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Scientists discover new mechanism responsible for regulation of glucose metabolism

Scientists discover new mechanism responsible for regulation of glucose metabolism

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that has become increasingly prevalent in the population: More than six million people are affected by the disease alone in Germany. [More]
Weight loss condition provides clues to why cancer immunotherapy may fail in many patients

Weight loss condition provides clues to why cancer immunotherapy may fail in many patients

A weight loss condition that affects patients with cancer has provided clues as to why cancer immunotherapy - a new approach to treating cancer by boosting a patient's immune system -- may fail in a substantial number of patients. [More]
New research explains how tumors may impair ability of the liver to respond to caloric deprivation

New research explains how tumors may impair ability of the liver to respond to caloric deprivation

One of the worst cruelties of lethal cancer is the phenomenon called wasting, or in medical terms, cachexia (pronounced ka-CHEX-ia), in which a patient seems literally to diminish in bodily terms as the cancer ravages one or more internal organs. [More]
Researchers develop new strategy to immunize against microbes that cause foodborne illness

Researchers develop new strategy to immunize against microbes that cause foodborne illness

University of California, Irvine and MIT researchers have developed a new strategy to immunize against microbes that invade the gastrointestinal tract, including Salmonella, which causes more foodborne illness in the United States than any other bacteria. [More]
Gas-filled balloon capsules provide new low risk treatment option for patients with obesity

Gas-filled balloon capsules provide new low risk treatment option for patients with obesity

Patients with obesity who swallowed gas-filled balloon capsules designed to help them eat less, lost 1.9 times more weight than patients who relied on diet, exercise and lifestyle therapy alone, according to new research presented today at ObesityWeek 2016, the largest international event focused on the basic science, clinical application and prevention and treatment of obesity. [More]
New, practical tool may help doctors to easily diagnose cachexia in cancer patients

New, practical tool may help doctors to easily diagnose cachexia in cancer patients

About one third of cancer patients die because of cachexia - an involuntary weight loss, characterized primarily by muscle wasting and metabolic changes, which cannot be addressed or treated solely with increased food intake. [More]
Women have lower risk of developing heart disease after bariatric surgery than men, research shows

Women have lower risk of developing heart disease after bariatric surgery than men, research shows

Women have about a 20 percent less chance of developing heart disease after weight-loss surgery than men, according to new research presented today at ObesityWeek 2016, the largest international event focused on the basic science, clinical application and prevention and treatment of obesity. [More]
Vigorous, regular aerobic exercise boosts testosterone levels in overweight and obese men

Vigorous, regular aerobic exercise boosts testosterone levels in overweight and obese men

Twelve weeks of aerobic exercise significantly boosted testosterone levels in overweight and obese men, with the greatest increases seen among vigorous exercisers, according to research presented today at the Integrative Biology of Exercise 7 meeting in Phoenix. [More]
Eating a very early dinner, or skipping it, may have some benefits for losing weight

Eating a very early dinner, or skipping it, may have some benefits for losing weight

The first human test of early time-restricted feeding found that this meal-timing strategy reduced swings in hunger and altered fat and carbohydrate burning patterns, which may help with losing weight. In early time-restricted feeding (eTRF), people eat their last meal by the mid-afternoon and don't eat again until breakfast the next morning. [More]
Study reveals long-term survival benefits of gastric bypass surgery in patients with severe obesity

Study reveals long-term survival benefits of gastric bypass surgery in patients with severe obesity

Patients with severe obesity who have gastric bypass surgery reduce their risk of dying from obesity and other diseases by 48 percent up to 10 years after surgery, compared to similar patients who do not undergo the procedure, according to new research presented today at ObesityWeek 2016, the largest international event focused on the basic science, clinical application and prevention and treatment of obesity. [More]
High-protein diets may help prevent chronic diseases by reducing liver fat

High-protein diets may help prevent chronic diseases by reducing liver fat

According to a new nutritional study conducted by the German Institute of Human Nutrition on individuals with type 2 diabetes, high-protein diets reduced liver fat by up to 48 percent within six weeks. It did not matter whether the diet was mainly based on plant or animal protein. [More]
Scientists find way to predict weight loss success based on the brain volume

Scientists find way to predict weight loss success based on the brain volume

If you're trying to lose weight, what are your chances of success? Your brain may hold the key. [More]
New quality improvement program reduces hospital readmission rates for weight-loss surgery patients

New quality improvement program reduces hospital readmission rates for weight-loss surgery patients

While the average hospital saw 30-day readmission rates for weight-loss surgery patients drop by about 14 percent, some hospitals had reductions as much as 32 percent after implementing a new quality improvement program, according to new research presented today at ObesityWeek 2016, the largest international event focused on the basic science, clinical application and prevention and treatment of obesity. [More]
Disrupted circadian rhythm may not help achieve maximum weight loss after bariatric surgery

Disrupted circadian rhythm may not help achieve maximum weight loss after bariatric surgery

A newly released basic science study of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) suggests that a functioning circadian clock, or sleeping at night and being awake during the day, can help patients achieve a higher amount of weight loss following the surgery. [More]
Low fat and low carbohydrate diets may prevent migraines

Low fat and low carbohydrate diets may prevent migraines

Eliminating that morning 'Cup of Joe,' consuming processed foods high in nitrites or monosodium glutamate (MSG) and enjoying too much alcohol are potential headache triggers for individuals battling migraines, says Vincent Martin, MD, professor in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. [More]
Americans take obesity as seriously as cancer, new survey finds

Americans take obesity as seriously as cancer, new survey finds

Americans take obesity as seriously as cancer, and say it's an even bigger health threat than heart disease, the nation's leading killer, yet most do not go beyond traditional diets or involve doctors in their largely unsuccessful personal struggles against the disease, according to a new survey by the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery and the independent research organization, NORC at the University of Chicago. [More]
NYIT clinician shares own story and tips for successful weight loss

NYIT clinician shares own story and tips for successful weight loss

Dr. Patricia Happel grew up in a family where obesity and unhealthy habits were common. [More]
GP referral to weight loss programmes effective in tackling obesity

GP referral to weight loss programmes effective in tackling obesity

Tackling obesity by offering the opportunity to attend a weight loss programme during a routine consultation is effective, welcomed by patients and takes 30 seconds of physicians’ time, according to a new randomised trial of over 1800 people published in The Lancet. [More]
Research highlights need to improve post mortem techniques to better detect cause of stillbirth

Research highlights need to improve post mortem techniques to better detect cause of stillbirth

Analysis by a Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) led team looking at the effectiveness of different elements of the post mortem process shows that, despite full standard investigation, in the majority of cases of stillbirth the cause remains unknown. The papers highlight the need for further research to improve post mortem techniques to better detect a cause of death. [More]
Research findings underscore striking heterogeneity of depression

Research findings underscore striking heterogeneity of depression

Depression is generally considered to be a specific and consistent disorder characterised by a fixed set of symptoms and often treated with a combination of psychotherapy and medication. [More]
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