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Researchers examine role of neural circuit in making decisions

Researchers examine role of neural circuit in making decisions

Choosing what shirt to buy, what to order for lunch or whether to go with the hearty red wine or the lighter white all involve assigning values to the options. A small brain structure plays a central role in the many decisions like this we make each day. But it hasn't been clear how a limited number of neurons in this small part of the brain can support an unlimited number of choices. [More]
Moderate drinking not linked to longer life, study shows

Moderate drinking not linked to longer life, study shows

Many people believe a glass of wine with dinner will help them live longer and healthier--but the scientific evidence is shaky at best, according to a new research analysis. [More]
Real maple syrup shows promise in protecting brain health

Real maple syrup shows promise in protecting brain health

As part of a two-day symposium at the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society, a group of international scientists shared promising results of 24 studies exploring the beneficial effects of natural products on the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases, particularly Alzheimer's disease. [More]
Is the global diet getting sweeter? An interview with Professor Barry Popkin

Is the global diet getting sweeter? An interview with Professor Barry Popkin

In the past, caloric sweeteners simply referred to cane sugar or beet sugar. However, over time we've created hundreds of different sugars that are all providing calories of the same amount, about four calories for every gram of the sugar. Some examples include corn syrups and more processed sweeteners like high fructose corn syrup. [More]
Alcohol limits lowered to reflect current knowledge of associated health risks

Alcohol limits lowered to reflect current knowledge of associated health risks

UK guidelines for alcohol consumption have been revised to bring them in line with current research findings. The revised guidelines, published today, state that there is not a safe limit for alcohol intake and that the risks are similar for men and women. [More]
Stony Brook Medicine expert shares tips to minimize heartburn during holiday season

Stony Brook Medicine expert shares tips to minimize heartburn during holiday season

The holiday season is upon us and most days and nights will be filled with delicious festivities! However, with millions of Americans suffering from heartburn, fear may set in when anticipating these celebrations. [More]
Addressing quality of life needs in prostate cancer: an interview with Professor Louis Denis

Addressing quality of life needs in prostate cancer: an interview with Professor Louis Denis

Modern patient-directed management is based on optimal, individual medical treatment and holistic personalised patient-centred care. This is certainly true in prostate cancer where most patients are over 60 years of age. They face a negative physical and functional impact from the diagnosis as well as from the treatment with emotional and social challenges. [More]
Scientists find way to produce industrial quantities of beneficial natural compounds in tomatoes

Scientists find way to produce industrial quantities of beneficial natural compounds in tomatoes

Scientists at the John Innes Centre have found a way to produce industrial quantities of useful natural compounds efficiently, by growing them in tomatoes. [More]
Intake of cocoa flavanols improves cardiovascular function, lowers blood pressure

Intake of cocoa flavanols improves cardiovascular function, lowers blood pressure

Two recently published studies in the journals Age and the British Journal of Nutrition (BJN) demonstrate that consuming cocoa flavanols improves cardiovascular function and lessens the burden on the heart that comes with the ageing and stiffening of arteries. [More]
MU researchers find that resveratrol affects dogs' immune systems in different ways

MU researchers find that resveratrol affects dogs' immune systems in different ways

Resveratrol, a compound found commonly in grape skins and red wine, has been shown to have several potentially beneficial effects on health, including cardiovascular health, stroke prevention and cancer treatments. However, scientists do not yet fully understand how the chemical works and whether or not it can be used for treatment of diseases in humans and animals. [More]
BIDMC scientists discover new vitamin B3 pathway that regulates liver metabolism

BIDMC scientists discover new vitamin B3 pathway that regulates liver metabolism

Researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center have identified a new vitamin B3 pathway that regulates liver metabolism. The discovery provides an opportunity to pursue the development of novel drug therapies to address obesity, type 2 diabetes and related metabolic diseases. [More]
Smaller doses of resveratrol more effective at preventing bowel cancer

Smaller doses of resveratrol more effective at preventing bowel cancer

Resveratrol, a chemical found in red grapes, is more effective in smaller doses at preventing bowel cancer in mice than high doses, according to new research published today (Wednesday) in the journal Science Translational Medicine. [More]
Resveratrol and quercetin may improve efficacy of existing chemotherapeutic cancer drug

Resveratrol and quercetin may improve efficacy of existing chemotherapeutic cancer drug

Resveratrol and quercetin, two polyphenols that have been widely studied for their health properties, may soon become the basis of an important new advance in cancer treatment, primarily by improving the efficacy and potential use of an existing chemotherapeutic cancer drug. [More]
UCSF researchers find that people divided on cardiovascular benefits of alcohol consumption

UCSF researchers find that people divided on cardiovascular benefits of alcohol consumption

In one of the first published studies using data from the Health eHeart Study, UCSF researchers have found that people are divided on the cardiovascular benefits of alcohol consumption. And, those who do perceive alcohol as "heart healthy" drink substantially more than their counterparts. [More]
USF scientists identify potential compounds to improve cardiovascular system, small vessel disease

USF scientists identify potential compounds to improve cardiovascular system, small vessel disease

University of South Florida scientists have identified a group of compounds with the potential for beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system and small vessel disease while researching grape seed extracts discovered at USF. [More]
Loyola ophthalmologist recommends specific foods and supplements for healthy vision

Loyola ophthalmologist recommends specific foods and supplements for healthy vision

You may remember your mother telling you to eat your carrots; they are good for your eyes. Well, she was right. "Carrots are actually just one of the many foods, and supplements that contribute to good eye health," says James McDonnell, MD, pediatric ophthalmologist, Loyola University Health System. "In some cases, eyesight can actually be improved depending on what you eat." [More]
New polymer powder simplifies tests, increases food safety

New polymer powder simplifies tests, increases food safety

To guarantee a high quality of their beer, breweries monitor the production process very closely. With a new polymer powder, this monitoring will be able to be faster and simpler in the future. [More]
Vanderbilt's Stacey Kendrick suggests nine simple steps for healthier heart

Vanderbilt's Stacey Kendrick suggests nine simple steps for healthier heart

In observance of Heart Month in February, Vanderbilt health educator Stacey Kendrick has compiled a list of steps everyone can take for a healthier heart. [More]
Resveratrol found in red grapes, peanuts may help prevent age-related decline in memory

Resveratrol found in red grapes, peanuts may help prevent age-related decline in memory

A compound found in common foods such as red grapes and peanuts may help prevent age-related decline in memory, according to new research published by a faculty member in the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine. [More]
Resveratrol activates ancient stress response in human cells, shows study

Resveratrol activates ancient stress response in human cells, shows study

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found that resveratrol, the red-wine ingredient once touted as an elixir of youth, powerfully activates an evolutionarily ancient stress response in human cells. [More]
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