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¿Cuál es Síndrome de la Guerra del Golfo?

Por Liji Thomas, DOCTOR EN MEDICINA

Éste es un término de uso general que refiere a la presencia de varias enfermedades undiagnosed en los veteranos de la Guerra del Golfo de 1991. Incluye una constelación de síntomas extensamente divergentes como cansancio, dolores de cabeza, dolor común, la indigestión, problemas del sueño y dificultades de la memoria. Afecta de un cuarto a un tercero de estos soldados.

Muchos de éstos están sin causa obvia. Por Lo Tanto esta condición también se llama “enfermedad crónica del multi-síntoma” en veteranos de la Guerra del Golfo. Se hace la diagnosis cuando los síntomas existen por 6 meses o más, y causa 10% o más incapacidades.

Etiologías Posibles

  • Exposición al gas nervioso
  • Pre-Medicación con el bromuro del pyridostigmine como dimensión preventiva contra los efectos del gas nervioso
  • Trastorno por estrés postraumático
  • Otros desordenes psiquiátricos
  • Exposición a las substancias químicas tóxicas con excepción de ésas empleadas directamente en la guerra. Éstos incluyen vapores, los pesticidas, el uranio que se ha utilizado en las centrales nucleares o las bombas (llamadas “uranio empobrecido "), o las substancias químicas ardiente del aceite usadas en la reparación y el servicio de la maquinaria de la guerra.

Una hipótesis común es que los síntomas de las enfermedades de la Guerra del Golfo son debido a la exposición química, bastante que la tensión o la lesión cerebral. El Soporte para esta teoría viene de las juicios clínicas que muestran que la mejoría en síntomas múltiples fue señalada por un 80% que asombraba de temas, cuando tomaron altas dosis de la Coenzima Q (CoQ). Esta substancia química es un antioxidante que utiliza la función mitocondrial. La mejoría en los síntomas correlacionados con la dosis de CoQ, y fue considerada con ambos síntomas físicos tales como dolores del músculo, cansancio, y síntomas cognoscitivos o psicológicos tales como baja de memoria e irritabilidad. Además, la función mitocondrial fue encontrada para ser empeorada en estos temas, apuntando a una conexión causativa posible.

También se ha sugerido que los temas de la enfermedad de la Guerra del Golfo tenían un maquillaje genético que retrasó o redujo procesos de la desintoxicación en la célula, permitiendo los pesticidas, u otras substancias químicas tóxicas, a acumular en el cuerpo en un cierto plazo.

Algunas manifestaciones importantes incluyen:

  • Cansancio severo contínuo e inexplicado del síndrome Crónico de la fatiga - que persiste después de descanso.
  • Malestar del Poste-exertional - cansancio inusual después de cualquier esfuerzo físico o mental.
  • Fibromyalgia - dolor muscular disperso, con o sin rigidez muscular en déficits el despertar, del dolor de cabeza, del insomnio y de la memoria.
  • Desordenes gastrointestinales Funcionales - este grupo de enfermedades es marcado por combates crónicos o relanzados de síntomas gastrointestinales sin ninguna causa física demostrable, tal como síndrome de intestino irritable, diarrea o síntomas de la indigestión sin causa explicable.
  • Síntomas relacionados con la piel tal como erupciones así como síntomas menstruales o psicológicos.

El Tratamiento de la enfermedad de la Guerra del Golfo es principalmente sintomático.  Después excepto una causa orgánica para los síntomas, la terapia cognoscitivo-del comportamiento (CBT) se ha encontrado para ser una herramienta muy útil en la ayuda restablecer normalidad y utilidad a las vidas de ésos afectados. Otros investigadores han concentrado en el uso de la insulina intranasal de reducir la inflamación neuronal. Esta inflamación se postula para ser el resultado de la exposición a las substancias químicas tóxicas mezcladas, y puede causar la activación que continúa del sistema inmune, llevando a los síntomas múltiples.

Referencias

Last Updated: Oct 12, 2015

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Comments
  1. david Hill david Hill United Kingdom says:

    Simon Wessely of Kings collage London has done a lot to help governments not to pay out compensation to veterans calling gulf war syndrome  rumor he has also worked on ground zero  and lung problems in firefighters caused by the collapse of the twin towers and calls it hysteria for his work he was awarded a knighthood by the British government .

    Rumors shaped veterans' view of Gulf War ills: syndrome was defined by informal communication.   thefreelibrary.com
    After the bullets stopped flying the rumors took off among British veterans of the 1991 Gulf War. Early accounts of physical and emotional reactions to wartime experiences spread from one person to another through networks of veterans. Within a few years, these former soldiers had decided among themselves that the symptoms they were suffering from collectively amounted to the controversial illness known as Gulf War Syndrome, a new study concludes. Simon Wessely of King's College London and his colleagues analyzed extensive written accounts provided in 1996 by 1,100 British Gulf War vets. The research team doesn't regard the rumors as necessarily untrue or misleading, Rumor proved to be critical among the British Gulf War vets because it counteracted a lack of communication from military and government authorities, Wessely says. Vets turned to their own social grapevine for answers, Wessely's group reports in a paper to appear in Social Science & Medicine.

    From
    What's Causing 'Mass Faintings' at Cambodian Factories?
    TIME WORLD
    By Andrew Marshall Tuesday, Sept. 20, 2011
    Sufferers of World Trade Center syndrome, meanwhile, blamed proximity to Ground Zero for coughs and other respiratory problems long after airborne contaminants posed any health threat.
    All these are examples of mass hysteria, a bizarre yet surprisingly common phenomenon that is increasingly recognized as a significant health and social problem. For centuries it has crossed cultures and religions, taking on different forms to keep pace with popular obsessions and fears. In our post-9/11 world,
    Simon Wessely King's College London

    • Dawn Thomas Dawn Thomas United States says:

      I can say with all clarity of mind that the symptoms the veterans are experiencing are real. What is not clear is the methods used to study the veterans. An error has been made in trying to find a single common cause of the illnesses presented. Any one with a medical background should now understand that genetic makeup of the personnell is a definitive factor as to how a causitive agent may present as an illness. It is not apparent that this has been included in the studies.
      If we continue to try to use studies that do not clarify this factor it will obviously be flawed in the outcome or results. Any quality study is only as good as the data used hence the old expression "garbage in garbage out."

  2. Phil Gardner Phil Gardner United Kingdom says:

    I served in thr RN during the Gulf war and had the vaccines and naps tablets.I developed sleep apnoe and have a heart nerve block plus other health issues.I was super fit whilst serving in the Gulf and came back with all these health problems.Now don't tell me that these things are a figment of my imagination.

    • Sherry Chestnut Sherry Chestnut United States says:

      my husband juts had to have a pacemaker installed due to a nerve block issue and he has sleep apnea now where he was ok while in service. Its been a while sicne but he also has had a tia stroke and suffers from unaccounted headaches that last just a few minutes and then leaves him tired for a while after it. He was told he has to prove these are from the gulf war. How does he do that?

  3. Dawn Thomas Dawn Thomas United States says:

    I developed the first symptoms of Fibromyalgia in 1995. I was a nurse corp Officer in the Navy. I was healthy as could be prior to my service. While in the service in 1995,  I developed pain in my right shoulder. At first I thought it was related to packing too much weight on my shoulder but I had been weight lifting and was quite strong able to bench press my own weight. So it was curious to me. I didnt think anything was wrong and waited several months to even visit my PCP. Unfortunately the pain began to progressively get stronger and began to radiated down my arm to my hand. I the sought help from my PCP. It continued to progress the pain now presenting in both arms to hands and my neck. I was continuously having to draw on diagrams of the human body where and how my symptoms presented themselves. After two years the pain traveled to become bodywide. I had no hx of depression for the record.
    One day after describing my symptoms for the nth time now to numerous PCP'S, unbeknownst to me a Rheumatologist was sitting on the sidelines and heard me talking to the PCP. He saw me and in 1997 I wad given a diagnosis of "Fibromyalgia." I didn't believe it. I hadn't even heard of this disorder never mind understanding what it meant.
    My pain progressively worsened. I had a high pain toleranced as evidenced by having both of my children by natural childbirth methods not having any form of pain control. My first child was 8pds 12oz.  Now though my pain on a 0 to 10 scale was an 7. I later developed sleep disorders and cognitive memory problems. I had graduated from my BS degree in Science with a major in Nursing with a 3.86 g.p.a. But by 2000 I had to utilize flash cards to remember many of my patients info.
    By 2003 I was deployed to Iraq. I had been given a smallpox vaccine and my 6th? Anthrax vaccine on the same day. I became so ill I couldn't make it to sick bay which was four decks above my quarters. My commander found me  24 hrs later after not reporting to work for my shift. I was escorted to sick bay, an I.V. was placed and I was given something via the line. It did nothing to relieve the excruitating migraine, photophobia or nausea  I was experiecing. I was medivaced off the ship to Rota Spain. I remember the helo that removed me from the ship but I can't recall how I got from there to the C130? that transported myself and other patients to Spain. I dont remember much but I remember being in Rota Spain and waking up in a bed in a tent. I recovered from the migraine attack within a few days.
    As a side note, I did develope PTSD in 2003 but only after being locked in a room with enemy prisoners of war known as  EPW's for 12 hour shifts. But that is another story.
    In 2005 I was given a medical discharge from the military but denied my military retirement. I developed Reflexive Sympathetic Distrophy or RSD in 2000 after having both of my first ribs surgically removed. This progressed........or was my Fibro dx wrong.....not sure but to end the story the NOW BODYWIDE RSD was dx'd in 2013 by an internationally known neurologist. On the McDill  pain scale RSD or CRPS is rated as the most excrutiating pain a human being can experience. This has left me with Chronic fatique, sleep disorders, and never ending torturous pain. I am bedridden often times more than not.
    I am attempting Ketamine I.V. F. for the neurological disorder labeled CRPS. It is helping me to stop my Opioid patch but I still need oxycodone each day. Today I am bedridden for the third day in a row this week this is Thursday.
    My exhusband was deployed in the Airforce in 1990 to Iraq. He was very healthy when he left but developed MCS after that war. It was the first time I had ever really seen him sick and we had been married since 1978. I wish there were research truly done well for both the veterans and their family members. There are many crosses to bear in our lives but none heavier than being denied recognition that the one you carry is not visible to others eyes and understanding......

  4. Sergio Lainz Sergio Lainz Spain says:

    Sorry, my english is not alot ok!
    I am photojournalist from spain, I was working into Saudi Arabia and Kuwait from Jenuary to March ..I'am working in the capital, pipeline road, and Hafar el Batin fist one. And then,  when troops entry in Kuwait, we going into Kuwait City by the deseert after de Desert Rats. I'am living in the hotels whit no one something to eat, except the Iraquian 'rice' rest in the hotel. also, i was work in the road to Iraqui frontiere and i take the pictures in the middle of the iraqui caravan take to pullout Kuwait. She was destroyed by low-uranium bombimg. The Desert Rats gave me pills and injection for the case of a chemical attack, but did not use it.
    I also provided some ranch USA packaging, and snuff tobacco, which use the first days in Kuwait.
    I'm not a soldier, not kill anyone, and I do not think I've suffered post traumatic stress, but I have the symptoms of "GWS".
    I'm always tired since. I have muscle and tendon pain. And the non-alcoholic 'fatty liver'.
    As yet my 59 years, no doctor has prescribed me anything useful.
    Thenks.
    [email protected]

    • Michael Bailey Michael Bailey United States says:

      Sergio, my company was one of the first in and one of the longest serving at the time. We set up all of those Convoy Support Centers. Remember the CSC camps? Each had a name, CSC Vulture, CSC Wombat etc. I drove through Hafr al Batn every day or two. I spent a lot of time between Dharan, KKMC, Riyadh and west towards Jordan where the French were at. I also was there for the "Death Valley" destruction and drove through the oil fires frequently. Some of us saw nearly everything that happened, others were left to sit for month after month without ever leaving their camp. Yet very high proportions of personnel grouped around KKMC, Hafr al Batn and CSC Vulture, and most of those that went in with them on the feint to the west, the actual thrust to the north and the sweep to the east exhibit confirmed symptoms at a rate of 42 percent. The rest of the deployed report and confirm at a rate of about 16 percent.

      Deployed personnel that were not vaccinated with experimental vaccines (our AZ Guard unit received as many as 70 different vaccines, for some people) only report at about 3 percent, less than the general population. Those that received vaccines- but did not deploy -report and confirm at about 12 percent.

      It's not commonly known, but the Dept of Defense was ordered by a Federal judge to cease use of the experimental Anthrax vaccine after failing to report to Congress that over 20,000 hospitalizations resulted from complications attributed to the experimental Anthrax vaccine. The Army was banned from using that vaccine, and was forced to develop another and to obtain FDA approval. That new vaccine, being used on today's troops, is not the same Anthrax vaccine we were given in the Gulf War.

      In addition, my best friend, even though he is 16 years younger than I am, was in that unit with me. He suffers from the same symptoms, for the same length of time, and we both share the same rare vitamin D deficiency, developed since our return. He was in charge of the M9 chemical alarms. They went off over 25 times a day, over 18,000 times for the American military and over 9,000 times for the British. The official response when an alarm was reported was that it was a false alarm caused by "diesel fuel and exhaust".

The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News-Medical.Net.
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