Arthroplasty is a orthopaedic surgery procedure, in which the arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with something better or by remodeling or realigning the joint by osteotomy or some other procedure. Previously, a popular form of arthroplasty was interpositional arthroplasty with interposition of some other tissue like skin, muscle or tendon to keep inflammatory surfaces apart or excisional arthroplasty in which the joint surface and bone was removed leaving scar tissue to fill in the gap. Other forms of arthroplasty include resection(al) arthroplasty, resurfacing arthroplasty, mold arthroplasty, cup arthroplasty, silicone replacement arthroplasty, etc. Osteotomy to restore or modify joint congruity is also an arthroplasty.
A study from Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) finds that in morbidly obese patients, bariatric surgery performed prior to a total hip or knee replacement can reduce in-hospital and 90-day postoperative complications and improve patient health, but it does not reduce the risk of needing a revision surgery.
Despite higher costs, many doctors recommend and some patients prefer, recovery at an in-patient rehabilitation facility following total hip (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR) surgery.
For patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement, smoking is associated with an increased risk of infectious (septic) complications requiring repeat surgery, reports a study in the February 15 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
Avoiding the typical post-surgical precautions after hip replacement surgery — such as avoiding bending the hip past 90 degrees, turning the knee or foot inward and crossing the leg past the middle of the body — may lead to shorter inpatient rehabilitation time and faster overall recovery, according to research presented this week at the Association of Academic Physiatrists Annual Meeting in Las Vegas.
DePuy Synthes, part of the Johnson & Johnson Family of Companies, today announced that implant survivorship data from the 2016 Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry (AOANJRR) confirm positive early results for DePuy Synthes’ ATTUNE® Knee System. These data add to recent UK Joint Registry evidence which indicate that survivorship for the ATTUNE Knee compares favorably to other cemented knee systems in its class. In addition, recently-presented interim data on two studies suggest improved patient reported outcomes measures with the ATTUNE Knee compared to other leading knee systems.
DePuy Synthes Joint Reconstruction, today announced the latest clinical evidence of the performance of the ATTUNE Knee System.
CreakyJoints, the go-to source for more than 100,000 arthritis patients and their families world-wide who are seeking education, support, advocacy, and patient-centered research, today announced the forthcoming publication of “A Patient’s Guide to Living with Rheumatoid Arthritis.”
A new study from Brigham and Women's Hospital utilized claims data from more than 630,000 patients living in the state of California and found no significant differences in post-operative complications or mortality between African American patients and White patients who were treated in a universally insured military health system.
Minority populations have lower rates of total knee replacement (TKR) utilization but higher rates of adverse health outcomes associated with the procedure, according to a new study appearing in today's issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.
A groundbreaking device which could revolutionise post surgery care for knee replacement patients is being trialled for the first time in Europe at the Golden Jubilee National Hospital.
Many patients undergoing hip or knee replacement are still taking prescription opioid pain medications up to six months after surgery, reports a study in PAIN, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain.
Two commonly used nerve blocks during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are the adductor canal block (ACB) and femoral nerve block (FNB). ACB appears to preserve quadriceps strength superior to FNB while maintaining adequate postoperative pain control. Improving early functional outcome could lead to a quicker and safer recovery with earlier hospital discharges.
The use of peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) is associated with better medical and economic outcomes in patients receiving hip and knee replacement, according to research being presented at the 41st Annual Regional Anesthesiology and Acute Pain Medicine Meeting later this month.
If all patients scheduled for knee replacement were directed to high-volume hospitals for the surgery, it could save the U.S. healthcare system between $2.5 and $4 billion annually by the year 2030, according to a study at Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City.
Injections received in the months prior to total knee (TKR) or total hip replacement (THR) surgery may increase the risk for infection and related complications, according to two studies--among the largest conducted on this topic--presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced that it will launch six new orthopaedic textbooks at this year's American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons conference taking place at the Orange County Convention Center, West Building, Orlando, FL, March 1-5, 2016.
United Orthopedic Corporation, a leading international designer, manufacturer, and distributor of innovative orthopedic implants and instruments, today announced the start of patient enrollment in a follow-up study in the U.S. of the commercially available U-Motion II+ Acetabular System and UTF Reduced Stem in patients receiving primary total hip arthroplasty.
The study, “When patients write the guidelines: Patient panel recommendations for the treatment of RA,” published in Arthritis Research & Care, demonstrated the feasibility of developing CPG recommendations based on a voting panel composed entirely of patients.
A new study published today in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association compared outcomes from two types of postoperative pain control methods in a group of patients who had both of their knees replaced.
A “secret shopper” style study by researchers at Johns Hopkins analyzing foot traffic in and out of operating rooms suggests that for the sake of patient safety, OR teams may want to stay put more often.