Chromosome 6 News and Research

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Humans normally have 46 chromosomes in each cell, divided into 23 pairs. Two copies of chromosome 6, one copy inherited from each parent, form one of the pairs. Chromosome 6 spans about 171 million base pairs (the building blocks of DNA) and represents between 5.5 percent and 6 percent of the total DNA in cells.

Identifying genes on each chromosome is an active area of genetic research. Because researchers use different approaches to predict the number of genes on each chromosome, the estimated number of genes varies. Chromosome 6 likely contains between 1,100 and 1,600 genes.

Genes on chromosome 6 are among the estimated 20,000 to 25,000 total genes in the human genome.
High-powered MRI detects subtle differences in the hippocampus of people with Down syndrome

High-powered MRI detects subtle differences in the hippocampus of people with Down syndrome

Researchers apply 'kitchen sink approach' to produce 16 high-quality reference genomes

Researchers apply 'kitchen sink approach' to produce 16 high-quality reference genomes

Researchers try to simplify gene nomenclature across various organisms

Researchers try to simplify gene nomenclature across various organisms

Marmoset study establishes standards for the new era of biodiversity genomics

Marmoset study establishes standards for the new era of biodiversity genomics

Researchers identify genetic abnormalities that drive invasiveness in head and neck cancer

Researchers identify genetic abnormalities that drive invasiveness in head and neck cancer

Blood-brain barrier and its effect on the immune system play a role in schizophrenia

Blood-brain barrier and its effect on the immune system play a role in schizophrenia

HP1a is a key epigenetic regulator that maintains chromosome integrity

HP1a is a key epigenetic regulator that maintains chromosome integrity

New genetic markers may lead to personalized treatments for lung cancer

New genetic markers may lead to personalized treatments for lung cancer

Inhibition of nsp14 methyltransferase as a potential antiviral target for SARS-CoV-2

Inhibition of nsp14 methyltransferase as a potential antiviral target for SARS-CoV-2

Aneuploidy testing can be key in determining optimal treatment for lung cancer patients

Aneuploidy testing can be key in determining optimal treatment for lung cancer patients

Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 individuals with blood group AB at highest risk

Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 individuals with blood group AB at highest risk

Full assembly of human chromosome 8 reveals novel genes, disease risks

Full assembly of human chromosome 8 reveals novel genes, disease risks

Mother's stress levels during conception could be a determinant of fetal sex

Mother's stress levels during conception could be a determinant of fetal sex

New genetic link to male infertility found

New genetic link to male infertility found

SwRI researchers part of two collaborative teams receive SAMF bioscience grants

SwRI researchers part of two collaborative teams receive SAMF bioscience grants

Rare genetic variant may explain severe COVID-19 in young healthy male patients

Rare genetic variant may explain severe COVID-19 in young healthy male patients

New approach can help identify patients at risk for esophageal cancer

New approach can help identify patients at risk for esophageal cancer

New method for scDNA sequencing provides insights into breast cancer evolution

New method for scDNA sequencing provides insights into breast cancer evolution

Study reveals a genetic variant linked to COVID-19 severity in young men

Study reveals a genetic variant linked to COVID-19 severity in young men

New technique may result in earlier and easier identification of patients with Barrett's esophagus

New technique may result in earlier and easier identification of patients with Barrett's esophagus