Mild blast-induced concussion can lead to worse outcomes in military service members, study finds
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  May 16, 2017  
  Neurology / Neuroscience  
  The latest neurology news from News Medical  
 Mild blast-induced concussion can lead to worse outcomes in military service members, study findsMild blast-induced concussion can lead to worse outcomes in military service members, study finds
 
According to a new study in JAMA Neurology, U.S. military service members who endured a mild concussion after blast injury while deployed in Iraq or Afghanistan may continue to experience mental health symptoms as well as decreases in quality of life for at least five years after their injury.
 
 
 Elevated levels of specific protein linked to increased risk of ischemic stroke among womenElevated levels of specific protein linked to increased risk of ischemic stroke among women
 
Women with elevated levels of a protein in their blood may be at a higher risk of ischemic stroke, according to a study published in the May 10, 2017, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
 
   Research lays groundwork to develop realistic ‘biomimetic neuroprosthetics’Research lays groundwork to develop realistic ‘biomimetic neuroprosthetics’
 
By applying a novel computer algorithm to mimic how the brain learns, a team of researchers – with the aid of the Comet supercomputer based at the San Diego Supercomputer Center at UC San Diego and the Center's Neuroscience Gateway – has identified and replicated neural circuitry that resembles the way an unimpaired brain controls limb movement.
 
   Study unravels new clues to cause and treatment of spinal muscular atrophyStudy unravels new clues to cause and treatment of spinal muscular atrophy
 
Spinal muscular atrophy, a neurodegenerative disease that causes progressive muscle wasting and paralysis, may be partly due to abnormalities in the synapses that connect sensory neurons and motor neurons, according to researchers at Columbia University Medical Center.
 
   New clinical trial to evaluate efficacy of stem cell product in patients disabled with chronic strokeNew clinical trial to evaluate efficacy of stem cell product in patients disabled with chronic stroke
 
A clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a stem cell product injected directly into the brain to treat chronic motor deficits from ischemic stroke has begun at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.
 
 New gene variant linked to Lou Gehrig's disease
 
New gene variant linked to Lou Gehrig's diseaseFor the first time, a variant in UBQLN4 gene has been associated with Lou Gehrig's disease or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) - a progressive disease resulting in the loss of nerve cells that control muscle movement, which eventually leads to paralysis and death.
 
 
 Mayo Clinic study provides information on survival and death of patients with synucleinopathies
 
Mayo Clinic study provides information on survival and death of patients with synucleinopathiesFaced with a serious disease, patients want to know the answer to a difficult question: "How long will I live?"
 
 
 Research could lead to development of new therapies that reduce pathological fear in PTSD
 
Research could lead to development of new therapies that reduce pathological fear in PTSDResearch published by scientists at the University of California, Riverside on "fear memory" could lead to the development of therapies that reduce the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
 
 
 Simulation techniques improve brain death diagnostic, communications skills of neurologists
 
Simulation techniques improve brain death diagnostic, communications skills of neurologistsOne of the most difficult skills a neurologist must learn is how to diagnosis brain death and communicate the bad news to family members.
 
 
 Scientists use new RNA sequencing and statistical techniques to track stem cells in the nose
 
Scientists use new RNA sequencing and statistical techniques to track stem cells in the noseAdult stem cells have the ability to transform into many types of cells, but tracing the path individual stem cells follow as they mature and identifying the molecules that trigger these fateful decisions are difficult in a living animal.
 
 
 New spherical nucleic acid drug crosses blood-brain barrier to target brain tumors in animals
 
New spherical nucleic acid drug crosses blood-brain barrier to target brain tumors in animalsThe first drug using spherical nucleic acids to be systemically given to humans has been developed by Northwestern University scientists and approved by the Food and Drug Administration as an investigational new drug for an early-stage clinical trial in the deadly brain cancer glioblastoma multiforme.
 
 
 Discovery of steroid hormone in fruit flies may shed new light on maternal hypothyroidism
 
Discovery of steroid hormone in fruit flies may shed new light on maternal hypothyroidismUniversity of Oregon researchers using Drosophila have identified a steroid hormone that triggers a vital transition in early brain development in which neural stem cells properly change gears to produce different kinds of neurons.
 
 
 NIH-funded study identifies brain cells in fruit flies that regulate protein hunger
 
NIH-funded study identifies brain cells in fruit flies that regulate protein hungerHave you ever found yourself craving a steak or a burger? The brain controls our feelings of hunger and also determines the types of nutrients we should be seeking out.
 
 
 First year of elementary school improves child's attentiveness, research shows
 
First year of elementary school improves child's attentiveness, research showsThe first year of elementary school markedly boosts a child's attentiveness, according to new research from the University of California, Berkeley, and the Max Planck Institute in Germany.
 
 
 FAU receives initial accreditation for residency program in psychiatry
 
FAU receives initial accreditation for residency program in psychiatryFlorida Atlantic University's Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine has received initial accreditation from the national Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education for a University-sponsored residency program in psychiatry, in collaboration with its member teaching hospitals in the FAU College of Medicine Graduate Medical Education Consortium.
 
 
 Researchers identify brain cells that drive fruit flies’ food choices based on nutrition needs
 
Researchers identify brain cells that drive fruit flies’ food choices based on nutrition needsUsing fruit flies, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have identified a specific and very small set of brain cells -- dubbed dopamine wedge neurons -- responsible for driving the insects' food preferences toward what they need, rather than what they like.
 
 
 Penn researcher searches for common factor linked to smell loss
 
Penn researcher searches for common factor linked to smell lossStudies have shown that loss of the sense of smell can be among the first warning signs of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.