Published on September 14, 2012 at 12:58 PM
Half of all under-five deaths occurred in five countries: India (24 per cent), Nigeria (11 per cent), Democratic Republic of the Congo (7 per cent), Pakistan (5 per cent) and China (4 per cent). India and Nigeria account for more than a third of all under-five deaths worldwide.
Globally, the leading causes of death among children under five are pneumonia (18 per cent of all under-five deaths), preterm birth complications (14 per cent), diarrhoea (11 per cent), complications during birth (9 per cent) and malaria (7 per cent).
The UN- IGME 2012 report calls for systematic action to reduce neonatal mortality as the proportion of under-five deaths during the neonatal period is rising in every region and almost all countries. Highly cost-effective interventions are feasible even at the community level. Accelerating the reduction in under-five mortality is possible by expanding preventative and curative interventions that target the main causes of post-neonatal deaths and the most vulnerable children.
Source: World Health Organization