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NASA study reveals how spaceflight affects immune system of crew members

NASA study reveals how spaceflight affects immune system of crew members

There is nothing like a head cold to make us feel a little dazed. We get things like colds and the flu because of changes in our immune system. Researchers have a good idea what causes immune system changes on Earth-think stress, inadequate sleep and improper nutrition. [More]
New research finds that early use of antibiotics can alter immunity later on

New research finds that early use of antibiotics can alter immunity later on

New University of British Columbia research found that receiving antibiotic treatments early in life can increase susceptibility to specific diseases later on. [More]
Physical activity fails to show link with chronic musculoskeletal pain

Physical activity fails to show link with chronic musculoskeletal pain

Neither little nor excessive physical activity contributes to chronic musculoskeletal pain in people who are middle-aged or older, Japanese study findings suggest. [More]
Over 40% of older adults experienced less financial strain during the recession period

Over 40% of older adults experienced less financial strain during the recession period

The "Great Recession" may have put a dent in many older adults' pocketbooks, but a new study, which will be presented at the 109th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, finds that more than 40 percent reported a decrease in "financial strain" between 2006 and 2010. [More]
Researchers examine mental health conditions of "super mom" and "super dad“

Researchers examine mental health conditions of "super mom" and "super dad“

Mental health experts in the past three decades have emphasized the dangers of post-partum depression for mothers, but a University of Kansas researcher says expanding awareness of several other perinatal mental health conditions is important for all new parents, including fathers. [More]
Individual’s genetic make-up determines effect of stress on emotional centres

Individual’s genetic make-up determines effect of stress on emotional centres

Our individual genetic make-up determines the effect that stress has on our emotional centres. These are the findings of a group of researchers from the MedUni Vienna. Not every individual reacts in the same way to life events that produce the same degree of stress. [More]
FDA-approved drug eliminates immune cells that destroys hair follicles in people with alopecia areata

FDA-approved drug eliminates immune cells that destroys hair follicles in people with alopecia areata

Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) have identified the immune cells responsible for destroying hair follicles in people with alopecia areata, a common autoimmune disease that causes hair loss, and have tested an FDA-approved drug that eliminated these immune cells and restored hair growth in a small number of patients. [More]
Parental incarceration can be more detrimental to child's well-being than divorce or death of a parent

Parental incarceration can be more detrimental to child's well-being than divorce or death of a parent

With more than 2 million people behind bars, the U.S. has the highest incarceration rate in the world. This mass incarceration has serious implications for not only the inmates, but their children, finds a new University of California-Irvine study. [More]
Some working parents experience more psychological strain than others

Some working parents experience more psychological strain than others

Some working parents are carrying more psychological baggage than others - and the reason has nothing to do with demands on their time and energy. [More]
New articles shed light on PTSD, other mental health problems

New articles shed light on PTSD, other mental health problems

Published today in the open access European Journal of Psychotraumatology is a collection of articles that offer rare and unique insight into the often fiercely debated topic of deployment related PTSD and associated mental health problems. [More]
Study shows that 8.3% of Norwegians are addicted to work

Study shows that 8.3% of Norwegians are addicted to work

In spite of the many positive aspects of work, some people are unable to detach from it - working excessively and compulsively. These are called workaholics. [More]
Research roundup: Benefits of smaller practices; Rx price growth; fixing Medicare claims reviews

Research roundup: Benefits of smaller practices; Rx price growth; fixing Medicare claims reviews

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services within the Department of Health and Human Services has taken steps to prevent its contractors from conducting certain duplicative postpayment claims reviews-;reviews of the same claims that are not permitted by the agency-;but CMS neither has reliable data nor provides sufficient oversight and guidance to measure and fully prevent duplication. [More]

Small nonprofit hospitals at tipping point, says rating service

Small and stand-alone nonprofit hospitals are facing mounting pressure from weak operating margins and lower patient volumes, according to a report from Standard & Poor's Rating Services. Meanwhile, hospitals cope with the changing health care landscape by exploring ways to help low-income consumers pay their Obamacare premiums and offering no-interest payment plans for those with high-deductible insurance policies. [More]
Elsevier launches new open access journal, Neurobiology of Stress

Elsevier launches new open access journal, Neurobiology of Stress

Elsevier, world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce the launch of a new open access journal: Neurobiology of Stress. [More]
Yizhijiannao granule may exert therapeutic effect by inhibiting neural cell apoptosis

Yizhijiannao granule may exert therapeutic effect by inhibiting neural cell apoptosis

Previous studies have shown that Yizhijiannao granule can enhance cognitive performance in Alzheimer's disease patients and Alzheimer's disease-model mice. [More]
Even with no explicit memory of childhood trauma, PTSD can develop in adulthood

Even with no explicit memory of childhood trauma, PTSD can develop in adulthood

There are many forms of memory and only some of these may be critical for the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reports a new study by researchers at the University at Albany and the University of California Los Angeles. [More]
More than ½ of emergency department patients age 65 and older are malnourished

More than ½ of emergency department patients age 65 and older are malnourished

More than half of emergency department patients age 65 and older who were seen at UNC Hospitals during an 8-week period were either malnourished or at risk for malnutrition. [More]
Heart failure is major public health burden in many LMICs

Heart failure is major public health burden in many LMICs

Heart failure is a major public health burden in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), with substantial variation in the presentation, causes, management, and outcomes of heart failure across different LMICs, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine. [More]
Vajrayana meditation linked with Tibetan Buddhism can enhance cognitive performance

Vajrayana meditation linked with Tibetan Buddhism can enhance cognitive performance

Contrary to popular belief, not all meditation techniques produce similar effects of body and mind. Indeed, a recent study by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has demonstrated for the first time that different types of Buddhist meditation - namely the Vajrayana and Theravada styles of meditation - elicit qualitatively different influences on human physiology and behaviour, producing arousal and relaxation responses respectively. [More]
Prayer to ease symptoms of anxiety-related disorders does not have same effect for everybody

Prayer to ease symptoms of anxiety-related disorders does not have same effect for everybody

Whether the problem is health, enemies, poverty or difficulty with aging, "Take your burden to the Lord and leave it there," suggested the late gospel musician Charles A. Tindley. But when it comes to easing symptoms of anxiety-related disorders, prayer doesn't have the same effect for everybody, according to a Baylor University researcher. [More]