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Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a biologically important type of molecule that consists of a long chain of nucleotide units. Each nucleotide consists of a nitrogenous base, a ribose sugar, and a phosphate.
Scientists identify microrna that provides clues for quieting auditory hallucinations of schizophrenia

Scientists identify microrna that provides clues for quieting auditory hallucinations of schizophrenia

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have identified a small RNA (microRNA) that may be essential to restoring normal function in a brain circuit associated with the "voices" and other hallucinations of schizophrenia. [More]
HD is myopathy as well as neurodegenerative disease, study suggests

HD is myopathy as well as neurodegenerative disease, study suggests

Researchers have discovered that mice with Huntington's disease (HD) suffer defects in muscle maturation that may explain some symptoms of the disorder. [More]
Scientists develop safe, highly efficient method to improve searching of new germicides

Scientists develop safe, highly efficient method to improve searching of new germicides

Scientists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University in cooperation with colleagues have worked out a safe, not that expensive and highly efficient method, which allows to speed up and improve searching of new germicides. [More]
Researchers find new way to target deadly virus and develop vaccines

Researchers find new way to target deadly virus and develop vaccines

Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is an unforgiving killer of horses, donkeys and zebras, resulting in mortality as high as 80 percent of infected animals. It causes rapid, catastrophic swelling of the brain and spinal cord, leading to severe neurological symptoms and--in many cases--sudden death. [More]
Research provides insight into molecular mechanisms involved in immune response to HBV

Research provides insight into molecular mechanisms involved in immune response to HBV

The innate immune system in mammals defends against infection from viruses and other microbial infections. [More]
New study finds link between memory mechanisms and resistance to epilepsy

New study finds link between memory mechanisms and resistance to epilepsy

A new study undertaken jointly by researchers from the Sagol Department of Neurobiology at the University of Haifa and European researchers, published in the journal Cerebral Cortex, exposes a new biological mechanism that, on the one hand, damages a very specific type of memory, but at the same time provides resistance to epilepsy. [More]
Landmark study of virosphere uncovers 1445 viruses

Landmark study of virosphere uncovers 1445 viruses

A landmark study of the virosphere of the most populous animals – those without backbones such as insects, spiders and worms and that live around our houses – has uncovered 1445 viruses, revealing people have only scratched the surface of the world of viruses – but it is likely that only a few cause disease. [More]
Researchers uncover neural progenitors in protective membranes covering the brain

Researchers uncover neural progenitors in protective membranes covering the brain

In a cross-domain study directed by professor Peter Carmeliet (VIB - KU Leuven), researchers discovered unexpected cells in the protective membranes that enclose the brain, the so called meninges. [More]
Karolinska Institute biologist receives 2016 Naomi Berrie Award for excellence in diabetes research

Karolinska Institute biologist receives 2016 Naomi Berrie Award for excellence in diabetes research

Columbia University has awarded the 2016 Naomi Berrie Award for Outstanding Achievement in Diabetes Research to Peter Arner, MD, PhD, a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Medicine at the Karolinska Institute, whose studies on the turnover of fat tissue in the human body has revealed processes that contribute to obesity and diabetes. [More]
Pitt researcher finds way to regenerate heart tissues in mammals

Pitt researcher finds way to regenerate heart tissues in mammals

Many lower forms of life on earth exhibit an extraordinary ability to regenerate tissue, limbs, and even organs--a skill that is lost among humans and other mammals. [More]
TMDU researchers identify novel type of cell death in Huntington's disease

TMDU researchers identify novel type of cell death in Huntington's disease

In Huntington's disease (HD), the huntingtin gene is mutated, causing progressive neuronal death. [More]
Titin gene mutations affect heart function in healthy individuals, study finds

Titin gene mutations affect heart function in healthy individuals, study finds

A multinational study by researchers from the UK, Singapore and Germany has discovered that gene mutations in a protein called titin affect heart function in healthy individuals. [More]
Würzburg researchers develop novel technique to provide new insight into Salmonella infection process

Würzburg researchers develop novel technique to provide new insight into Salmonella infection process

Technological advances are making the analysis of single bacterial infected human cells feasible, Würzburg researchers have used this technology to provide new insight into the Salmonella infection process. [More]
New research shows impact of fiber deprivation on mouse gut

New research shows impact of fiber deprivation on mouse gut

It sounds like the plot of a 1950s science fiction movie: normal, helpful bacteria that begin to eat their host from within, because they don't get what they want. [More]
Researchers create temporal and spatial atlas that plots development of mouse heart

Researchers create temporal and spatial atlas that plots development of mouse heart

It's not simple, making a heart. In the womb, the organ begins as a tube, sprouts bead-like lumps, folds in on itself and eventually morphs into the more familiar-looking four-chambered structure. [More]
TSRI scientists discover precise signaling mechanisms that regulate brain’s motor function

TSRI scientists discover precise signaling mechanisms that regulate brain’s motor function

In new findings that could have an impact the development of therapies for a number of currently untreatable brain disorders such as Parkinson’s and Huntington’s diseases, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found, for the first time, that a specific signaling circuit in the brain is deeply involved in motor activity. [More]
Suppressed vaginal immune response makes women more susceptible to RNA viruses

Suppressed vaginal immune response makes women more susceptible to RNA viruses

Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes discovered that the vaginal immune system is suppressed in response to RNA viruses, such as Zika. [More]
New bioinformatic framework identifies protein that plays key role in diabetic kidney disease

New bioinformatic framework identifies protein that plays key role in diabetic kidney disease

A new bioinformatic framework developed by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine has identified key proteins significantly altered at the gene-expression level in biopsied tissue from patients with diabetic kidney disease, a result that may reveal new therapeutic targets. [More]
Preconsumption of red wine can prevent short-term vascular injury caused by smoking

Preconsumption of red wine can prevent short-term vascular injury caused by smoking

Drinking red wine is widely regarded as protective against cardiovascular disease. A new report in The American Journal of Medicine found that a glass or two of red wine before lighting up a cigarette can counteract some of the short-term negative effects of smoking on blood vessels. [More]
Personalised Breast Cancer Project launches at Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute

Personalised Breast Cancer Project launches at Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute

A NEW personalised breast cancer programme which will map patients' DNA and RNA to tailor treatment for individuals launches at the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute. [More]
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