Emtricitabine, also known as Emtriva or FTC, is a type of medicine called a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). NRTIs block reverse transcriptase, a protein that HIV needs to make more copies of itself. Emtricitabine in capsule form was approved by the FDA on July 2, 2003, for use with other antiretroviral agents in the treatment of HIV infection in adults. Emtricitabine oral solution was approved by the FDA on September 28, 2005, and is now approved for use with other anti-HIV drugs in the treatment of HIV-1 infection in patients older than 3 months of age. This medicine does not cure or prevent HIV infection or AIDS and does not reduce the risk of passing the virus to other people.
The Food and Drug Administration has announced approved Epzicom (abacavir/lamivudine) and Truvada (tenofovir disoproxil/emtricitabine), two fixed-dose combination treatments for HIV-1 infection.
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Gilead Sciences, Inc. and Merck & Co., Inc. have announced that they are in discussions on the development of a once-daily, fixed-dose combination of three anti-HIV drugs and are also considering certain co-packaging options for the individual products.