Contains the active ingredient bivalirudin (as trifluoroacetate)
Consumer Medicine Information
NOTICE: This Consumer Medicine Information (CMI) is intended for persons
living in Australia. This page contains answers to some common
. It does
not contain all the information that is known about
. It does not take the
place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist. All medicines have risks
and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risk of you using this medicine
against the benefits he/she expects it will have for you. If you have
any concerns about using this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
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What this medicine is used for
The name of your medicine is Bivalirudin APOTEX Powder for Injection. It contains the active ingredient bivalirudin.
Bivalirudin is a medicine that stops blood clotting (an anticoagulant). It helps prevent unwanted blood clotting during an
"Angioplasty" is the name of the medical procedure in which blocked blood vessels in the heart are unblocked. Angioplasty
is also called "percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)". Angioplasty improves blood flow in the heart. Angioplasty helps
heart problems such as angina. Your doctor unblocks the blood vessels in the heart using a fine tube inserted through a blood
vessel in the skin.
You need an anticoagulant during an angioplasty/PCI, to stop unwanted blood clotting.
Bivalirudin may also be given to you in hospital before angioplasty/PCI.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed
this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
How it works
A protein called "thrombin", starts blood clotting.
Bivalirudin is an anticoagulant. It prevents blood clotting by stopping thrombin from working.
Use in children
The safety and effectiveness of this medicine has not been studied in children.
Before you are given this medicine
When you must not be given it
You must not be given this medicine if:
You have or have had any of the following:
Active bleeding or increased risk of bleeding because of haemostasis disorders and/or irreversible coagulation disorders
Severe uncontrolled hypertension
Subacute bacterial endocarditis.
You are hypersensitive to, or have had an allergic reaction to, bivalirudin or any of the ingredients listed at the end of
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include: cough, shortness of breath, tightness of the chest, wheezing or difficulty breathing;
swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat or other parts of the body; rash, itching or hives on the skin; fainting; or hay
If you think you are having an allergic reaction, contact your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department
at the hospital.
The expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack has passed.
The packaging is torn, shows signs of tampering or it does not look quite right.
Before you are given it
Before you are given this medicine, tell your doctor if:
any other medicines
any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes.
2.You have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
tend to bleed or bruise easily
have kidney or liver disease
have uncontrolled high blood pressure
have any other heart condition.
3.You are currently pregnant or you plan to become pregnant. Your doctor should have discussed the risks and benefits involved.
4.You are currently breastfeeding or you plan to breast-feed. It is not known whether this medicine passes into human breast
Your risk of bleeding may increase:
if you have recently given birth or if you are pregnant
if you are already taking medicines, especially blood-thinners/anticoagulants.
Some medicines may interact with bivalirudin. These include:
other medicines use to stop blood clotting (anticoagulants), such as warfarin, or heparin
medicines which affect platelets, (platelets are blood particles involved in clotting). Examples are aspirin, ticlopidine
self-administered non-prescription medicines, such as St John's Wort, ginseng and ginkgo biloba.
If you are taking any of these you may need a different dose or you may need to take different medicines.
Other medicines not listed above may also interact with bivalirudin.
How this medicine is given
Your doctor will give you bivalirudin into a vein as an injection and/or as a continuous infusion.
During percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI, angioplasty), bivalirudin should be given with aspirin.
How much is given
Your doctor will decide how much of this medicine you will receive.
If you have kidney disease your doctor may change the usual dose.
If you receive too much (overdose)
As bivalirudin is given to you in a hospital under the supervision of your doctor or medical staff, it is very unlikely that
you will receive an overdose. You will be closely monitored while in the hospital so that any unwanted side effects can be
treated. However if you experience severe side effects tell your doctor immediately.
Possible side effects
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you do not feel well after you have been given bivalirudin or if you have any questions
Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them. All medicines can have side
effects. Sometimes they are serious but most of the time they are not.
If you think you are having an allergic reaction to bivalirudin, contact your medical or nursing staff immediately or go to
the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include some or all of the following:
cough, shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing
swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat or other parts of the body
tightness of the chest
rash, itching or hives on the skin
hay fever-like symptoms.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following:
bleeding from other parts of the body
trouble falling asleep
low blood pressure
high blood pressure
pain, at injection site, chest or back
heart beat too slow, or too fast
anaemia, decreased platelets, blood vessel disorders.
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following.
These may be serious side effects and you may need medical attention:
bleeding for example at needle puncture wounds, into the urine, or bruising where the intravenous catheter was inserted.
Other side effects not listed above may occur in some patients.
Storage and disposal
This medicine will be stored in the pharmacy or on the ward. It is kept in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below
After bivalirudin powder has been dissolved, use the solution as soon as possible.
NOTE: the dissolved bivalirudin solution can be stored for up to 24 hours between 2°C and 8°C (the temperature of most standard
DO NOT FREEZE.
Do not place in a freezer or freezing compartment of a refrigerator.
Bivalirudin is used for one dose in one patient only. Any remaining contents should be discarded.
What Bivalirudin APOTEX powder for injection looks like
Bivalirudin powder for injection is a white to off-white lyophilisate powder for reconstitution for i.v. injection and is
supplied in a glass vial.
Each vial contains 250 mg of bivalirudin (as trifluoroacetate) as the active ingredient.
It also contains the following inactive ingredients:
This medicine is gluten-free, lactose-free, sucrose-free, tartrazine-free and free of other azo dyes.
Australian Registration Numbers
Bivalirudin APOTEX 250 mg powder for injection (clear glass vial):
AUST R 241714.
Apotex Pty. Ltd.
16 Giffnock Avenue
Macquarie Park NSW 2113
APO and APOTEX are registered trade marks of Apotex Inc.
This leaflet was last updated in February 2016