Syphilis News and Research

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Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It has often been called “the great imitator” because so many of the signs and symptoms are indistinguishable from those of other diseases.

In the United States, health officials reported over 36,000 cases of syphilis in 2006, including 9,756 cases of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis. In 2006, half of all P&S syphilis cases were reported from 20 counties and 2 cities; and most P&S syphilis cases occurred in persons 20 to 39 years of age. The incidence of P&S syphilis was highest in women 20 to 24 years of age and in men 35 to 39 years of age. Reported cases of congenital syphilis in newborns increased from 2005 to 2006, with 339 new cases reported in 2005 compared to 349 cases in 2006.

Between 2005 and 2006, the number of reported P&S syphilis cases increased 11.8 percent. P&S rates have increased in males each year between 2000 and 2006 from 2.6 to 5.7 and among females between 2004 and 2006. In 2006, 64% of the reported P&S syphilis cases were among men who have sex with men (MSM).

Syphilis is passed from person to person through direct contact with a syphilis sore. Sores occur mainly on the external genitals, vagina, anus, or in the rectum. Sores also can occur on the lips and in the mouth. Transmission of the organism occurs during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Pregnant women with the disease can pass it to the babies they are carrying. Syphilis cannot be spread through contact with toilet seats, doorknobs, swimming pools, hot tubs, bathtubs, shared clothing, or eating utensils.
New York Times examines HIV testing program in China

New York Times examines HIV testing program in China

Chembio Diagnostics donates over 4,500 HIV test kits for the 2009 Testing Millions Global Campaign

Chembio Diagnostics donates over 4,500 HIV test kits for the 2009 Testing Millions Global Campaign

STD infections continue to rise among young people

STD infections continue to rise among young people

Many pregnant Ugandan women avoid HIV screening

Many pregnant Ugandan women avoid HIV screening

New proposal can have substantial implications on EU fertility treatment costs

New proposal can have substantial implications on EU fertility treatment costs

Economic crisis impacts health department capacity to address rising STD rates

Economic crisis impacts health department capacity to address rising STD rates

Chembio Diagnostics to donate more than 4,500 rapid HIV test kits

Chembio Diagnostics to donate more than 4,500 rapid HIV test kits

Men's Wellness Center launched at AHF Blair Underwood Healthcare Center’

Men's Wellness Center launched at AHF Blair Underwood Healthcare Center’

AJPM article calls for increased effectiveness research on clinical preventive services for adolescents

AJPM article calls for increased effectiveness research on clinical preventive services for adolescents

African American seniors less likely to be vaccinated against flu; fear and misinformation pose problems

African American seniors less likely to be vaccinated against flu; fear and misinformation pose problems

Most health professionals lack access to tests for diagnosing primary syphilis, reveals survey

Most health professionals lack access to tests for diagnosing primary syphilis, reveals survey

Chembio Diagnostics to supply over 2000 PrimaTB STAT-PAK tuberculosis testing kits

Chembio Diagnostics to supply over 2000 PrimaTB STAT-PAK tuberculosis testing kits

Also in Global Health News: Uganda malaria efforts; child mortality in Vietnam; refugee health; U.S. aid to Somalia; HIV in South Africa

Also in Global Health News: Uganda malaria efforts; child mortality in Vietnam; refugee health; U.S. aid to Somalia; HIV in South Africa

High mortality rates may play a role in the evolution of human body size

High mortality rates may play a role in the evolution of human body size

New technique for blood diagnosis developed

New technique for blood diagnosis developed

New improved marker-free technique provides faster blood analysis

New improved marker-free technique provides faster blood analysis

Study reveals that older widowers are likely to be diagnosed with a STD

Study reveals that older widowers are likely to be diagnosed with a STD

FDA issues marketing approval for APP Pharmaceuticals' Penicillin G potassium for Injection, USP

FDA issues marketing approval for APP Pharmaceuticals' Penicillin G potassium for Injection, USP

To stop spread of HIV, prevention campaigns in China targeting sex workers, MSM

To stop spread of HIV, prevention campaigns in China targeting sex workers, MSM

Solomon Islands could see increase in HIV cases, WHO says

Solomon Islands could see increase in HIV cases, WHO says