Eli Lilly's revenue decreases 2% to $5.809 billion in fourth quarter 2013

Published on January 30, 2014 at 7:29 AM · No Comments

Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY) today announced financial results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2013. Certain financial information for 2013 and 2012 are presented on both a reported and a non-GAAP basis. Some numbers in this press release may not add due to rounding. Reported results were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and include all revenue and expenses recognized during the period. Non-GAAP measures exclude the items described in the reconciliation tables later in the release. The non-GAAP measures are presented in order to provide additional insights into the underlying trends in the company's business. The company's 2014 financial guidance is also being provided on both a reported and a non-GAAP basis.

"Lilly's fourth-quarter 2013 results reflect the initial impact from the U.S. patent expiration for Cymbalta. The loss of the Cymbalta patent, along with the expiration of the U.S. patent for Evista in March of this year will result in a substantial decline in revenue and earnings in 2014," said John C. Lechleiter, Ph.D., Lilly's chairman, president and chief executive officer. "Yet, far from seeing 2014 as a trough year for Lilly, we see it as a moment of tremendous opportunity. We anticipate launching several new medicines this year and returning our company to growth in 2015 and beyond."

Key Events Over the Last Three Months

  • U.S. patent exclusivity for Cymbalta® expired on December 11, 2013, resulting in the entry of several generic competitors.
  • As part of its previously-announced share repurchase program, the company repurchased approximately $500 million in company stock in the fourth quarter of 2013. For the full-year 2013, the company returned approximately $3.8 billion in cash to shareholders through its dividend and share repurchase program.
  • The company and its alliance partner, Boehringer Ingelheim, announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration accepted the filing of the New Drug Application for LY2963016, an investigational basal (long-acting) insulin. This new insulin glargine product was also submitted in Japan.
  • The company acquired all development and commercial rights from Arteaus Therapeutics for a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) antibody as a potential treatment for the prevention of frequent, recurrent migraine headaches, following a successful Phase II proof-of-concept study.
  • The company entered into a collaboration with Pfizer Inc. to co-develop and jointly commercialize tanezumab, a monoclonal antibody being investigated to treat moderate-to-severe chronic osteoarthritis pain, chronic low back pain, and cancer-related bone pain.
  • The company announced that results from three Phase III studies of edivoxetine did not achieve the primary study objective of superior efficacy in depression after eight weeks of treatment. While the safety and tolerability of edivoxetine were consistent with previous studies, the efficacy results do not support a regulatory submission for adjunctive treatment in patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

Fourth-Quarter Reported Results
In the fourth quarter of 2013, worldwide total revenue was $5.809 billion, a decrease of 2 percent compared with the fourth quarter of 2012. Revenue decline was comprised of 5 percent due to lower volume and 2 percent due to the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates, partially offset by an increase of 4 percent due to higher prices.  The decrease in volume was driven by the loss of U.S. patent exclusivity for Cymbalta in December 2013, partially offset by volume gains for most other products. Total revenue in the U.S. decreased 6 percent to $3.044 billion driven by lower volume for Cymbalta, partially offset by higher prices. Total revenue outside the U.S. increased 1 percent to $2.765 billion, as higher volume was partially offset by the unfavorable impact of the continued weakening of the Japanese yen, and to a lesser extent, lower prices.

Gross margin decreased 6 percent to $4.422 billion in the fourth quarter of 2013, driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates on international inventories sold and lower sales of Cymbalta due to the loss of U.S. patent exclusivity, partially offset by higher prices. Gross margin as a percent of total revenue was 76.1 percent, a decrease of 2.9 percentage points compared with the fourth quarter of 2012.

Total operating expenses in the fourth quarter of 2013, defined as the sum of research and development, marketing, selling and administrative expenses was $3.429 billion, which was essentially flat compared with the fourth quarter of 2012. Marketing, selling and administrative expenses decreased 1 percent to $1.954 billion, due to ongoing cost containment efforts, including the previously-announced reduction in U.S. sales and marketing activities in anticipation of the losses of patent exclusivity for Cymbalta and Evista®, and the impact of foreign exchange rates, partially offset by increased marketing spend for other products. Research and development expenses increased 1 percent to $1.475 billion, or 25.4 percent of total revenue, driven by higher research and clinical development expenses, partially offset by lower milestone payments.

In the fourth quarter of 2013, the company recognized a charge of $57.1 million related to acquired in-process research and development associated with the acquisition of a CGRP antibody from Arteaus Therapeutics.

In the fourth quarter of 2013, the company recognized asset impairment, restructuring and other special charges of $35.4 million, primarily related to charges associated with restructuring to reduce the company's cost structure and global workforce. In the fourth quarter of 2012, the company recognized a $204.0 million charge for asset impairment, restructuring and other special charges, comprised primarily of $122.6 million related to an intangible asset impairment for liprotamase and $64.7 million related to restructuring to reduce the company's cost structure and global workforce.

Operating income in the fourth quarter of 2013 was $900.8 million, a decrease of 15 percent, compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, due to lower gross margin, partially offset by lower asset impairment, restructuring and other special charges compared with the fourth quarter of 2012.

Other income (expense) was income of $9.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2013, compared with expense of $52.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2012. This difference was due primarily to $40.0 million of milestones received from Boehringer Ingelheim for the regulatory submissions of the companies' new insulin glargine product in the United States and Japan.

The effective tax rate was 20.0 percent in the fourth quarter of 2013, reflecting the reinstatement of the R&D tax credit in the U.S. effective January 1, 2013. In the fourth quarter of 2012, the effective tax rate was 18.3 percent, reflecting a tax benefit related to the intangible asset impairment for liprotamase.

In the fourth quarter of 2013, net income decreased 12 percent and earnings per share decreased  9 percent to $727.5 million and $0.67, respectively, compared with fourth-quarter 2012 net income of $827.2 million and earnings per share of $0.74. The decreases in net income and earnings per share were driven by lower operating income and a higher effective tax rate in the fourth quarter of 2013, partially offset by increased other income. Earnings per share benefited from a lower number of shares outstanding in the fourth quarter of 2013 compared to the fourth quarter of 2012.

Fourth-Quarter 2013 non-GAAP Measures
On a non-GAAP basis, fourth-quarter 2013 operating income decreased $275.1 million, or 22 percent, to $993.3 million, driven by lower gross margin. The effective tax rate decreased to 20.5 percent, compared with 22.3 percent in the fourth quarter of 2012, primarily driven by the reinstatement of the R&D tax credit.  Net income decreased 16 percent and earnings per share decreased 13 percent to $796.9 million and $0.74, respectively, compared with $945.2 million and $0.85 during the fourth quarter of 2012.

The decreases in net income and earnings per share were driven by lower operating income, partially offset by higher other income and a lower effective tax rate. Earnings per share benefited from a lower number of shares outstanding in the fourth quarter of 2013 compared to the fourth quarter of 2012.

Non-GAAP measures exclude items totaling $0.07 and $0.11 per share of expense in the fourth quarters of 2013 and 2012, respectively.  For further detail, see the reconciliation below as well as the Reconciliation of GAAP Reported to Selected Non-GAAP Adjusted Information table later in this press release.

Numbers do not add due to rounding.

 

Full-Year 2013 Reported Results
For the full-year 2013, worldwide total revenue increased 2 percent to $23.113 billion.  This increase was comprised of a 5 percent increase due to higher prices, partially offset by a 2 percent decrease due to the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates, and a 1 percent decrease due to lower volume. Total revenue in the U.S. increased 5 percent to $12.890 billion due to higher prices, partially offset by volume declines for Cymbalta and Zyprexa® due to the loss of patent exclusivity. Total revenue outside the U.S. decreased 1 percent to $10.223 billion, due primarily to the unfavorable impact of the continued weakening of the Japanese yen, and, to a lesser extent, lower prices, partially offset by increased volume. 

Gross margin increased 2 percent to $18.205 billion in 2013. Gross margin as a percent of total revenue remained flat with the prior year at 78.8 percent, driven by higher prices, offset by the impact of foreign exchange rates on international inventories sold which significantly decreased cost of sales in 2012.

Total operating expenses decreased 1 percent in 2013. Marketing, selling and administrative expenses decreased 5 percent to $7.126 billion, driven primarily by lower selling and marketing expenses resulting from the company's cost containment efforts, including the previously-announced reduction in U.S. sales and marketing activities in anticipation of the losses of patent exclusivity for Cymbalta and Evista, as well as the impact of foreign exchange rates. Research and development expenses increased 5 percent to $5.531 billion, or 23.9 percent of total revenue, due to higher research and clinical development expenses, including approximately $100 million of milestone payments made to Boehringer Ingelheim following the regulatory submissions for empagliflozin.

In 2013, the company recognized an acquired in-process research and development charge of $57.1 million related to the CGRP antibody. 

Additionally, in 2013 the company recognized asset impairment, restructuring, and other special charges of $120.6 million. These charges were comprised of $58.5 million associated with the anticipated closure of a production facility outside the United States, and $62.1 million for restructuring to reduce the company's cost structure and global workforce. In 2012, the company recognized charges of $281.1 million for asset impairment, restructuring and other special charges. These charges were comprised of $122.6 million related to an intangible asset impairment for liprotamase, $74.5 million related to restructuring to reduce the company's cost structure and global workforce, $64.0 million related to the asset impairment of a delivery device platform, and $20.0 million related to the withdrawal of Xigris.

Operating income in 2013 increased 13 percent compared to 2012 to $5.370 billion, due to higher gross margin and lower marketing, selling and administrative expenses, partially offset by higher research and development expenses.

Other income (expense) in 2013 was income of $518.9 million, compared to income of $674.0 million in 2012. The difference was driven primarily by lower income related to the termination of the exenatide collaboration with Amylin Pharmaceuticals ($495.4 million in 2013 compared to $787.8 million in 2012), partially offset by milestones received from Boehringer Ingelheim for regulatory submissions in the United States, Europe and Japan.

The effective tax rate was 20.5 percent in 2013, compared with 24.4 percent in 2012. The 2012 effective tax rate reflects the expiration of the R&D tax credit and the tax impact of the payment received from Amylin, partially offset by the tax benefit related to the intangible asset impairment for liprotamase. The decrease in the 2013 effective tax rate reflects the reinstatement of the R&D tax credit in the U.S. effective January 1, 2013 as well as the one-time impact of the R&D tax credit for 2012 that was recorded in the first quarter of 2013.

For the full-year 2013, net income increased 15 percent and earnings per share increased 18 percent to $4.685 billion and $4.32, respectively, compared to full-year 2012 net income of $4.089 billion and earnings per share of $3.66. The increases in net income and earnings per share were due to higher operating income and, to a lesser extent, a lower effective tax rate, partially offset by lower other income. Earnings per share benefited from a lower number of shares outstanding in 2013 compared to 2012.

Full-Year 2013 non-GAAP Measures
Operating income increased 11 percent to $5.548 billion due to higher gross margin and lower marketing, selling and administrative expenses, partially offset by higher research and development expenses. The effective tax rate for 2013 was 19.2 percent, compared to 22.8 percent in 2012. The decrease in the 2013 effective tax rate reflects the reinstatement of the R&D tax credit in the U.S. in 2013 as well as the one-time impact of the R&D tax credit for 2012 that was recorded in the first quarter of 2013. Net income increased 19 percent and earnings per share increased 22 percent, to $4.503 billion and $4.15, respectively. Earnings per share benefited from a lower number of shares outstanding in 2013 compared to 2012.

Non-GAAP measures exclude items totaling $0.17 and $0.27 per share of income for 2013 and 2012, respectively. For further detail, see the reconciliation below as well as the Reconciliation of GAAP Reported to Selected Non-GAAP Adjusted Information table later in this press release.

Numbers do not add due to rounding.

Cymbalta
For the fourth quarter of 2013, Cymbalta generated $883.2 million in revenue, a decrease of 38 percent compared with the fourth quarter of 2012. U.S. sales of Cymbalta decreased 49 percent, to $577.3 million, due to lower demand related to the loss of U.S. patent exclusivity for Cymbalta on December 11, 2013. Sales of Cymbalta outside the U.S. were $305.9 million, an increase of 9 percent, driven primarily by higher volume, partially offset by lower prices and the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

For the full year of 2013, worldwide Cymbalta sales increased 2 percent to $5.084 billion. U.S. Cymbalta sales for 2013 were $3.961 billion, a 1 percent increase driven by higher prices, largely offset by lower demand due to the loss of U.S. patent exclusivity in December 2013. Cymbalta sales outside the U.S. were $1.124 billion, a 4 percent increase driven by higher volume, partially offset by lower prices and the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

Alimta
For the fourth quarter of 2013, Alimta generated sales of $726.2 million, an increase of 6 percent compared with the fourth quarter of 2012. U.S. sales of Alimta increased 12 percent, to $332.0 million, driven by higher prices and increased demand. Sales outside the U.S. increased 2 percent, to $394.2 million, driven by increased volume, partially offset by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

For the full year of 2013, worldwide Alimta sales increased 4 percent to $2.703 billion. U.S. Alimta sales for 2013 were $1.209 billion, an 8 percent increase driven by higher prices and increased demand. Alimta sales outside the U.S. were $1.494 billion, a 1 percent increase driven by higher volume, partially offset by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates and lower prices.

Humalog
For the fourth quarter of 2013, worldwide Humalog sales increased 19 percent, to $733.9 million. Sales in the U.S. increased 31 percent to $433.5 million, driven by higher prices and increased volume. Sales outside the U.S. increased 6 percent to $300.4 million, driven by increased volume, partially offset by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

For the full year of 2013, worldwide Humalog sales increased 9 percent to $2.611 billion. U.S. Humalog sales for 2013 were $1.521 billion, an 11 percent increase driven by higher prices, wholesaler buying patterns and increased demand. Humalog sales outside the U.S. were $1.090 billion, a 6 percent increase driven by higher volume, partially offset by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

Cialis
Cialis sales for the fourth quarter of 2013 increased 15 percent to $588.3 million. U.S. sales of Cialis were $279.8 million in the fourth quarter, a 33 percent increase compared with the fourth quarter of 2012, driven by higher prices and, to a lesser extent, wholesaler buying patterns. Sales of Cialis outside the U.S. increased 2 percent, to $308.5 million, driven by higher prices, partially offset by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

For the full year of 2013, worldwide Cialis sales increased 12 percent to $2.159 billion. U.S. Cialis sales for 2013 were $942.8 million, a 21 percent increase driven by higher prices. Cialis sales outside the U.S. were $1.217 billion, a 6 percent increase driven by higher prices and higher volume, partially offset by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

Humulin
Worldwide Humulin sales increased 8 percent in the fourth quarter of 2013, to $369.5 million. U.S. sales increased 19 percent to $194.2 million, driven by higher prices and wholesaler buying patterns, partially offset by decreased demand. Sales outside the U.S. decreased 3 percent, to $175.3 million, driven by the unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates and lower prices, partially offset by increased volume.

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