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Nodule volume, doubling time stratifies lung cancer risk

Nodule volume, doubling time stratifies lung cancer risk

An interim analysis of the NELSON study reveals the significance of nodule size and volume doubling time for the risk of cancer in patients who have undergone low-dose computed tomography lung cancer screening. [More]
Dacomitinib ‘not superior’ to erlotinib in advanced NSCLC

Dacomitinib ‘not superior’ to erlotinib in advanced NSCLC

Dacomitinib, an irreversible, pan-epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, does not improve outcomes compared with the first-generation EGFR–TKI erlotinib in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, irrespective of their KRAS mutation status, finds the ARCHER 1009 study. [More]
Accelerated treatment regimen feasible for advanced NSCLC

Accelerated treatment regimen feasible for advanced NSCLC

A treatment strategy designed to minimise the effects of accelerated repopulation using hypofractionated radiotherapy with chemotherapy is feasible for patients with stage III non-small-cell lung cancer, according to UK researchers. [More]
Biomarker-directed chemotherapy detrimental in NSCLC

Biomarker-directed chemotherapy detrimental in NSCLC

Treating non-small-cell lung cancer patients with chemotherapy customised according to expression of BRCA1 and receptor-associated protein 80 does not improve progression-free survival compared with nonselected, cisplatin-based chemotherapy, show study findings. [More]
CT screening highly sensitive, specific for lung cancer detection

CT screening highly sensitive, specific for lung cancer detection

Low-dose computed tomography screening for lung cancer has high specificity and high sensitivity, with just a small number of interval cancers, finds an interim analysis of the NELSON trial. [More]
Prolonged passive smoking may increase lung cancer risk in women

Prolonged passive smoking may increase lung cancer risk in women

Women who have never smoked but are exposed to smoking in the home for more than 30 years are at an increased risk of developing lung cancer compared with women without this passive smoking exposure, suggest researchers. [More]
Sarcomatoid differentiation levels predict poor RCC survival

Sarcomatoid differentiation levels predict poor RCC survival

Research shows that the degree of sarcomatoid differentiation in patients with grade 4 renal cell carcinoma is not only associated with poor survival, but can also serve as an independent prognostic factor in these patients. [More]
Lobectomy outweighs sublobar resection for elderly early-stage NSCLC patients

Lobectomy outweighs sublobar resection for elderly early-stage NSCLC patients

Lobectomy may the best option for elderly patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer who are able to undergo surgery, say researchers from the US. [More]
No survival benefit with dacomitinib in pretreated patients with advanced NSCLC

No survival benefit with dacomitinib in pretreated patients with advanced NSCLC

The irreversible, pan-epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor dacomitinib does not offer a survival benefit in pretreated patients with advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer, phase III trial results show. [More]

Postoperative radiation benefits N2 resected NSCLC patients

Patients with resected, margin-negative non-small-cell lung cancer with mediastinal node metastases derive significant benefit from postoperative radiotherapy, US researchers report. [More]
Bevacizumab–erlotinib combined efficacy may depend on VEGF level

Bevacizumab–erlotinib combined efficacy may depend on VEGF level

Bevacizumab may enhance the antitumour activity of erlotinib by increasing the intratumoural concentration of erlotinib in some non-small-cell lung cancers expressing high levels of vascular endothelial growth factor, Japanese researchers report. [More]
EGFR–TKIs linked to reduced chemotherapy sensitivity in NSCLC

EGFR–TKIs linked to reduced chemotherapy sensitivity in NSCLC

Epidermal growth factor receptor–tyrosine kinase inhibitors appear to significantly reduce the efficacy of subsequent chemotherapy in patients with EGFR-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer, Chinese researchers report. [More]
Inappropriate lung cancer imaging widespread in USA

Inappropriate lung cancer imaging widespread in USA

A large proportion of patients with lung cancer do not receive guideline-recommended imaging, US study data show. [More]
Endemic lung infection compromises lung cancer diagnosis

Endemic lung infection compromises lung cancer diagnosis

The accuracy of lung cancer diagnosis using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose–positron emission tomography may be compromised in areas with endemic infectious lung diseases, research suggests. [More]
Adjuvant cisplatin for NSCLC raises non-cancer mortality risk

Adjuvant cisplatin for NSCLC raises non-cancer mortality risk

Re-analysis of data from the International Adjuvant Lung Cancer Trial indicates that cisplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy increases the long-term risk of non-cancer mortality in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. [More]

Intrathoracic radiotherapy shows potential in extensive-stage SCLC

A phase III randomised controlled trial shows that intrathoracic radiotherapy after chemotherapy significantly reduces the chances of disease progression in patients with extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer. [More]
Afatinib active against NSCLC nervous system metastases

Afatinib active against NSCLC nervous system metastases

Heavily pretreated patients with epidermal growth factor receptor-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer and central nervous system metastases may benefit from treatment with afatinib, say German researchers. [More]
Six platinum cycles no better than four for advanced NSCLC

Six platinum cycles no better than four for advanced NSCLC

Six cycles of adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy is no better than three or four cycles for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, meta-analysis results suggests. [More]

Chemotherapy may benefit advanced pulmonary carcinoid tumour patients

A review of patients with advanced pulmonary carcinoid tumours shows that they can be responsive to chemotherapy. [More]

Antacids linked to reduced erlotinib efficacy

Acid suppression therapy may negatively impact outcome among patients receiving erlotinib for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, Canadian study findings show. [More]