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Men lack knowledge about risk factors contributing to male infertility, study finds

Men lack knowledge about risk factors contributing to male infertility, study finds

The first large-scale study of its kind has revealed that Canadian men generally lack knowledge about the risk factors contributing to male infertility. [More]
Diabetes increases risk for all-cause mortality and non-lung cancer deaths among heavy smokers

Diabetes increases risk for all-cause mortality and non-lung cancer deaths among heavy smokers

While it is well known that smoking causes lung cancer, heavy smokers with diabetes are also at increased risk of death from causes other than lung cancer, according to a study being presented next week at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America. [More]
Study offers genetic explanation why cancer occurs commonly in males than females

Study offers genetic explanation why cancer occurs commonly in males than females

In a new study, a group of Boston scientists, including researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, offer a genetic explanation for the age-old conundrum of why cancer is more common in males than females. [More]
Quitting smoking during addiction treatment may improve recovery rates in teens

Quitting smoking during addiction treatment may improve recovery rates in teens

A Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researcher has found that addiction treatment results improved when teens in a residential program stopped smoking. [More]
New public-private partnership launches major health effort to reduce cancer in San Francisco

New public-private partnership launches major health effort to reduce cancer in San Francisco

Cancer is the leading cause of death in San Francisco and costs patients, families and taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars each year. [More]
Brazil makes progress in reducing gap in health status, but inequalities persist

Brazil makes progress in reducing gap in health status, but inequalities persist

Brazil, through a combination of public policies and its Unified Health System, has significantly improved access to medical care for a wide swath of its population, but more can be done to eradicate health inequalities there, according to a special edition of the International Journal for Equity in Health. [More]
Drugs used to treat acid reflux and ulcers may increase risk of developing kidney stones and CKD

Drugs used to treat acid reflux and ulcers may increase risk of developing kidney stones and CKD

Certain medications commonly used to treat heartburn, acid reflux, and ulcers can have damaging effects on the kidneys. [More]
Cigarette smoking may disrupt kidney-protective effects of medications in CKD patients

Cigarette smoking may disrupt kidney-protective effects of medications in CKD patients

To improve care for patients with kidney dysfunction, investigators are striving to identify modifiable risk factors that may slow the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) to kidney failure. [More]
Novel technology could speed up diagnosis and improve monitoring of COPD

Novel technology could speed up diagnosis and improve monitoring of COPD

This technology is now being taken forward commercially through the recently formed spin-out company PulmonIR Ltd. [More]
E-cigarette use linked to risk of respiratory symptoms among adolescents

E-cigarette use linked to risk of respiratory symptoms among adolescents

E-cigarette use among teenagers is growing dramatically, and public health experts are concerned that these devices may be a gateway to smoking. [More]
New study highlights detrimental effects of e-cigarettes on oral health

New study highlights detrimental effects of e-cigarettes on oral health

A University of Rochester Medical Center study suggests that electronic cigarettes are as equally damaging to gums and teeth as conventional cigarettes. [More]
Study compares reach of quitlines to number of tobacco users for different racial/ethnic groups

Study compares reach of quitlines to number of tobacco users for different racial/ethnic groups

Quitlines, hotlines that provide free cessation services for smokers, appear to be reaching minority populations that typically underutilize cessation treatments and have high smoking prevalence, particularly African Americans and American Indians/Alaska Natives. [More]
Stop Smoking Services across England facing ongoing budget cuts

Stop Smoking Services across England facing ongoing budget cuts

Stop Smoking Services across England are facing ongoing budget cuts after six in ten local authorities (59 per cent) were forced to reduce their funding in the last year according to a new joint report by ASH and Cancer Research UK published today (Wednesday). [More]
Smoking, excess weight may influence how rheumatoid arthritis symptoms improve with treatment

Smoking, excess weight may influence how rheumatoid arthritis symptoms improve with treatment

A study finds that smoking or being overweight makes it more difficult for patients with rheumatoid arthritis to achieve optimal control of inflammation and symptoms, despite standard of care treatment. [More]
Gut microbiota may play important role in influencing onset of blinding wet AMD

Gut microbiota may play important role in influencing onset of blinding wet AMD

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the industrialized world, affecting over 10 million individuals in North America. [More]
Preconsumption of red wine can prevent short-term vascular injury caused by smoking

Preconsumption of red wine can prevent short-term vascular injury caused by smoking

Drinking red wine is widely regarded as protective against cardiovascular disease. A new report in The American Journal of Medicine found that a glass or two of red wine before lighting up a cigarette can counteract some of the short-term negative effects of smoking on blood vessels. [More]
Statins can help prevent first time heart attacks, strokes in adults with cardiovascular risk factors

Statins can help prevent first time heart attacks, strokes in adults with cardiovascular risk factors

Cholesterol-lowering drugs help prevent heart attacks and strokes in adults with cardiovascular risk factors such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes and smoking, but have not yet had a heart attack or stroke, according to a large-scale analysis of clinical trial data led by the OHSU Pacific Northwest Evidence-Based Practice Center. [More]
USPSTF recommends use of low- to moderate-dose statins for preventing CVD events in adults

USPSTF recommends use of low- to moderate-dose statins for preventing CVD events in adults

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has issued a recommendation statement regarding the use of statins for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in adults. The report appears in the November 15 issue of JAMA. [More]
Study finds nearly 20% decline in incidence of coronary heart disease in the U.S.

Study finds nearly 20% decline in incidence of coronary heart disease in the U.S.

The incidence of coronary heart disease in the U.S. declined nearly 20 percent from 1983 to 2011, according to a study appearing in the November 15 issue of JAMA. [More]
MGH researchers find following healthy lifestyle can mitigate genetic risk of heart disease

MGH researchers find following healthy lifestyle can mitigate genetic risk of heart disease

It is well known that following a healthy lifestyle -- not smoking, avoiding excess weight and getting regular exercise - can reduce the risk of heart disease. [More]
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