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Single biopsy site may reveal all lung adenocarcinoma genetic mutations

Single biopsy site may reveal all lung adenocarcinoma genetic mutations

Genetic sequencing of a single tumour site sample may be adequate for identifying cancer gene mutations in patients with lung andenocarcinoma, research published in Science suggests. [More]
Postop chemotherapy supported for stage III NSCLC

Postop chemotherapy supported for stage III NSCLC

Study findings challenge the belief that preoperative chemotherapy is superior to postoperative chemotherapy for patients with clinical stage III non-small-cell lung cancer. [More]
Postoperative recurrent disease affects NSCLC survival after gefitinib

Postoperative recurrent disease affects NSCLC survival after gefitinib

Patients with postoperative recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer harbouring epidermal growth factor receptor mutations have longer progression-free and overall survival with gefitinib treatment, than those with stage IV disease, Japanese researchers report. [More]
Figitumumab development discontinued for non-adenocarcinoma NSCLC

Figitumumab development discontinued for non-adenocarcinoma NSCLC

Adding the novel insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor inhibitor figitumumab to the epidermal growth factor receptor–tyrosine kinase inhibitor erlotinib does not improve survival in patients with non-adenocarcinoma non-small-cell lung carcinoma, research shows. [More]
Postoperative recurrent disease affects NSCLC survival after gefitinib

Postoperative recurrent disease affects NSCLC survival after gefitinib

Patients with postoperative recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer harbouring epidermal growth factor receptor mutations have longer progression-free and overall survival with gefitinib treatment, than those with stage IV disease, Japanese researchers report. [More]
Metastatic lung cancer outcomes independent of KRAS mutation subtypes

Metastatic lung cancer outcomes independent of KRAS mutation subtypes

Overall survival in patients with metastatic lung cancer does not correlate with Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homologue mutation subtypes, US researchers report. [More]
Addition of S-1 to cisplatin plus radiotherapy ‘favourable’ in NSCLC

Addition of S-1 to cisplatin plus radiotherapy ‘favourable’ in NSCLC

Research suggests that treatment with cisplatin plus S-1 together with thoracic radiotherapy is relatively efficacious and tolerable in patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. [More]
First-line dacomitinib may improve advanced NSCLC survival

First-line dacomitinib may improve advanced NSCLC survival

Preliminary research suggests that the second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor dacomitinib may improve progression-free survival in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer with epidermal growth factor receptor mutations. [More]
Carboplatin and paclitaxel show promise for advanced thymic carcinoma

Carboplatin and paclitaxel show promise for advanced thymic carcinoma

A multicentre, phase II study of carboplatin and paclitaxel in chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced thymic carcinoma has shown that the treatment has promising efficacy compared with standard anthracycline-based chemotherapy. [More]
PD-L1 expression tied to favourable prognosis in SCLC

PD-L1 expression tied to favourable prognosis in SCLC

Programmed death-ligand 1 is expressed by around 70% of small-cell lung cancers and is associated with favourable patient outcomes, Japanese researchers report. [More]
PD-1, PD-L1 differentially expressed in NSCLC

PD-1, PD-L1 differentially expressed in NSCLC

The expression of the immune checkpoint protein programmed death-1 receptor and its ligand varies according to tumour and patient characteristics in oncogene-addicted non-small-cell lung cancer, research indicates. [More]
Nodule volume, doubling time stratifies lung cancer risk

Nodule volume, doubling time stratifies lung cancer risk

An interim analysis of the NELSON study reveals the significance of nodule size and volume doubling time for the risk of cancer in patients who have undergone low-dose computed tomography lung cancer screening. [More]

Dacomitinib ‘not superior’ to erlotinib in advanced NSCLC

Dacomitinib, an irreversible, pan-epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, does not improve outcomes compared with the first-generation EGFR–TKI erlotinib in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, irrespective of their KRAS mutation status, finds the ARCHER 1009 study. [More]
Accelerated treatment regimen feasible for advanced NSCLC

Accelerated treatment regimen feasible for advanced NSCLC

A treatment strategy designed to minimise the effects of accelerated repopulation using hypofractionated radiotherapy with chemotherapy is feasible for patients with stage III non-small-cell lung cancer, according to UK researchers. [More]
Biomarker-directed chemotherapy detrimental in NSCLC

Biomarker-directed chemotherapy detrimental in NSCLC

Treating non-small-cell lung cancer patients with chemotherapy customised according to expression of BRCA1 and receptor-associated protein 80 does not improve progression-free survival compared with nonselected, cisplatin-based chemotherapy, show study findings. [More]

CT screening highly sensitive, specific for lung cancer detection

Low-dose computed tomography screening for lung cancer has high specificity and high sensitivity, with just a small number of interval cancers, finds an interim analysis of the NELSON trial. [More]

Prolonged passive smoking may increase lung cancer risk in women

Women who have never smoked but are exposed to smoking in the home for more than 30 years are at an increased risk of developing lung cancer compared with women without this passive smoking exposure, suggest researchers. [More]
Sarcomatoid differentiation levels predict poor RCC survival

Sarcomatoid differentiation levels predict poor RCC survival

Research shows that the degree of sarcomatoid differentiation in patients with grade 4 renal cell carcinoma is not only associated with poor survival, but can also serve as an independent prognostic factor in these patients. [More]

Lobectomy outweighs sublobar resection for elderly early-stage NSCLC patients

Lobectomy may the best option for elderly patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer who are able to undergo surgery, say researchers from the US. [More]

No survival benefit with dacomitinib in pretreated patients with advanced NSCLC

The irreversible, pan-epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor dacomitinib does not offer a survival benefit in pretreated patients with advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer, phase III trial results show. [More]