Rotavirus vaccination in babies, young children linked to slightly increased risk for intussusception
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  May 28, 2017  
  Gastroenterology‎  
  The latest gastroenterology‎ news from News Medical  
 Rotavirus vaccination in babies, young children linked to slightly increased risk for intussusceptionRotavirus vaccination in babies, young children linked to slightly increased risk for intussusception
 
Rotaviruses are the commonest cause of diarrhea in infants and young children worldwide. To protect against rotavirus infection, in 2013 the Standing Committee on Vaccination in Germany recommended rotavirus vaccination for all infants.
 
 
 Seattle Children’s opens first clinical trial to study IBD and GVHD in pediatric patientsSeattle Children’s opens first clinical trial to study IBD and GVHD in pediatric patients
 
In an effort to find new strategies to personalize treatment for pediatric patients, Seattle Children's has opened the first clinical trial applying next-generation T-cell receptor sequencing and single-cell gene expression analysis to better understand how the immune system drives both inflammatory bowel disease in pediatric autoimmunity patients and graft-versus host disease in pediatric bone marrow transplant patients.
 
   Probiotics could help improve gut symptoms and psychological issues in IBS, study showsProbiotics could help improve gut symptoms and psychological issues in IBS, study shows
 
Probiotics may relieve symptoms of depression, as well as help gastrointestinal upset, research from McMaster University has found.
 
   Ghrelin Sites of ActionGhrelin Sites of Action
 
The peptide hormone ghrelin is secreted by the gastrointestinal tract, and plays a pivotal role in appetite stimulation through its action on hypothalamic neurons. Ghrelin is bound by the presynaptic terminals of neurons that secrete neuropeptide Y (NPY). These cells also receive afferent signals from neurons in the area of the brain adjacent to the third ventricle, but between the ARN and PVN groups.
 
   FDA grants accelerated approval to cancer treatment based on common biomarkerFDA grants accelerated approval to cancer treatment based on common biomarker
 
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today granted accelerated approval to a treatment for patients whose cancers have a specific genetic feature (biomarker).
 
 LABORIE's T-DOC Air-Charged Anorectal Manometry Catheter
 
LABORIE's T-DOC Air-Charged Anorectal Manometry CatheterAdding the T-DOC Air-Charged Anorectal Manometry Catheter to your EMG, nerve stimulation, sensation measurements, anal ultrasonography, and defecography studies provides essential information to you and your patient in the effective treatment of evacuatory dysfunction.
 
 
 Cedars-Sinai researchers analyze social media posts to find medication concerns of IBD patients
 
Cedars-Sinai researchers analyzed thousands of social media posts to determine the biggest concerns patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have about their prescribed treatments.
 
 
 Human Parechovirus
 
Human ParechovirusParechovirus is a very new genus classification under the family Picornaviridae. They are closely related to enteroviruses that cause diarrhea, the common cold, and other infections. Parechovirus are of two types, Parechovirus A and Parechovirus B, of which the former is known as “Human Parechovirus or HPeV” as they are human pathogens that can cause diseases to the general population.
 
 
 Symptoms of Rat Lungworm Disease
 
Symptoms of Rat Lungworm DiseaseThe parasitic nematode Angiostrongylus can cause gastrointestinal or central nervous system (CNS) disease in humans. The species Angiostrongylus cantonensis (A. cantonensis) or the rat lungworm is zoonotic. Rat lungworm infection results in Eosinophilic Meningitis.
 
 
 Ghrelin and Depression
 
Ghrelin and DepressionGhrelin is a peptide hormone produced by the gastrointestinal tract, with multiple actions in the body. Its best-known function involves energy metabolism. Ghrelin is an orexigenic hormone which regulates energy intake by stimulating the appetite, resulting in adipogenesis (the formation of fat cells) and reduced lipolysis (the breakdown of lipids).
 
 
 Diet Supplements and Liver Problems
 
Diet Supplements and Liver ProblemsDiet supplements are used to improve an individual’s health, to relieve specific symptoms without recourse to medication, or to fill nutritional gaps. Constipation and obesity are two common health issues for which the use of dietary supplements is being promoted and is increasing.
 
 
 FODMAPs and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
 
FODMAPs and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a somewhat common diagnosis, prevalent in 8-20 percent of the population in the US. It is a chronic disorder which has symptoms of abdominal distension and pain, diarrhea, bloating and flatulence, in one or the other combination.
 
 
 Parechovirus Symptoms
 
Parechovirus SymptomsParechoviruses that are of two different types, Parechovirus A and Parechovirus B, are a genre of small, non-enveloped, single-stranded, positive sense RNA virus under the family Picornaviridae. Of the two types, Parechovirus A is a human pathogen (thus called human parechovirus), while parechovirus B infects animals.
 
 
 New study finds dramatic reorganization of the gut caused by weight loss surgery
 
New study finds dramatic reorganization of the gut caused by weight loss surgeryObesity, already a global epidemic, is on the rise. Over one-third of the U.S. population is currently afflicted, according to the Centers for Disease Control and the monetary costs alone are approaching $150 billion dollars annually.
 
 
 Study aims to find if IV acetaminophen can lead to lower doses of opioids after hip replacement surgery
 
Study aims to find if IV acetaminophen can lead to lower doses of opioids after hip replacement surgeryWhen considering joint replacement, many patients worry about how much pain they'll experience after surgery. It's a valid concern. Pain control is important not only to avoid discomfort.
 
 
 Researchers link intestinal fungi to increased risk of death in patients with alcoholic liver disease
 
Researchers link intestinal fungi to increased risk of death in patients with alcoholic liver diseaseLiver cirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of mortality worldwide and approximately half of those deaths are due to alcohol abuse.