Targin

Oxycodone hydrochloride and naloxone hydrochloride anhydrous
Consumer Medicine Information
 

NOTICE: This Consumer Medicine Information (CMI) is intended for persons living in Australia. This page contains answers to some common questions about Targin. It does not contain all the information that is known about Targin. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist. All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risk of you using this medicine against the benefits he/she expects it will have for you. If you have any concerns about using this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Bookmark or print this page, you may need to read it again.

What TARGIN tablets are taken for

TARGIN tablets contain two different medicines called oxycodone hydrochloride and naloxone hydrochloride anhydrous. Oxycodone belongs to a group of medicines called opioid analgesics. Naloxone is a medicine which, when taken orally, can block some of the effects of opioids in the gut, such as constipation.
TARGIN tablets are used to relieve moderate to severe persistent pain when other forms of treatment have not been effective. The naloxone in TARGIN tablets will help prevent and treat opioid-induced constipation.
Your doctor, however, may prescribe it for another purpose.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you.
As with all strong painkillers, your body may become used to you taking TARGIN tablets. Taking it may result in physical dependence. Physical dependence means that you may experience withdrawal symptoms if you stop taking TARGIN tablets suddenly, so it is important to take it exactly as directed by your doctor.
This medicine is only available with a doctor's prescription.

Before you take it

Long-term use of TARGIN tablets may affect your fertility. If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor.

When you must not take it

Do not take TARGIN tablets if you:
have moderate or severe liver disease
have any breathing problems such as severe asthma, respiratory depression (breathing slows or weakens) or other obstructive airways disease
are severely drowsy or have a reduced level of consciousness
have a condition where your stomach empties more slowly than it should or any condition that obstructs the stomach/bowel or affects bowel transit (movement of food or ingested material along the bowel)
have sudden severe abdominal pain
have irregular heart beats or changes in the way the heart beats
have a head injury, brain tumour or have raised pressure within the head, brain or spinal cord
suffer from uncontrolled convulsions, fits or seizures
have heart problems due to long-term lung disease
have just consumed and/or regularly consume large amounts of alcohol or have confusion and shaking due to alcohol withdrawal
take a medicine for depression called a 'monoamine oxidase inhibitor' or have taken any in the last two weeks
are about to have an operation (including surgery on your spine for pain relief in the next 24 hours) or have had an operation within the last 24 hours.
Do not take TARGIN tablets if you are allergic to oxycodone, naloxone, opioid painkillers, or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.
Do not take this medicine after the expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack.
If you take it after the expiry date has passed, it may not work very well.
Do not take it if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant whilst taking this medicine.
Like most medicines of this kind, TARGIN tablets are not recommended to be taken during pregnancy. Your doctor will discuss the risks of taking it if you are pregnant.
Do not breastfeed if you are taking this medicine.
The active ingredients in TARGIN tablets may pass into breast milk and there is a possibility that your baby may be affected. Your doctor can discuss with you the risks involved.
Do not give this medicine to a child younger than 12 years of age.
Safety and effectiveness in children younger than 12 years of age have not been established.

Before you start to take it

Tell your doctor if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, preservatives or dyes.
Tell your doctor if you have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
chronic kidney, liver or lung disease
high or low blood pressure
problems with your heart and blood circulation
underactive thyroid gland
disease of your gall bladder or bile duct
inflammation of the pancreas
inflammatory bowel disease or recent abdominal surgery
enlarged prostate
underactive adrenal glands
epileptic disorders or are prone to having convulsions
galactose intolerance, lactose deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption
some cancers of the digestive tract or pelvis
severe mental condition involving losing contact with reality, hearing voices or an ability to think clearly
an addiction or history of abuse of alcohol, opioids or other drugs.
Tell your doctor if you have used an opioid before.
Using TARGIN tablets after using higher doses of other opioids may lead to withdrawal symptoms or diarrhoea.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before you take any TARGIN tablets.

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines or dietary supplements, including any that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines, alcohol and TARGIN tablets may interfere with each other. These medicines include:
medicines used to treat depression, psychiatric or mental disorders
medicines used to treat depression belonging to a group called monoamine oxidase inhibitors must be stopped 14 days before TARGIN tablets are taken
medicines to help you sleep
other pain relievers including other opioids
medicines used to prevent or relieve the symptoms of allergy
medicines to stop nausea or vomiting e.g. metoclopramide or prochlorperazine
cimetidine, a medicine used to treat stomach ulcers or heartburn
medicines to put you to sleep during an operation or procedure
medicines to thin the blood e.g. coumarin derivatives such as warfarin
medicines to lower blood pressure
quinidine and other medicines used to treat the heart
medicines to treat convulsions e.g. phenytoin, carbamazepine
antifungals e.g. ketoconazole
antibiotics e.g. clarithromycin, rifampicin
medicines to treat HIV infection and AIDS e.g. ritonavir
medicines used to relieve stomach cramps or spasms, to prevent travel sickness
medicines to treat Parkinson's disease
medicines to treat urinary incontinence
medicines used to relax muscles
St John's wort (a herbal preparation)
grapefruit and grapefruit juice.
These medicines, dietary supplements or alcohol may affect how well TARGIN tablets work, or may increase side effects. You may need to avoid these or use different amounts, or take different medicines.
Your doctor or pharmacist has more information on medicines and dietary supplements to be careful with or avoid while taking this medicine.

How to take TARGIN tablets

How much to take

Your doctor will tell you exactly how much to take.
Follow the instructions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist exactly.

How to take it

Swallow TARGIN tablets whole with a full glass of water.
Do not chew, crush, break or dissolve the tablets.
TARGIN tablets are only designed to work properly if swallowed whole. The tablets may release all their contents at once if chewed, crushed, broken or dissolved which can be dangerous and cause serious problems, such as an overdose which may be fatal.
If you have trouble swallowing your tablets whole, talk to your doctor.
You must only take TARGIN tablets by mouth.
Taking this medicine in a manner other than that prescribed by your doctor can be harmful to your health.

When to take it

Take TARGIN tablets every 12 hours.
Take TARGIN tablets regularly to control the pain.
Taking them at the same time each day will assist in ensuring the best effect in improving your pain. If however, you begin to experience worsening pain and you are taking your TARGIN tablets as prescribed, contact your doctor as your dosage may need to be reviewed.
You may take this medicine with or without food.

How long to take it

Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
If you stop taking this medicine suddenly, your pain may worsen and you may experience withdrawal symptoms such as:
body aches
loss of appetite, nausea, stomach pain or diarrhoea
fast heart rate
sneezing or runny nose
chills, tremors, shivering or fever
trouble with sleeping
increased sweating and yawning
weakness
nervousness or restlessness.

If you forget to take it

If you forget to take your tablets, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed.
This will increase the chance of you getting unwanted side effects.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you have trouble remembering when to take your tablets, ask your pharmacist for some hints.
For example, take your medicine at the same time each morning and evening such as 8 a.m. and 8 p.m.

If you take too much (overdose)

Immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (Australia: telephone 13 11 26,  New Zealand: telephone 0800 POISON or 0800 764 766) for advice, or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital, if you think that you or anyone else may have taken too many TARGIN tablets.
Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
You may need urgent medical attention.
Keep telephone numbers for these places handy.
You should also follow the above steps if someone other than you has taken the tablets that were prescribed for you.
If someone takes an overdose they may experience difficulties in breathing, become drowsy and tired, lack muscle tone, have cold or clammy skin, have constricted pupils, have very low blood pressure or slow heart rate and may even become unconscious or die.
When seeking medical attention, take this leaflet and any remaining tablets with you to show the doctor. Also report any other medicines or alcohol which have been taken.

While you are taking it

Things you must do

Take TARGIN tablets exactly as your doctor has prescribed.
Before you start on a new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking TARGIN tablets.
Tell any other doctors, dentists, and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking this medicine.
If you are going to have surgery, tell the surgeon or anaesthetist that you are taking this medicine.
It may affect other medicines used during surgery.
If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor immediately.
Keep all of your doctor's appointments so that your progress can be checked.
Tell your doctor if your pain is getting worse, or if you are having more frequent breakthrough pain.
Also tell your doctor if you are having any problems or difficulties while you are being treated with TARGIN tablets.
Tolerance to oxycodone may develop which means that the effect of the medicine may decrease. If this happens, your doctor may review your dose so that you get adequate pain relief.
Keep enough TARGIN tablets with you to last over weekends and holidays.

Things you must not do

Do not drink alcohol while you are taking TARGIN tablets.
Drinking alcohol while taking TARGIN tablets may make you feel more sleepy and increase the risk of serious side effects, such as shallow breathing with the risk of stopping breathing and loss of consciousness.
Do not take TARGIN tablets to treat any other complaint unless your doctor tells you to.
Do not give your medicine to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not stop taking your medicine or change the dosage without checking with your doctor.
Over time your body may become used to you taking oxycodone so if you stop taking it suddenly, your pain may worsen and you may have unwanted side effects such as withdrawal symptoms. This is called physical dependence.
If you need to stop taking this medicine, your doctor will gradually reduce the amount you take each day, if possible, before stopping the medicine completely.

Things to be careful of

Do not drive or operate machinery until you know how TARGIN tablets affect you.
TARGIN tablets may cause drowsiness, dizziness, hallucinations, disorientation, blurred vision or other vision problems or may affect alertness. If you are affected, you should not drive or operate machinery. Discuss these effects with your doctor.
If you have been switched to TARGIN tablets from other opioid pain medications and are taking laxatives, you may need to reassess your laxative treatment.
It may be appropriate to reduce your laxative intake when you start taking TARGIN tablets and throughout your TARGIN tablet therapy.
Be careful if you are elderly, unwell or taking other medicines.
Some people may experience side effects such as drowsiness, confusion, dizziness and unsteadiness which may increase the risk of a fall.
If you feel light-headed, dizzy or faint when getting out of bed or standing up, get up slowly.
Standing up slowly will help your body get used to the change in position and blood pressure. If this problem continues or gets worse, talk to your doctor.
Tell your doctor if you suffer from nausea or vomiting when taking TARGIN tablets.
If you vomit after your dose, your pain may come back, as you will not have absorbed your medicine. If this happens, speak to your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe some medicine to help you stop vomiting.
Do not be alarmed if you see remnants of the tablet in your stool.
The active substances have already been released in the stomach and gut, and absorbed into your body.
There is potential for abuse of oxycodone and the development of addiction to oxycodone. It is important that you discuss this issue with your doctor.
Be aware that TARGIN tablets may produce a positive result in sports agency drug testing.

Side effects

All medicines may have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most of the time they are not. As for other medicines of this type, that is opioid analgesics, many side effects tend to reduce over time. This means that the longer you take this medicine, the less it may cause problems for you. Your doctor has weighed the risks of this medicine against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects.
Not everybody experiences them.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking TARGIN tablets.
This medicine helps most people with moderate to severe pain, but it may have unwanted side effects in a few people. Other side effects not listed here may also occur in some people.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
mild abdominal problems such as diarrhoea, feeling sick (nausea), decreased appetite, constipation
dry mouth, hiccups, sore throat, thirst, trouble swallowing or changes in voice
feeling anxious or nervous, trouble sleeping or abnormal dreams
trouble with your balance
excessive sweating, hot flushes
restlessness
muscle problems such as spasms, twitching or tremors
fatigue
skin rash, itching, chills, or fever
new problems with your eyesight
swelling of legs and ankles
absence of menstrual period
impotence
decreased sexual drive.
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
stomach discomfort, vomiting, indigestion or abdominal pain
abnormal thinking or changes in mood, or feeling deep sadness
slow or noticeable heart beats
headache or confusion
drowsiness, feeling faint or fainting or dizziness especially when standing up
unusual weakness, loss of strength or trouble walking
urinary tract infections or change in passing urine such as the volume passed, pain or feeling the need to urinate urgently.
The above list includes serious side effects that may require medical attention.
If any of the following happen, tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital:
you have an allergic reaction: shortness of breath, wheezing, shallow or difficulty breathing; swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat or other parts of the body; rash, itching or hives on the skin
your breathing slows or weakens
chest pain or chest tightness
fast or irregular heartbeats
seizures, fits or convulsions.
The above list includes very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.

After taking it

Storage

Keep your tablets in the blister pack until it is time to take them.
If you take the tablets out of the blister pack they may not keep as well.
Keep your tablets in a cool, dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.
Do not store it or any other medicine in the bathroom, near a sink or on a window sill.
Do not leave it in the car.
Heat and damp can destroy some medicines.
Keep it where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.

Disposal

If your doctor tells you to stop taking the tablets or the tablets have passed their expiry date, return any unused medicine to your pharmacist.

Product description

What it looks like

TARGIN tablets are oblong, film-coated tablets. They are available in four strengths which are as follows:
5/2.5 mg - blue, marked "OXN" on one side and "5" on the other
10/5 mg - white, marked "OXN" on one side and "10" on the other
20/10 mg - pink, marked "OXN" on one side and "20" on the other
40/20 mg - yellow, marked "OXN" on one side and "40" on the other.
TARGIN tablets come in boxes containing blister packs of 28 tablets.

Ingredients

Active ingredients:
5/2.5 mg contains 5 mg oxycodone hydrochloride and 2.5 mg naloxone hydrochloride anhydrous
10/5 mg contains 10 mg oxycodone hydrochloride and 5 mg naloxone hydrochloride anhydrous
20/10 mg contains 20 mg oxycodone hydrochloride and 10 mg naloxone hydrochloride anhydrous
40/20 mg contains 40 mg oxycodone hydrochloride and 20 mg naloxone hydrochloride anhydrous.
Inactive ingredients:
lactose
ethylcellulose
stearyl alcohol
purified talc
magnesium stearate
polyvinyl alcohol
titanium dioxide
macrogol 3350.
In addition, the tablets also contain the ingredients listed below:
5/2.5 mg - E133 (brilliant blue FCF) and hydroxypropylcellulose
10/5 mg - povidone
20/10 mg - E172 (iron oxide red) and povidone
40/20 mg - E172 (iron oxide yellow) and povidone.
This medicine does not contain sucrose, gluten, tartrazine or any other azo dyes.

Supplier

TARGIN tablets are supplied in Australia by:
Mundipharma Pty Limited
ABN 87 081 322 509
50 Bridge Street
Sydney NSW 2000
Phone: 1800 188 009
TARGIN tablets are supplied in New Zealand on behalf of Mundipharma New Zealand Limited by:
Pharmaco (NZ) Ltd
PO BOX 4079
Auckland 1140
Phone: (09) 377-3336
Medical enquiries (NZ): 0800 773 310
 
® TARGIN is a registered trade mark.
 
This leaflet was updated in October 2014. Please check with your pharmacist that this is the latest version of the leaflet available.
 
Australian Registration Numbers for TARGIN tablets are:
5/2.5 mg - AUST R 156067
10/5 mg - AUST R 156145
20/10 mg - AUST R 156189
40/20 mg - AUST R 156194
 
Orbis RA-0076