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Stem cells have the remarkable potential to develop into many different cell types in the body during early life and growth. In addition, in many tissues they serve as a sort of internal repair system, dividing essentially without limit to replenish other cells as long as the person or animal is still alive. When a stem cell divides, each new cell has the potential either to remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function, such as a muscle cell, a red blood cell, or a brain cell.

Stem cells are distinguished from other cell types by two important characteristics. First, they are unspecialized cells capable of renewing themselves through cell division, sometimes after long periods of inactivity. Second, under certain physiologic or experimental conditions, they can be induced to become tissue- or organ-specific cells with special functions. In some organs, such as the gut and bone marrow, stem cells regularly divide to repair and replace worn out or damaged tissues. In other organs, however, such as the pancreas and the heart, stem cells only divide under special conditions.
Endothelial cells can function as cardiac stem cells to produce new heart muscle tissue

Endothelial cells can function as cardiac stem cells to produce new heart muscle tissue

Endothelial cells residing in the coronary arteries can function as cardiac stem cells to produce new heart muscle tissue, Vanderbilt University investigators have discovered. [More]
New BioInformant report finds 21-fold increase in companies involved in cord blood banking industry

New BioInformant report finds 21-fold increase in companies involved in cord blood banking industry

As a leading provider of market research, MarketResearch.com is pleased to announce the distribution of a new BioInformant Worldwide, L.L.C. report that found a 21-fold increase (2,100%) in the companies involved in the cord blood banking industry in the past 10 years. [More]
Newborn screening for SCID holds promise that affected children can lead healthy lives

Newborn screening for SCID holds promise that affected children can lead healthy lives

Using population-based screening outcomes of approximately 3 million infants, a team of scientists across 14 states, including four researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, have shown that newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) can be successfully implemented across public health newborn screening programs. [More]
Longitude and NovaQuest acquire California Cryobank

Longitude and NovaQuest acquire California Cryobank

California Cryobank, a global leader in reproductive tissue donor services and storage and stem cell banking, announced today that it has been acquired by equity investors Longitude Venture Partners II, L.P. and NovaQuest Pharma Opportunities Fund III, L.P.. [More]
Study confirms close link between immune system and adult neurogenesis

Study confirms close link between immune system and adult neurogenesis

A new study by Barbara Beltz, the Allene Lummis Russell Professor of Neuroscience at Wellesley College, and Irene Soderhall of Uppsala University, Sweden, published in the August 11 issue of the journal Developmental Cell, demonstrates that the immune system can produce cells with stem cell properties, using crayfish as a model system. These cells can, in turn, create neurons in the adult animal. [More]
Novartis and Gamida Cell sign Option and Investment Agreements

Novartis and Gamida Cell sign Option and Investment Agreements

​Elbit Imaging Ltd. announced today that Elbit Medical Technologies Ltd., a subsidiary of the Company in which it holds approximately 86% of the voting power, announced that on August 18, 2014, Gamida Cell Ltd., in which Elbit Medical holds approximately 30.8% of the voting power and a vast majority of Gamida Cell's shareholders (including Elbit Medical), signed Option and Investment Agreements with Novartis Pharma AG (Novartis). [More]
Researchers use new gene editing method to correct mutation that leads to DMD

Researchers use new gene editing method to correct mutation that leads to DMD

UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers successfully used a new gene editing method to correct the mutation that leads to Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in a mouse model of the condition. [More]
Scientists create computer algorithm for cell and tissue engineering

Scientists create computer algorithm for cell and tissue engineering

In a boon to stem cell research and regenerative medicine, scientists at Boston Children's Hospital, the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and Boston University have created a computer algorithm called CellNet as a "roadmap" for cell and tissue engineering, to ensure that cells engineered in the lab have the same favorable properties as cells in our own bodies. [More]
Illness-linked genetic variation affects connections among neurons in the developing brain

Illness-linked genetic variation affects connections among neurons in the developing brain

A genetic variation linked to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and severe depression wreaks havoc on connections among neurons in the developing brain, a team of researchers reports. [More]
Researchers review potential of adipose-derived stem cells to improve nerve regeneration

Researchers review potential of adipose-derived stem cells to improve nerve regeneration

Stem cell researchers at the Blond McIndoe Laboratory, University of Manchester, UK, led by Dr Adam Reid, present a review of the current literature on the suitability of adipose-derived stem cells in peripheral nerve repair. [More]
Researchers find crucial signaling pathway that helps HSCs to generate

Researchers find crucial signaling pathway that helps HSCs to generate

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) give rise to all other blood cell types, but their development and how their fate is determined has long remained a mystery. [More]
Combination of NASBA and real-time qPCR detects aspergillosis with 100% accuracy

Combination of NASBA and real-time qPCR detects aspergillosis with 100% accuracy

The fungal infection invasive aspergillosis (IA) can be life threatening, especially in patients whose immune systems are weakened by chemotherapy or immunosuppressive drugs. Despite the critical need for early detection, IA remains difficult to diagnose. [More]
Novogen declares shareholder meeting results

Novogen declares shareholder meeting results

Australia-US biotechnology company, Novogen Ltd., an oncology and degenerative diseases drug development company, today announced the results of its General Meeting of Shareholders, which was held on August 12 in Sydney, Australia. [More]
Experts open new clinic to evaluate heart disease patients for participation in stem cell studies

Experts open new clinic to evaluate heart disease patients for participation in stem cell studies

Regenerative medicine experts at the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute have opened a new clinic to evaluate heart and vascular disease patients for participation in stem cell medical studies. [More]
Experts to debate healthy labor and delivery practices at Cedars-Sinai Birth Community Day

Experts to debate healthy labor and delivery practices at Cedars-Sinai Birth Community Day

Doctors, nurses, midwives and doulas will debate healthy labor and delivery practices - including the use of the synthetic hormone Pitocin to hasten childbirth and vitamin K to speed blood clotting in newborns -- at the third annual Cedars-Sinai Birth Community Day, Aug. 14. [More]
Researchers gain rare insight into pregnancy-associated breast cancer

Researchers gain rare insight into pregnancy-associated breast cancer

During pregnancy, certain hormones trigger specialized mammary stem cells to create milk-producing cells essential to lactation. [More]
Cardium announces review in Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology finds gene therapy for subset of heart disease patients ‘highly warranted’

Cardium announces review in Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology finds gene therapy for subset of heart disease patients ‘highly warranted’

Cardium Therapeutics, an operating unit of Taxus Cardium Pharmaceuticals Group Inc. (Trading Symbol: CRXM) has announced the publication of a review article in the Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology that concludes a gene therapy product promoting the growth of blood vessels is “highly warranted” to treat about 1 million U.S. heart-disease patients and 6 million more worldwide who are either ineligible or poor candidates for traditional angioplasty, stent placement or bypass surgery. [More]
Epigenetics has a large say in blood formation

Epigenetics has a large say in blood formation

Blood stem cells have the potential to turn into any type of blood cell, whether it be the oxygen-carrying red blood cells, or the many types of white blood cells of the immune system that help fight infection. [More]
Clinical trial to investigate safety of neural stem cell transplantation in patients with spinal cord injuries

Clinical trial to investigate safety of neural stem cell transplantation in patients with spinal cord injuries

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have launched a clinical trial to investigate the safety of neural stem cell transplantation in patients with chronic spinal cord injuries. [More]
New market research report provides data on Spinal Cord Injury clinical trial scenario

New market research report provides data on Spinal Cord Injury clinical trial scenario

Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue: Spinal Cord Injury Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2014. [More]