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Alcohol consumption linked to higher risk of melanoma

Alcohol consumption linked to higher risk of melanoma

Alcohol intake was associated with higher rates of invasive melanoma among white men and women. [More]
Preconsumption of red wine can prevent short-term vascular injury caused by smoking

Preconsumption of red wine can prevent short-term vascular injury caused by smoking

Drinking red wine is widely regarded as protective against cardiovascular disease. A new report in The American Journal of Medicine found that a glass or two of red wine before lighting up a cigarette can counteract some of the short-term negative effects of smoking on blood vessels. [More]
Natural compound found in red wine can lower testosterone levels in women with PCOS

Natural compound found in red wine can lower testosterone levels in women with PCOS

Resveratrol—a natural compound found in red wine and grapes—can help address a hormone imbalance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a leading cause of infertility in women, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Component in red wine and grapes can suppress inflammation linked to airway disease

Component in red wine and grapes can suppress inflammation linked to airway disease

A component of red wine and grapes can help control inflammation induced by a bacterial pathogen that is linked to upper respiratory tract inflammatory diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and middle ear infection (otitis media), according to a study by researchers at Georgia State University. [More]
Advances in brain research since patient HM: an interview with Dr Jacopo Annese

Advances in brain research since patient HM: an interview with Dr Jacopo Annese

Jacopo Annese, President and CEO of the Institute for Brain and Society, a non-profit organization dedicated to democratizing neuroscience and making neuroscience tools and knowledge about the brain more available to the public, discusses his work on the Human Brain Library. [More]
Resveratrol may be clinically beneficial to people with Alzheimer's disease

Resveratrol may be clinically beneficial to people with Alzheimer's disease

Resveratrol, given to Alzheimer's patients, appears to restore the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, reducing the ability of harmful immune molecules secreted by immune cells to infiltrate from the body into brain tissues, say researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center. [More]
Impact of diet may depend on individual’s genetic composition

Impact of diet may depend on individual’s genetic composition

If you've ever seen a friend have good results from a diet but then not been able to match those results yourself, you may not be surprised by new findings in mice that show that diet response is highly individualized. [More]
Novel combination therapy may help provide clinically successful treatment for AD

Novel combination therapy may help provide clinically successful treatment for AD

Resveratrol is a naturally occurring polyphenolic phytochemical produced in several plants, especially grapes skin and seeds. One epidemiological study reported a positive association between moderate red wine consumption and a low incidence of cardiovascular disease, known as the "French Paradox." [More]
New technique may help replace brain cells, restore memory

New technique may help replace brain cells, restore memory

Although brains—even adult brains—are far more malleable than we used to think, they are eventually subject to age-related illnesses, like dementia, and loss of cognitive function. [More]
Researchers examine role of neural circuit in making decisions

Researchers examine role of neural circuit in making decisions

Choosing what shirt to buy, what to order for lunch or whether to go with the hearty red wine or the lighter white all involve assigning values to the options. A small brain structure plays a central role in the many decisions like this we make each day. But it hasn't been clear how a limited number of neurons in this small part of the brain can support an unlimited number of choices. [More]
Moderate drinking not linked to longer life, study shows

Moderate drinking not linked to longer life, study shows

Many people believe a glass of wine with dinner will help them live longer and healthier--but the scientific evidence is shaky at best, according to a new research analysis. [More]
Real maple syrup shows promise in protecting brain health

Real maple syrup shows promise in protecting brain health

As part of a two-day symposium at the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society, a group of international scientists shared promising results of 24 studies exploring the beneficial effects of natural products on the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases, particularly Alzheimer's disease. [More]
Is the global diet getting sweeter? An interview with Professor Barry Popkin

Is the global diet getting sweeter? An interview with Professor Barry Popkin

In the past, caloric sweeteners simply referred to cane sugar or beet sugar. However, over time we've created hundreds of different sugars that are all providing calories of the same amount, about four calories for every gram of the sugar. Some examples include corn syrups and more processed sweeteners like high fructose corn syrup. [More]
Alcohol limits lowered to reflect current knowledge of associated health risks

Alcohol limits lowered to reflect current knowledge of associated health risks

UK guidelines for alcohol consumption have been revised to bring them in line with current research findings. The revised guidelines, published today, state that there is not a safe limit for alcohol intake and that the risks are similar for men and women. [More]
Stony Brook Medicine expert shares tips to minimize heartburn during holiday season

Stony Brook Medicine expert shares tips to minimize heartburn during holiday season

The holiday season is upon us and most days and nights will be filled with delicious festivities! However, with millions of Americans suffering from heartburn, fear may set in when anticipating these celebrations. [More]
Addressing quality of life needs in prostate cancer: an interview with Professor Louis Denis

Addressing quality of life needs in prostate cancer: an interview with Professor Louis Denis

Modern patient-directed management is based on optimal, individual medical treatment and holistic personalised patient-centred care. This is certainly true in prostate cancer where most patients are over 60 years of age. They face a negative physical and functional impact from the diagnosis as well as from the treatment with emotional and social challenges. [More]
Scientists find way to produce industrial quantities of beneficial natural compounds in tomatoes

Scientists find way to produce industrial quantities of beneficial natural compounds in tomatoes

Scientists at the John Innes Centre have found a way to produce industrial quantities of useful natural compounds efficiently, by growing them in tomatoes. [More]
Intake of cocoa flavanols improves cardiovascular function, lowers blood pressure

Intake of cocoa flavanols improves cardiovascular function, lowers blood pressure

Two recently published studies in the journals Age and the British Journal of Nutrition (BJN) demonstrate that consuming cocoa flavanols improves cardiovascular function and lessens the burden on the heart that comes with the ageing and stiffening of arteries. [More]
MU researchers find that resveratrol affects dogs' immune systems in different ways

MU researchers find that resveratrol affects dogs' immune systems in different ways

Resveratrol, a compound found commonly in grape skins and red wine, has been shown to have several potentially beneficial effects on health, including cardiovascular health, stroke prevention and cancer treatments. However, scientists do not yet fully understand how the chemical works and whether or not it can be used for treatment of diseases in humans and animals. [More]
BIDMC scientists discover new vitamin B3 pathway that regulates liver metabolism

BIDMC scientists discover new vitamin B3 pathway that regulates liver metabolism

Researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center have identified a new vitamin B3 pathway that regulates liver metabolism. The discovery provides an opportunity to pursue the development of novel drug therapies to address obesity, type 2 diabetes and related metabolic diseases. [More]
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