Type 2 Diabetes News and Research RSS Feed - Type 2 Diabetes News and Research

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset or noninsulindependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes taking diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some.
Researchers investigate link between diet, obesity-linked Type 2 diabetes, and spinal disc degeneration

Researchers investigate link between diet, obesity-linked Type 2 diabetes, and spinal disc degeneration

Can a diet high in processed fat and sugar and Type 2 diabetes cause degeneration of intervertebral discs in the spine? If so, what is happening, and can it be prevented? As part of an ongoing collaboration between Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai - a partnership that draws upon the expertise of both schools to address significant health problems - researchers hope to answer those questions by investigating the link between diet, obesity-linked Type 2 diabetes, and intervertebral disc degeneration. [More]
Revised blood pressure targets for diabetes patients may increase number of stroke patients

Revised blood pressure targets for diabetes patients may increase number of stroke patients

The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare recently raised the recommended target blood pressure for patients with diabetes. [More]
Umbilical cells from babies of obese mothers show impaired expression of vital genes regulating metabolism

Umbilical cells from babies of obese mothers show impaired expression of vital genes regulating metabolism

Scientists have long known that infants born to women who are obese show higher risks of obesity, but they don't fully understand what boosts those risks. [More]
Low selenium levels linked to liver cancer risk? An interview with Dr David Hughes

Low selenium levels linked to liver cancer risk? An interview with Dr David Hughes

Food provides us with a variety of substances we need to maintain life. These substances are essential nutrients and are classified as macronutrients (water, protein, fats, and carbohydrates) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). [More]
Diabetes medication offers protection against arterial stiffness in overweight female mice

Diabetes medication offers protection against arterial stiffness in overweight female mice

Obesity and Type 2 diabetes are associated with vascular stiffening and the development of cardiovascular disease. [More]
Study uses mathematical models to examine link between water fluoridation and diabetes

Study uses mathematical models to examine link between water fluoridation and diabetes

Water fluoridation prevents dental cavities, which are a costly public health concern. But despite the benefits supplemental water fluoridation remains a controversial subject. [More]
Hydrothermal DMR results show promise in treatment of type 2 diabetes

Hydrothermal DMR results show promise in treatment of type 2 diabetes

Fractyl Laboratories Inc. (Fractyl) announced today publication of data in the current issue of Diabetes Care from the Company’s first-in-human study of RevitaTM duodenal mucosal resurfacing (Revita DMR). [More]
BUSM researchers reveal why obese people develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

BUSM researchers reveal why obese people develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

Findings from Boston University School of Medicine, which appear in eLife, provide a possible explanation as to why most people who are obese develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. [More]
Replacing one sugar-sweetened beverage with water may help reduce body weight

Replacing one sugar-sweetened beverage with water may help reduce body weight

Think one little sugary soda won't make a difference on your waistline? Think again. If people replace just one calorie-laden drink with water, they can reduce body weight and improve overall health, according to a Virginia Tech researcher. [More]
Glia cells may play role in regulating sugar intake into the brain, experts report

Glia cells may play role in regulating sugar intake into the brain, experts report

Researchers at Technical University of Munich discovered that our brain actively takes sugar from the blood. Prior to this, researchers around the world had assumed that this was a purely passive process. [More]
Study provides detailed picture of genetics underlying type 2 diabetes

Study provides detailed picture of genetics underlying type 2 diabetes

The largest study of its kind into type 2 diabetes has produced the most detailed picture to date of the genetics underlying the condition. [More]
Study reveals people who fit better with culture have healthier eating habits

Study reveals people who fit better with culture have healthier eating habits

How to be a healthy eater depends on culture. A recent study shows that in the U.S. and Japan, people who fit better with their culture have healthier eating habits. The results appear in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. [More]
Gene mutation linked to impulsive drunken behaviour shields bearers from obesity, insulin resistance

Gene mutation linked to impulsive drunken behaviour shields bearers from obesity, insulin resistance

University of Helsinki researchers have previously demonstrated that a point mutation in a gene of serotonin 2B receptor can render the carrier prone to impulsive behaviour, particularly when drunk. [More]
SBP researchers discover potential drug target for treatment of type 2 diabetes

SBP researchers discover potential drug target for treatment of type 2 diabetes

Researchers at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a new potential target for drugs to prevent type 2 diabetes. A paper published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation shows that blocking a cellular glucose sensor in muscle improves insulin responsiveness. [More]
Text message program improves diabetes risk behaviors among people in India

Text message program improves diabetes risk behaviors among people in India

A study that sent twice-weekly text messages to a million people in India advising them to exercise, eat less fat, and eat more fruits and vegetables increased these health behaviors known to prevent diabetes, reports new research from Northwestern Medicine and Arogya World, a global health non-profit organization. [More]
Sleep-disordered breathing promotes progression of pediatric NAFLD to NASH

Sleep-disordered breathing promotes progression of pediatric NAFLD to NASH

Studies have shown that obstructive sleep apnea and low nighttime oxygen, which result in oxidative stress, are associated with the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adults. [More]
Soy isoflavones may help improve metabolic and cardiovascular health in women with PCOS

Soy isoflavones may help improve metabolic and cardiovascular health in women with PCOS

Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)—a common cause of female infertility—may be able to improve their metabolic and cardiovascular health by consuming soy isoflavones, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. [More]
Review provides new insights into diagnosis, treatment for PCOS

Review provides new insights into diagnosis, treatment for PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) afflicts over 14 million women in the United States. The disorder increases the risk of endometrial cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, asthma, obesity, depression and anxiety, as well as infertility and a variety of reproductive disorders. [More]
Research finding opens door to potential clinical approaches that may boost body's ability to battle cancer

Research finding opens door to potential clinical approaches that may boost body's ability to battle cancer

The microenvironment that supports a cancerous tumor also starves the immune cells that the body sends in to destroy the cancer, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute scientists revealed in a discovery that holds the potential to significantly boost the performance of breakthrough immunotherapy drugs. [More]
Hidden dental root tip infections may increase risk of coronary artery disease

Hidden dental root tip infections may increase risk of coronary artery disease

According to a study carried out at the University of Helsinki, an infection of the root tip of a tooth increases the risk of coronary artery disease, even if the infection is symptomless. [More]
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