Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with intensive medical treatment, study shows
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  March 21, 2017  
  Endocrinology  
  The latest endocrinology news from News Medical  
 Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with intensive medical treatment, study showsType 2 diabetes can be reversed with intensive medical treatment, study shows
 
Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with intensive medical treatment using oral medications, insulin and lifestyle therapies, according to a study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
 
 
 Whole-body vibration can mimic muscle, bone health benefits of regular exercise in miceWhole-body vibration can mimic muscle, bone health benefits of regular exercise in mice
 
A less strenuous form of exercise known as whole-body vibration can mimic the muscle and bone health benefits of regular exercise in mice, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's journal Endocrinology.
 
   Study: Phthalate exposure during early pregnancy can alter hormone levels in developing fetusesStudy: Phthalate exposure during early pregnancy can alter hormone levels in developing fetuses
 
Exposure during early pregnancy to some phthalates—man-made chemicals commonly found in household plastics, food and personal care products—can have adverse impacts on developing fetuses, according to a new study led by Dr. Sheela Sathyanarayana, a pediatric environmental health specialist at Seattle Children's Research Institute and associate professor at the University of Washington.
 
   Study provides new insights into biological mechanisms underpinning type 2 diabetes pathologyStudy provides new insights into biological mechanisms underpinning type 2 diabetes pathology
 
It has been estimated that the number of people with diabetes worldwide reached 422 million in 2014, boosting prevalence to 8.5% among adults over 18 years of age. This figure is expected to rise to 642 million people by 2040.
 
   Study reveals mechanisms behind increased risk of thrombosis in patients with malignant brain tumoursStudy reveals mechanisms behind increased risk of thrombosis in patients with malignant brain tumours
 
Patients with malignant brain tumours have an increased risk of thrombosis. Up until now we did not understand the mechanisms behind this.
 
 Pins and Needles and Diabetes
 
Pins and Needles and DiabetesDiabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder caused by the inability of the pancreas to produce sufficient amounts of insulin to deal with the quantity of glucose and other carbohydrates entering the body, or by the insensitivity of the body to the normal action of insulin.
 
 
 What are Enteroendocrine Cells?
 
What are Enteroendocrine Cells?Enteroendocrine cells are specialized cells found within the gastrointestinal tract, stomach and pancreas. They produce and release hormones in response to a number of stimuli. The hormones may be released into the bloodstream to generate systemic effects or may be distributed as local messengers. They may also stimulate a nervous response.
 
 
 Rheumatoid Arthritis and Vitamin D
 
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Vitamin DResearch finds a majority of people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are also vitamin D deficient and deficiency may worsen RA symptom severity. The most common causes of vitamin D deficiency in rheumatoid arthritis patients are insufficient intake of vitamin D from food sources, limited exposure to sunlight, and having a disorder that limits the body’s ability to absorb vitamin D in the body.
 
 
 Study shows potential way to prevent formation of scar tissue around medical implants
 
Study shows potential way to prevent formation of scar tissue around medical implantsMedical devices implanted in the body for drug delivery, sensing, or tissue regeneration usually come under fire from the host's immune system.
 
 
 How Does the Contraceptive Vaginal Ring Work?
 
How Does the Contraceptive Vaginal Ring Work?The contraceptive vaginal ring is a small, flexible, silicone ring that is inserted in the vagina. It contains progestin and estrogen, the same hormones that are used in the combined oral contraceptive pills. These are the primary female sex hormones, and have a typically cyclic pattern of secretion which is responsible for the menstrual cycle in women.
 
 
 How Does the Contraceptive Implant Work?
 
How Does the Contraceptive Implant Work?A contraceptive implant is a thin flexible 40 mm long plastic polymer rod which is impregnated with progestin.