionary new way of mapping the brain at the resolution of individual neurons, which they have successfully demonstrated in the mouse brain. [More]
Researchers unravel mechanism by which hippocampal stem cells regulate their own fate

Researchers unravel mechanism by which hippocampal stem cells regulate their own fate

To date, it has been assumed that the differentiation of stem cells depends on the environment they are embedded in. [More]
Scientists find way to boost efficiency with which CRISPR-Cas9 cuts and disables genes

Scientists find way to boost efficiency with which CRISPR-Cas9 cuts and disables genes

CRISPR-Cas9 is the go-to technique for knocking out genes in human cell lines to discover what the genes do, but the efficiency with which it disables genes can vary immensely. [More]
New book from Cold Spring Harbor examines major antibiotics and mechanisms of resistance

New book from Cold Spring Harbor examines major antibiotics and mechanisms of resistance

One of the greatest medical accomplishments of the past century was the introduction of antibiotics into the clinic. [More]
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