Memories stored in same neuron can be selectively erased, study suggests
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  June 27, 2017  
  Neurology / Neuroscience  
  The latest neurology news from News Medical  
 Memories stored in same neuron can be selectively erased, study suggestsMemories stored in same neuron can be selectively erased, study suggests
 
Different types of memories stored in the same neuron of the marine snail Aplysia can be selectively erased, according to a new study by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) and McGill University and published today in Current Biology.
 
 
 Cannabinoids found to be suitable treatment for migraine attacksCannabinoids found to be suitable treatment for migraine attacks
 
A study presented at the Congress of the European Academy of Neurology in Amsterdam confirmed that cannabinoids are just as suitable as a prophylaxis for migraine attacks as other pharmaceutical treatments.
 
   Shared decision-making essential to optimal treatment and quality of life for patients with MSShared decision-making essential to optimal treatment and quality of life for patients with MS
 
One of the cornerstones of multiple sclerosis treatment is shared decision-making between patients and their doctors and nurses, according to a cover article in the journal Practical Neurology.
 
   Insomnia drug appears to have opposite effect for patients with neurologic conditionsInsomnia drug appears to have opposite effect for patients with neurologic conditions
 
In a new systematic review in JAMA Neurology, Michigan Medicine researchers found reason to further explore the surprising effects of zolpidem that have been observed outside the scope of its primary Food and Drug Administration approval.
 
   Animal model of Gulf War illness hints at possible ways to mitigate symptomsAnimal model of Gulf War illness hints at possible ways to mitigate symptoms
 
When hundreds of thousands of American troops deployed to the Persian Gulf in 1990 and 1991 in what is now called the First Gulf War, they were exposed to a variety of chemicals.
 
 Temple researchers identify protective effects of extra-virgin olive oil against Alzheimer's disease
 
Temple researchers identify protective effects of extra-virgin olive oil against Alzheimer's diseaseThe Mediterranean diet, rich in plant-based foods, is associated with a variety of health benefits, including a lower incidence of dementia.
 
 
 Promoting innate detoxification mechanisms could be efficient strategy to reduce cellular oxidative stress
 
Promoting innate detoxification mechanisms could be efficient strategy to reduce cellular oxidative stressPromoting innate detoxification mechanisms in the body and discovering which supplements increase the efficacy of those biochemical pathways could be an efficient strategy to reduce the cellular oxidative stress and protect our health, according to an article published in the journal Food Chemistry, by the researchers Rafael Franco, from the Institute of Biomedicine of the University of Barcelona, and Eva Martínez Pinilla, from the Institute of...
 
 
 Scientists discover biological fingerprint in children with tuberculosis meningitis
 
Scientists discover biological fingerprint in children with tuberculosis meningitisChildren with tuberculosis meningitis - a brain and spinal cord infection that leads to disability and death -- have a biological fingerprint that can be used to assess the severity of the condition, help decide the best course of treatment, and provide clues for novel treatments, scientists at the Francis Crick Institute, Imperial College London and the University of Cape Town reveal.
 
 
 New research uncovers brain mechanism that enables more efficient multitasking
 
New research uncovers brain mechanism that enables more efficient multitaskingAlthough "multitasking" is a popular buzzword, research shows that only 2% of the population actually multitasks efficiently. Most of us just shift back and forth between different tasks, a process that requires our brains to refocus time and time again -- and reduces overall productivity by a whopping 40%.
 
 
 Study identifies structural changes in genes that increase risk of Tourette syndrome
 
Study identifies structural changes in genes that increase risk of Tourette syndromeResearchers have identified structural changes in two genes that increase the risk of developing Tourette syndrome, a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary motor and vocal tics.
 
 
 New study explores interpersonal synchronization in context of pain and touch
 
New study explores interpersonal synchronization in context of pain and touchFathers-to-be, take note: You may be more useful in the labor and delivery room than you realize. That's one takeaway from a study released last week that found that when an empathetic partner holds the hand of a woman in pain, their heart and respiratory rates sync and her pain dissipates.
 
 
 Researchers find new evidence that autoimmunity plays role in Parkinson's disease
 
Researchers find new evidence that autoimmunity plays role in Parkinson's diseaseResearchers have found the first direct evidence that autoimmunity- in which the immune system attacks the body's own tissues- plays a role in Parkinson's disease, the neurodegenerative movement disorder.
 
 
 Researchers identify key protein that helps trigger ketamine's rapid antidepressant effects
 
Researchers identify key protein that helps trigger ketamine's rapid antidepressant effectsUT Southwestern Medical Center scientists have identified a key protein that helps trigger ketamine's rapid antidepressant effects in the brain, a crucial step to developing alternative treatments to the controversial drug being dispensed in a growing number of clinics across the country.
 
 
 Specific cerebral circuitry bridges chemical changes and behavioral expressions in PTSD
 
Specific cerebral circuitry bridges chemical changes and behavioral expressions in PTSDSpecific cerebral circuitry bridges chemical changes deep in the brain and the more outward behavioral expressions associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which could lead to more objective biomarkers for the disorder, according to a comprehensive review of rapidly changing data published June 22 in The New England Journal of Medicine.
 
 
 Genetic factors play significant role in causing ALS, study reveals
 
Genetic factors play significant role in causing ALS, study revealsUp to 90 percent of people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) report that they have no family history of the disease.
 
 
 Study: New brain-based memory recognition technology may be one step closer to court
 
Study: New brain-based memory recognition technology may be one step closer to courtIn most crime scenes, there is some information that is known only by investigators and the actual perpetrator.
 
 
 Extra virgin olive oil protects memory and helps prevent Alzheimer’s
 
Extra virgin olive oil protects memory and helps prevent Alzheimer’sIn a landmark judgment, the Court of Justice of the European Union, yesterday ruled that courts could consider vaccines to be the reason for an illness despite the absence of any concrete evidence to support the connection.
 
 
 New approaches to early detection of Parkinson's disease on the horizon
 
New approaches to early detection of Parkinson's disease on the horizonDetecting Parkinson's disease before non-reversible symptoms occur: New approaches to early detection are meant to ensure just that. They are based on detection of alpha-synuclein in the skin or intestines.
 
 
 Chronic lack of sleep reduces cognitive abilities, negatively impacts physical health
 
Chronic lack of sleep reduces cognitive abilities, negatively impacts physical healthA chronic lack of sleep not only impairs cognitive abilities but also increases the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
 
 
 Disability-free life after major stroke could be increased by 270%, say experts
 
Disability-free life after major stroke could be increased by 270%, say expertsVirtually no other disease has seen such massive strides in treatment in recent years as stroke. Recent studies have confirmed that it is still possible to mechanically remove large vessel occlusions in the brain many hours after a stroke occurs.
 
 
 New monoclonal antibody shows efficacy in chronic migraine patients with medication overuse
 
New monoclonal antibody shows efficacy in chronic migraine patients with medication overuseA new human antibody may soon become available as a specific medication for preventing frequent migraine attacks.
 
 
 Researchers use magnetic implants to treat involuntary eye movements
 
Researchers use magnetic implants to treat involuntary eye movementsA research team has successfully used magnets implanted behind a person's eyes to treat nystagmus, a condition characterised by involuntary eye movements.
 
 
 Researchers identify first definitive risk genes for Tourette Syndrome
 
Researchers identify first definitive risk genes for Tourette SyndromeAn international team that just conducted the largest study of Tourette Syndrome has identified genetic abnormalities that are the first definitive risk genes for the disorder.
 
 
 New study sheds light on how the brain coordinates complex decisions involving altruism and empathy
 
It's a classic conundrum: while rushing to get to an important meeting or appointment on time, you spot a stranger in distress. How do you decide whether to stop and help, or continue on your way?
 
 
 Flat head syndrome does not have consequences beyond cosmetics
 
Flat head syndrome does not have consequences beyond cosmeticsThe number of infants who develop flat head syndrome -; deformational plagiocephaly – has increased significantly since the start of the Back to Sleep campaign to combat Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in the 1990s.
 
 
 Anti-seizure drug could have beneficial effect in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease
 
Anti-seizure drug could have beneficial effect in patients with mild Alzheimer's diseaseIn the last decade, mounting evidence has linked seizure-like activity in the brain to some of the cognitive decline seen in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
 
 
 Research provides insights into how light may interact with the brain to affect sleep
 
Research provides insights into how light may interact with the brain to affect sleepHumans are diurnal animals, meaning that we usually sleep at night and are awake during the day, due at least in part to light or the lack thereof. Light is known to affect sleep indirectly by entraining--modifying the length of--our circadian rhythms and also rapidly and directly due to a phenomenon known as masking.
 
 
 Chicken models may shed light on how humans develop sensitive daytime vision
 
Chicken models may shed light on how humans develop sensitive daytime visionHumans belong to a select club of species that enjoy crisp color vision in daylight, thanks to a small spot in the center of the retina at the back of the eye.